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101 Myths of the Bible: How Ancient Scribes Invented Biblical History

101 Myths of the Bible: How Ancient Scribes Invented Biblical History

3.1 16
by Gary Greenberg

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In his startling book, Gary Greenberg exposes the reality behind the greatest story ever told. Learn about the Egyptian myths and ancient folklore that survive in one of history's most sacred texts, and discover how:

-King David's bodyguard, not David, killed Goliath
-Noah's Ark did not land on Mount Ararat
-Samson did not pull down a Philistine


In his startling book, Gary Greenberg exposes the reality behind the greatest story ever told. Learn about the Egyptian myths and ancient folklore that survive in one of history's most sacred texts, and discover how:

-King David's bodyguard, not David, killed Goliath
-Noah's Ark did not land on Mount Ararat
-Samson did not pull down a Philistine temple
-There are at least two versions of the Ten Commandments
-The walls of Jericho were destroyed 300 years before Joshua arrived there
-Sodom and Gomorrah were mythical cities that never existed
-The story of Esther had nothing to do with the Jews of Persia
-And much, much more

101 Myths of the Bible provides a new dimension of biblical studies for believers, historians and anyone who has ever wondered about the facts behind the legends. By looking deeper into history, Greenberg shows that the true story makes the Bible more interesting than ever imagined!

Editorial Reviews

Library Journal
Greenberg, author of The Moses Mystery, sets out to uncover the layers of mythology within the Bible. He studies stories that have at least two contradictory accounts in the Bible; those that closely parallel preexisting myths and legends from other cultures and those that cannot be supported by archaeological data (such as the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah). Greenberg outlines the strong influence of Egyptian, Greek, Sumerian, and Hebrew mythology and literature to provide a way to read biblical stories within the larger context of history and world culture. He covers the Old Testament, starting with the Creation and its time line (did it take a full seven days to create everything?), through the founders (the Hebrew text does not mention Joseph's coat of many colors), and ending with heroes (Elhanan, not David, killed Goliath). Some background reading is provided at the end of the text. Recommended for larger religion collections.--Leo Vincent Kriz, West Des Moines Lib., IA Copyright 1999 Cahners Business Information.
Greenberg, a lawyer who's also president of the Biblical Archaeology Society of New York, explores how the myths and legends of neighboring cultures are built into the foundations of the modern monotheistic religions. He describes a long and continuous relationship between ancient Israel and Egypt, examining Old Testament stories to link Egyptian motifs and mythology to Hebrew interpretation of its earliest history. For his study, he looked for three kinds of biblical stories: those with at least two contradictory accounts; those with parallels in earlier myths and legends; and those involving incidents "that simply couldn't be true." Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

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Meet the Author

Gary Greenberg is the author of The Moses Mystery: The African Origins of the Jewish People. He is a member Society of Biblical Literature, The Egypt Exploration Society, The American Research Center in Egypt and The Archaeological Institute of America. He has addressed The International Conference of Egyptologists, The Society of Biblical Literature and conferences held by the American Research Center in Egypt. He is a senior trial lawyer for the Criminal Defense Division of the Legal Aid Society in New York City.

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101 Myths of the Bible: How Ancient Scribes Invented Biblical History 3.2 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 16 reviews.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
If you are completely ignorant and beleive everything in the bible is true, than this book is not for you. If you know that the bible was writen just by man and would like to find out what the stories are that the bible stole from, than this book is for you.
Guest More than 1 year ago
While the author may lean too far to his own assumption that the Bible took its stories from surrounding cultures, aren't some reviewers on here being equally closeminded by automatically assuming all he says is heresy. Blind faith in anything is foolish--even one's religion. Remember, the Bible does say David took Goliath's head to Jerusalem, which the Jebusites controlled at that time. It also says David--an adulterer, usurper, conspirator, and man who failed to perform his duties as head of his army--as a man after God's own heart. The text does not support this. Don't blindly dismiss things, people, just because someone tells you to disbelieve them.
Guest More than 1 year ago
A book that examines the many facets of biblical references, and cultural myths that perhaps borrow from eachother thread that make up religion today. An interesting look for those who have an open enough mind to examine it nonbiased, but this is 2006 we wouldn't want to be educated about something as important as religion, now would we? For people who deem this a sin or blasphemy, one should never apologize for a different opinion.
Guest More than 1 year ago
This is an enjoyable read pointing out the parallels the author sees between Hebrew myth and other Middle Eastern mythological systems(mostly Egyptian). The author devotes much of his time to pointing out and explaining the inconsistencies and contradictions in the Old Testament. My only problem with the book was that it lacked a scholarly format. He'd claim that certain things were conventional wisdom amongst scholars, but he didn't cite any sources support those assertions. This oversight calls some of the books veracity into question. However, the author did not make up the bible passages that he qouted. The inconsistencies are in the Bible, for everyone to see. I don't understand how a society that has put a man on the moon can still produce people who take the Old Testament as being literally true. This book will be entertaining and thought provoking to those with open minds, and it will be garbage to those who believe the perfect Bible dogma. The reviews thus far has bourne this out.
ManaassasJohn More than 1 year ago
It opened my eyes to the fact that the old testament is 80% fiction. Further, his depiction of the Genesis creation myth as a mish-mash of corrupted Egyptian and Babylonian myths, just blows any claims of the Creationists totally away.
Guest More than 1 year ago
Ever since my Junior year of Catholic High School when I took a Scriptures class, I've long wondered how much of an effect other cultures had on the creation of the Bible. Now, in this book, one can see how the myths came to be in the Bible and why the Bible is not the literal word of God but, rather, a work meant to convey the human condition and man's faith in a God.
Guest More than 1 year ago
This book examines biblical stories we are all more or less familiar with and identifies earlier versions of the same stories in other cultures, particularly ancient Egypt. The evidence is surprisingly compelling. This book does not attempt to debunk the Bible, but rather treats Biblical stories sympathically. The open-minded reader will be impressed by evidence that connects Biblical stories to earlier accounts of Egyptian gods. The book is also well organized, making it an easy read as well as an interesting one.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
This book does a fairly thorough job of revealing the underlying inspirations of some of the more common stories from and misconceptions about the Bible. A good read for non-believers/Christians looking for counters to claims made by Bible literalists, but the audience who will benefit most are Christians actually open to learning about the roots of their religion.
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Guest More than 1 year ago
This book is great for anyone who wants to re-examine the many stories that they were told as children, especially if they were brain-washed into believing them. The author does a great job of showing how ancient Hebrew scribes plagiarized myths from the ancient Egyptians and Babylonians. A good book for anyone considering atheism or already there.
dpv153 More than 1 year ago
Whom ever beleives this book obviously has never read the Bible and therefore are ignorant and can not write a truthful review.p
Guest More than 1 year ago
Do not forget this, It is a Sin to destroy the woed of our God and Father. It is also a sin to destroy the doctrine whom is Christ!!
Guest More than 1 year ago
Just a thought...couldn't the Egyptians and other cultures of the ancient near east have gotten thier stories from Biblical accounts. Hmmm bet you didn't think of that...
Guest More than 1 year ago
The author of this book forgets one very key detail: that there is a God and also a Devil who wants nothing more than to be God himself. To accomplish this he will do anything including mimicking the true history of God and his creation and works and twisting those facts with his own evil interests at heart in order to compel humanity to falsely worship him rather than the One True God. This work attempts to subvert the one true word of God and lead the less mature in Christ astray and I would not recommend it to anyone.