Accidental State: Chiang Kai-shek, the United States, and the Making of Taiwan

Accidental State: Chiang Kai-shek, the United States, and the Making of Taiwan

by Hsiao-ting Lin

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The existence of two Chinese states—one controlling mainland China, the other controlling the island of Taiwan—is often understood as a seemingly inevitable outcome of the Chinese civil war. Defeated by Mao Zedong, Chiang Kai-shek’s Nationalists fled to Taiwan to establish a rival state, thereby creating the “Two Chinas” dilemma that vexes international diplomacy to this day. Accidental State challenges this conventional narrative to offer a new perspective on the founding of modern Taiwan.

Hsiao-ting Lin marshals extensive research in recently declassified archives to show that the creation of a Taiwanese state in the early 1950s owed more to serendipity than careful geostrategic planning. It was the cumulative outcome of ad hoc half-measures and imperfect compromises, particularly when it came to the Nationalists’ often contentious relationship with the United States.

Taiwan’s political status was fraught from the start. The island had been formally ceded to Japan after the First Sino-Japanese War, and during World War II the Allies promised Chiang that Taiwan would revert to Chinese rule after Japan’s defeat. But as the Chinese civil war turned against the Nationalists, U.S. policymakers reassessed the wisdom of backing Chiang. The idea of placing Taiwan under United Nations trusteeship gained traction. Cold War realities, and the fear of Taiwan falling into Communist hands, led Washington to recalibrate U.S. policy. Yet American support of a Taiwan-based Republic of China remained ambivalent, and Taiwan had to eke out a place for itself in international affairs as a de facto, if not fully sovereign, state.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780674659810
Publisher: Harvard
Publication date: 03/14/2016
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 352
Sales rank: 1,011,945
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.20(d)

About the Author

Hsiao-ting Lin is a Research Fellow and Curator of East Asian Collections at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University.

Table of Contents

Acronyms and Abbreviations vii

Introduction 1

1 Taiwan in the Balance 14

2 A Troubled Beginning 35

3 Reformulating U.S. Policy toward Taiwan 57

4 Chiang Kai-shek in Eclipse 82

5 Last Gasp on the Mainland 100

6 Floating State, Divided Strategy 119

7 U.S. Military and Security Policy Goes Underground 141

8 The Island Redoubt Reinvigorated 170

9 Between Mainland and Maritime Strategies 196

10 The Making of an Island State 216

Conclusion 235

Glossary of Names and Terms 243

Notes 247

Bibliography 305

Acknowledgments 323

Index 327

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