Readings in the Philosophy of Religion: East Meets West / Edition 1

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Through a diverse collection of carefully chosen selections, Readings in Philosophy of Religion: East Meets West offers an enlightening array of perspectives on Western and non-Western religious thought that makes more meaningful trans-cultural connections possible within philosophy of religion.

  • Includes a substantial selection of non-Western religious perspectives that are accessible to both students and instructors
  • Provides further clarity with comprehensive chapter introductions to orient reader to upcoming selections
  • Incorporates discussion of topics often neglected, such as religious non-realism, post-modernism, and feminist philosophy of religion
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"An unusually wide-ranging reader including Hindu, Buddhist, Daoist and other "non-Western" perspectives as well as those from Judaism and Christianity." Times Higher Education Supplement

"A wonderful and unique collection, which combines uniformly excellent selections from Western philosophy of religion with some of the best analysis from Hindu, Buddhist, Daoist, and Confucian sources." John M. Fischer, University of California Riverside

"A brilliant set of readings in which Hindu, Buddhist, and Islamic sources (among others) are paired with classical and contemporary western philosophy of religion. Finally, we have a collection that promotes the practice of philosophy of religion in an exciting global, cross-cultural context." Charles Taliaferro, St. Olaf College

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781405147170
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 5/6/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 512
  • Product dimensions: 6.82 (w) x 9.70 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Andrew Eshleman is Associate Professor at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock. Holding degrees in philosophy (a Ph.D. from the University of California at Riverside) and religion (an M.A. from Claremont Graduate University), Dr. Eshleman has published several works on the philosophy of religion and moral responsibility.

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Table of Contents

A Note on the Treatment of Non-English Names and Terms

Sect. I What is Philosophy of Religion? 1

Sect. II Characterizing Ultimate Sacred Reality 11

1 The Divine Attributes: What is God Like? Michael Peterson Peterson, Michael William Hasker Hasker, William Bruce Reichenbach Reichenbach, Bruce David Basinger Basinger, David 21

2 The Female Nature of God: A Problem in Contemporary Religious Life Rosemary Radford Ruether Ruether, Rosemary Radford 31

3 God as Creative-Responsive Love John B. Cobb, Jr. Cobb, John B., Jr. David Ray Griffin Griffin, David Ray 36

4 The Vedic-Upanisadic Concept of Brahman The Highest God) Sushanta Sen Sen, Sushanta 43

5 Emptiness in Mahayana Buddhism Christopher Ives Ives, Christopher 52

6 Reality and Divinity in Chinese Philosophy Chung-Ying Cheng Cheng, Chung-Ying 59

7 How the Supreme Nature Exists through Itself Anselm of Canterbury 67

8 Of the Unicity of God Avicenna (Ibn Sina) 69

9 The Omnipotence of God Thomas Aquinas Aquinas, Thomas 70

10 Thinking and Speaking about God by Analogy Thomas Aquinas Aquinas, Thomas 72

11 Everything Has Its Self in Brahman Shankara (Samkara) 74

12 An Analysis of Nirvana Nagarjuna 76

13 Non-Polar and Yet Supreme Polarity! Zhou Dunyi (Zhou Lianxi) 78

Sect. III The Role and Limits of Reason in Supporting Belief in an Ultimate Sacred Reality 81

14 A Cosmological Argument for God's Existence Richard Taylor Taylor, Richard 91

15 Al-Ghazali and the Kalam Cosmological Argument William Lane Craig Craig, William Lane 97

16 Cosmological Arguments J. L. Mackie Mackie, J. L. 102

17 How the Existence of God Explains the World and Its Order Richard Swinburne Swinburne, Richard 107

18 Are We theOutcome of Chance or Design? Robin Le Poidevin Le Poidevin, Robin 113

19 The Message of the Mandukya Upanisad: A Phenomenological Analysis of Mind and Consciousness Ramakrishna Puligandla Puligandla, Ramakrishna 121

