Ancient Philosophy: A Contemporary Introduction

Ancient Philosophy: A Contemporary Introduction

by Christopher Shields

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781136627583
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 11/30/2011
Series: Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 250
File size: 2 MB

About the Author

Christopher Shields is Shuster Professor of Philosophy and Concurrent Professor of Classics at the University of Notre Dame, USA. His books include Order in Multiplicity: Homonymy in the Philosophy of Aristotle (1999), Ancient Philosophy: A Contemporary Introduction (Routledge, 2011), and (with Robert Pasnau) The Philosophy of Thomas Aquinas (2003). He served as editor of The Blackwell Guide to Ancient Philosophy (2002), and The Oxford Handbook on Aristotle (2012).

Table of Contents

@content:Introduction Acknowledgments Part One: Philosophy Before Socrates 1.1 Thales and the Earliest Natural Philosophers 1.2 Xenophanes 1.3 Heracleitus 1.4 Parmenides and Zeno 1.5 Democritus and Fifth-Century Atomism 1.6 Protagoras and the Sophistic Movement 1.7 Challenges from the Presocratics and Sophists Part Two: Socrates 2.1 The Socratic Elenchus 2.2 The Failures of Meno and Euthyphro 2.3 Socratic Ignorance and Socratic Irony 2.4 Socratic Conviction and the Socratic Paradoxes 2.5 Socrates on Trial and in Prison 2.6 Conclusions Part Three: Plato 3.1 From Socrates to Plato 3.2 Meno's Paradox of Inquiry; Plato's Response 3.3 Two Functions of Plato's Theory of Forms 3.4 Plato's Rejection of Relativism 3.5 Three Arguments for Forms 3.5.1 Aristotle's Introduction to Platonic Forms 3.5.2 Equality Itself: An Argument from the Phaedo 3.5.3 Knowledge and Belief: An Existence Argument from Republic V. 3.6 Plato's General Characterizations of Forms 3.7 Platonic Analysis: A Case Study 3.8 The Special Role of the Form of the Good: The Sun 3.9 Plato's Line and Cave 3.10 Problems about Forms 3.11 Conclusions Part Four: Aristotle 4.1 From Plato to Aristotle 4.2 Aristotle's Introduction to Category Theory 4.3 The Four Causes Introduced 4.4 The Four Causes Defended 4.4.1 Aristotle's Defence of Matter and Form 4.4.2 The Efficient Cause 4.4.3 The Final Cause 4.5 The Four Causes at Work I: Soul and Body 4.6 The Four Causes at Work II: Happiness and the Human Function 4.7 The Virtues of a Happy Person 4.8 Aristotle's Treatment of a Socratic Paradox: Akrasia 4.9 Aristotle on Philosophical Analysis 4.10 Conclusions Part Five: Hellenistic Philosophy 5.1 The Hellenistic Period 5.2 Epicureanism 5.2.1 The Sources and Core Doctrines of Epicureanism 5.2.2 Epicurean Hedonism 5.2.3 Fearing Death: For the Uninitiated 5.2.4 Fearing Death: For the Initiated 5.3 Stoicism 5.3.1 The Sources and Core Doctrines of Stoicism 5.3.2 Stoic Virtue: Oikeosis and Living in Accordance with Nature 5.3.3 Stoic Freedom 5.3.4 Value Monism: Stoic Emotions and Preferred Indifferents 5.4 Scepticism 5.4.1 Sources of Scepticism and Core Approaches 5.4.2 The Character of Pyrhhonism 5.4.3 Sceptical Tropes 5.4.4 Sceptical Challenges 5.5 Conclusions Suggestions for Further Reading

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