Air and Noise Pollution Control: Volume 1

Air and Noise Pollution Control: Volume 1

Paperback(Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1979)

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781461262381
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York, LLC
Publication date: 10/14/2011
Series: Handbook of Environmental Engineering , #1
Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1979
Pages: 484
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.04(d)

Table of Contents

I Air Pollution Control.- 1 Introduction to Air Pollution.- I. Introduction.- II. Characteristics of Air Pollutants.- III. Standards.- A. Ambient Air Quality Standards.- B. Emission Standards.- IV. Sources.- V. Effects.- VI. Measurement.- A. Ambient Sampling.- B. Source Sampling.- C. Sample Locations.- D. Gas Flow Rates.- E. Relative Humidity.- F. Sample Trains.- G. Size Distribution Determination.- VII. Control.- VIII. Conclusions.- References.- 2 Fabric Filtration.- I. Introduction.- II. Principle and Theory.- III. Application.- A. General.- B. Gas Cleaning.- C. Efficiency.- D. Some Operational Variables.- IV. Economics.- V. Example Problem.- Nomenclature.- References.- 3 Cyclones.- I. Introduction.- II. Performance Characteristics.- A. Types.- B. Standard Designs.- C. Areas of Application.- III. Performance Modeling.- A. Flow Pattern.- B. Pressure Drop.- C. Efficiency.- D. Other Performance Variables.- E. Overall Efficiency on Polydisperse Dust.- IV. Cyclone Design.- A. Necessary Design Information.- B. Cyclone Specification.- C. Design Example.- D. Other Design Considerations.- Nomenclature.- References.- 4 Electrostatic Precipitation.- I. Introduction.- II. Principles of Operation.- A. Corona Discharge.- B. Electrical Field Characteristics.- C. Particle Charging.- D. Particle Collection.- III. Design Methodology and Considerations.- A. Precipitator Size.- B. Electrode Systems.- C. Power Requirements.- D. Gas Flow Systems.- E. Precipitator Housing.- F. Removal of Collected Particles.- G. Instrumentation.- IV. Applications.- V. Problems and Corrections.- A. Fundamental Problems.- B. Mechanical Problems.- C. Operational Problems.- D. Chemical Problems.- VI. Costs.- A. Installation.- B. Operation and Maintenance.- C. Total Cost or Unit Cost.- VII. Expected Future Developments.- Nomenclature.- References.- 5 Wet Scrubbing.- I. Introduction.- II. Fundamental Concepts.- A. Mass Transfer.- B. Particle Collection.- III. Linking Fundamentals to Design Approaches.- A. Transfer Unit Method.- B. Energy Dissipation (or Power) Density.- C. Contacting Power Concept for Particle Removal.- D. Unit Mechanisms.- IV. Scrubber Types, Their Selection and Efficiency.- A. Types.- B. Selection.- C. Efficiency.- V. Design Parameters.- A. Plate Scrubbers.- B. Packed Towers: Fixed-Bed Packing.- C. Packed Towers: Mobile-Bed Packing.- D. Packed Towers: Fibrous Packing.- E. Preformed Sprays.- F. Gas-Atomized Sprays.- G. Centrifugal Devices.- H. Baffle Scrubbers.- VI. Auxiliary and Ancillary Equipment; Disposal of Wastes.- A. Gas Moving.- B. Liquid Moving.- C. Liquid Recycle.- D. Liquid Disposal.- E. Sampling and Analysis.- F. Corrosion Control.- VII. Costs.- VIII. Industrial Applications.- A. Removal of Hydrochloric Acid Gas.- B. Absorption of Nitrogen Oxides.- C. Particle Removal.- D. Simultaneous Gas and Particle Removal.- IX. Design Example.- Nomenclature.- References.- 6 Atmospheric Dilution.- I. Introduction.- II. The First 85 km of Earth’s Atmosphere.- III. Turbulence.- IV. Turbulent Transport Phenomena.- A. Equations of Transport: Laminar.- B. Equations of Transport: Turbulent.- C. Reynold’s Analogy.- V. Turbulent Diffusion Models.- A. Statistical Diffusion Models.- B. K Theory.- C. Lagrangian Similarity Theory.- VI. Numerical Modeling.- VII. Wind Tunnel Modeling.- VIII. Industrial Air Pollution.- A. Meteorological Factors in Choosing a Site for Major Stationary Sources.- B. Atmospheric Stability.- C. Plume Rise.- D. Concentration Computation.- Nomenclature.- References.- 7 Ventilation And Air Conditioning.- I. Air Ventilation and Circulation.- A. General Discussion.- B. Typical Applications.- II. Ventilation Requirements.- A. Rate of Air Change.- B. Rate of Minimum Air Velocity.- C. Volumetric Air Flow Rate per Unit Floor Area.- D. Heat Removal.- III. Ventilation Fans.- A. Type.- B. Fan Laws.- C. Fan Selection to Meet a Specific Sound Limit.- IV. Hood and Duct Design.- A. Theoretical Considerations.- B. Hoods for Cold Processes.- C. Hoods for Hot Processes.- D. Ducts.- V. Air Conditioning.- A. General Discussion and Considerations.- B. Typical Applications.- VI. Design Examples.- Nomenclature.- References.- 8 Other Air Pollution Control Techniques.- I. Introduction.- II. Process Modification.- III. Vehicle Air Pollution and its Control.- A. Background.- B. Standards.- C. Sources of Loss.- D. Control Techniques and Alternate Power Plants.- IV. Mechanical Particulate Collectors.- A. General.- B. Gravitational Collectors.- C. Other Methods.- D. Use of Chemicals.- E. Simultaneous Particle-Gas Removal Interactions.- V. Entrainment Separation.- VI. Adsorption.- A. Introduction.- B. Physical Adsorption.- C. Chemical Adsorption.- D. Design.- E. Application.- VII. Conclusions.- Nomenclature.- References.- II Noise Pollution Control.- 9 Introduction to Noise Pollution.- I. Introduction.- II. Characteristics of Noise.- III. Standards.- IV. Sources.- V. Effects.- VI. Measurement.- VII. Control.- References.- 10 Noise Control.- I. Introduction.- II. The Physics of Sound.- A. Sound.- B. Speed of Sound.- C. Sound Pressure.- D. Frequency.- E. Wavelength.- F. RMS Sound Pressure.- G. Sound Level Meter.- H. Sound Pressure Level.- I. Loudness.- J. Sound Power Level.- K. Sound Energy Density.- III. Indoor Sound.- A. Introduction.- B. Sound Buildup and Sound Decay.- C. Diffuse Sound Field.- D. Normal Modes.- E. Reverberation Time.- F. Optimum Reverberation Time.- G. Energy Density and Reverberation Time.- H. Relationship between Direct and Reflected Sound.- IV. Sound Out of Doors.- A. Sound Propagation.- B. Wind and Temperature Gradients.- C. Barriers.- V. Noise Reduction.- A. Absorptive Materials.- B. Nonacoustical Parameters of Absorptive Materials.- C. Absorption Coefficients.- VI. Sound Isolation.- A. Introduction.- B. Transmission Loss.- C. Noise Reduction.- VII. Vibrations.- A. Introduction.- B. Vibration Isolation.- VIII. Design Examples.- Nomenclature.- References.

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