Alice's Adventures in Wonderland: and THROUGH THE LOOKING-GLASS and What Alice Found There

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland: and THROUGH THE LOOKING-GLASS and What Alice Found There

by Lewis Carroll
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Since Carroll was a mathematician at Christ Church, it has been suggested that there are many references and mathematical concepts in both this story and Through the Looking-Glass; examples include:

  • In chapter 1, "Down the Rabbit-Hole", in the midst of shrinking, Alice waxes philosophic concerning what final size she will end up as, perhaps "going out altogether, like a candle"; this pondering reflects the concept of a limit.
  • In chapter 2, "The Pool of Tears", Alice tries to perform multiplication but produces some odd results: "Let me see: four times five is twelve, and four times six is thirteen, and four times seven is—oh dear! I shall never get to twenty at that rate!" This explores the representation of numbers using different bases and positional numeral systems: 4 × 5 = 12 in base 18 notation, 4 × 6 = 13 in base 21 notation, and 4 × 7 could be 14 in base 24 notation. Continuing this sequence, going up three bases each time, the result will continue to be less than 20 in the corresponding base notation. (After 4 × 12 = 19 in Base 39, the product would be 4 × 13 = 1A in Base 42, then 1B, 1C, 1D, and so on.)
  • In chapter 7, "A Mad Tea-Party", the March Hare, the Hatter, and the Dormouse give several examples in which the semantic value of a sentence A is not the same value of the converse of A (for example, "Why, you might just as well say that 'I see what I eat' is the same thing as 'I eat what I see'!"); in logic and mathematics, this is discussing a converse relation.
  • Also in chapter 7, Alice ponders what it means when the changing of seats around the circular table places them back at the beginning. This is an observation of addition on the ring of integers modulo N.
  • The Cheshire cat fades until it disappears entirely, leaving only its wide grin, suspended in the air, leading Alice to marvel and note that she has seen a cat without a grin, but never a grin without a cat. Deep abstraction of concepts, such as non-Euclidean geometry, abstract algebra, and the beginnings of mathematical logic, was taking over mathematics at the time Dodgson was writing. Dodgson's delineation of the relationship between cat and grin can be taken to represent the very concept of mathematics and number itself. For example, instead of considering two or three apples, one may easily consider the concept of 'apple', upon which the concepts of 'two' and 'three' may seem to depend. A far more sophisticated jump is to consider the concepts of 'two' and 'three' by themselves, just like a grin, originally seemingly dependent on the cat, separated conceptually from its physical object.

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781940849997
Publisher: Murine Publications LLC
Publication date: 01/22/2019
Pages: 156
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.36(d)
Age Range: 8 - 11 Years

About the Author

Date of Birth:

January 27, 1832

Date of Death:

January 14, 1898

Place of Birth:

Daresbury, Cheshire, England

Place of Death:

Guildford, Surrey, England


Richmond School, Christ Church College, Oxford University, B.A., 1854; M.A., 1857

Table of Contents

CHAPTER I. Down the Rabbit-Hole 7

CHAPTER II. The Pool of Tears 11

CHAPTER III. A Caucus-Race and a Long Tale 15

CHAPTER IV. The Rabbit Sends in a Little Bill 21

CHAPTER V. Advice from a Caterpillar 27

CHAPTER VI. Pig and Pepper 33

CHAPTER VII. A Mad Tea-Party 39

CHAPTER VIII. The Queen’s Croquet-Ground 45

CHAPTER IX. The Mock Turtle’s Story 51

CHAPTER X. The Lobster Quadrille 57

CHAPTER XI. Who Stole the Tarts? 63

CHAPTER XII. Alice’s Evidence 69

Book 2: Through the Looking Glass

CHAPTER I. Looking-Glass house 75

CHAPTER II. The Garden of Live Flowers 83

CHAPTER III. Looking-Glass Insects 89

CHAPTER IV. Tweedledum And Tweedledee 97

CHAPTER V. Wool and Water 107

CHAPTER VI. Humpty Dumpty 115

CHAPTER VII. The Lion and the Unicorn 123

CHAPTER VIII. ‘It’s my own Invention’ 129

CHAPTER IX. Queen Alice 139

CHAPTER X. Shaking 149

CHAPTER XI. Waking 151

CHAPTER XII. Which Dreamed it? 153

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