20 Antirationalism in Zhuangzi and Kierkegaard Karen L. Carr Carr, Karen L. Philip J. Ivanhoe Ivanhoe, Philip J. 126

21 Truly There is a God Anselm of Canterbury 141

22 Whether God Exists? Thomas Aquinas Aquinas, Thomas 142

23 Evidence of Design William Paley Paley, William 144

24 On the Argument from Design David Hume Hume, David 146

25 Truth is Subjectivity Soren Kierkegaard Kierkegaard, Soren 151

Sect. IV The Rationality of Religious Belief in the Absence of Evidence 155

26 The Will to Believe William James James, William 162

27 Is Belief in God Properly Basic? Alvin Plantinga Plantinga, Alvin 172

28 Plantinga on Belief in God as Properly Basic Michael Martin Martin, Michael 179

29 Religious Experience Justifies Religious Belief William P. Alston Alston, William P. 183

30 Do Mystics See God? Evan Fales Fales, Evan 191

31 Mystical Knowledge: Knowledge by Identity Robert K. C. Forman Forman, Robert K. C. 200

32 The Difference between Union and Rapture Teresa of Avila 218

33 Divine Intoxication al-Ghazali (Abu Hamid) 221

34 Manifesting Suchness Ehei Dogen Dogen, Ehei 223

Sect. V Evil and the Rationality of Religious Belief 225

35 Evil and Omnipotence J. L. Mackie Mackie, J. L. 232

36 The Logical Problem of Evil William Rowe Rowe, William 240

37 An Irenaean Theodicy John Hick Hick, John 245

38 The Evidential Problem of Evil William Rowe Rowe, William 256

39 The Concept of God after Auschwitz: A Jewish Voice Hans Jonas Jonas, Hans 265

40 Samkara's Theodicy Bimal K. Matilal Matilal, Bimal K. 273

41 Karma, Rebirth, and the Problem of Evil Whitley R. P. Kaufman Kaufman, Whitley R. P. 279

42 Evil as a Privation of Good Augustine of Hippo 291

43 The Argument from Evil David Hume Hume, David 293

44 Brahman, Creation, and Evil Shankara (Samkara) 296

Sect. VI Life after Death, Human Nature, and Personal Identity 299

45 A Naturalistic Case for Extinction Linda Badham Badham, Linda 306

46 Brain Science and the Soul Donald MacKay MacKay, Donald 311

47 The Resurrection of the Dead Stephen T. Davis Davis, Stephen T. 313

48 The Idea of Reincarnation Joseph Prabhu Prabhu, Joseph 326

49 Not-Self, Kamma, and Rebirth Christopher Gowans Gowans, Christopher 335

50 Nondualistic Problems of Immortality Roy W. Perrett Perrett, Roy W. 343

51 The Immortality of the Soul Plato 349

52 The Conscious Subject Persists in the State of Release Ramanuja 353

53 What is Reborn is Neither the Same Nor Another Anonymous 355

Sect. VII Making Sense of Conflicting Religious Truth Claims 357

54 A Religious Understanding of Religion: A Model of the Relationship between Traditions John Hick Hick, John 364

55 In Defence of a Contented Religious Exclusivism Jerome Gellman Gellman, Jerome 374

56 John Hick and the Question of Truth in Religion Brian Hebblethwaite Hebblethwaite, Brian 383

57 A Process Approach to Pluralism John B. Cobb, Jr. Cobb, John B., Jr. 390

58 A Dynamic Unity in Religious Pluralism: A Proposal from the Buddhist Point of View Masao Abe Abe, Masao 395

Sect. VIII Questioning the Foundations of Inquiry and Mapping New Territory 405

59 Anti-Realist Faith Don Cupitt Cupitt, Don 413

60 The Religious Necessity of Realism Paul Badham Badham, Paul 420

61 Postmodernism and Religious Reflection Merold Westphal Westphal, Merold 426

62 The Ends of Metaphysics Robert Kane Kane, Robert 434

63 Feminism and Analytic Philosophy of Religion Sarah Coakley Coakley, Sarah 446

64 Heidegger and Buddhism Michael E. Zimmerman Zimmerman, Michael E. 465

65 Li and the A-theistic Religiousness of Classical Confucianism Roger T. Ames Ames, Roger T. 479

Glossary 489

Text Sources and Credits 495

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