Arguments for Protected Areas: Multiple Benefits for Conservation and Use

Arguments for Protected Areas: Multiple Benefits for Conservation and Use


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Most protected areas (e.g.national parks and nature reserves) have been created to protect wildlife and land- and seascape values. They currently cover over 13% of the world's land surface, around 12% of marine coastal areas and 4% of the marine shelf. Retaining and expanding these areas in the future will depend on showing their wider benefits for society. This book provides a concise and persuasive overview of the values of protected areas. Contributing authors from over fifty countries examine a wide range of values that are maintained in protected areas, including food, water and materials; health; tourism; cultural and spiritual values; and buffering capacity against climate change and natural disasters. The book also considers the role of protected areas in poverty reduction strategies, their relationship with traditional and indigenous people and in fostering conflict resolution through peace parks initiatives. The chapters draw on a series of authoritative reports published by WWF over recent years under the 'Arguments for Protection' banner, in association with various partners, and on additional research carried out especially for the volume. It analyses the opportunities and limitations of protected areas for supplying the various values along with practical advice for planners and managers about maximising benefits. It provides an important contribution to the debate about the role of protected areas in conservation and other aspects of natural resource management and human livelihoods. Published with WWF

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781844078813
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 03/24/2010
Edition description: 1
Pages: 273
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Nigel Dudley of Equilbrium Research ,based in Bristol, UK, is an ecologist and consultant working on issues relating to forest conservation, protected areas and broad scale approaches to conservation, co-author with Rodolphe Shlaepfer, William Jackson, Jean-Paul Jeanrenaud and Sue Stolton of Forest Quality (2006) and co-editor with Sue Stolton of Partnerships for Protection (1999.) Sue Stolton, also of Equilibrium Research, specialises in issues relating to protected areas and the assessment of conservation actions.

Table of Contents

Contributors viii

Acknowledgements xiv

List of Figures, Tables and Boxes xv

List of Acronyms and Abbreviations xix

Foreword Jim Leape Nik Lopoukhine Kathy Mackinnon xxi

1 Protected Areas: Linking Environment and Well-being Sue Stolton 1

2 Vital Sites: Protected Areas Supporting Health and Recreation Sue Stolton 13

Case Study 2.1 Protecting Medicinal Resources in Colombia Sue Stolton Emilio Rodriguez 28

Case Study 2.2 Parks Victoria (Australia) 'Healthy Parks Healthy People' Initiative John Senior 31

3 Running Pure: Protected Areas Maintaining Purity and Quantity of Urban Water Supplies Nigel Dudley Lawrence Hamilton 39

Case Study 3.1 Protecting Water Supplies to Caracas, Venezuela José Courrau 49

4 Food Stores: Protected Areas Conserving Crop Wild Relatives and Securing Future Food Stocks Nigel Maxted Shelagh Kell Brian Ford-Lloyd Sue Stolton 53

Case Study 4.1 Crop Genetic Diversity Protection in Turkey Yildiray Lise Sue Stolton 70

Case Study 4.2 Conservation of Endangered CWRs in Mexico's Sierra de Manantlán Sue Stolton Jorge Alejandro Rickards-Guevara 73

5 Nursery Tales: Protected Areas Conserving Wild Marine and Freshwater Fish Stocks Nigel Dudley Sue Stolton 79

Case Study 5.1 Freshwater Fishery Sustainability in Lake Malawi, East Africa Sue Stolton 89

Case Study 5.2 Managing and Monitoring Success: The Story of Tubbataha Reefs, Philippines Edgardo Tongson Marivel Dygico 91

6 Natural Security: Protected Areas and Hazard Mitigation Jonathan Randall Sue Stolton Glenn Dolcemascolo 97

Case Study 6.1 Environmental Degradation and the Indian Ocean Tsunami of 2004 Sue Stolton Anita van Breda 112

Case Study 6.2 Restoration and Protection Plan to Reduce Flooding in the Lower Danube Orieta Hulea Christine Bratrich 115

7 Safety Net: Protected Areas Contributing to Human Well-being Liza Higgins-Zogib Nigel Dudley Stephanie Mansourian Surin Suksuwan 121

Case Study 7.1 Population-Health-Environment Approaches in Kiunga Marine National Reserve, Kenya Judy Oglethorpe Ali Mwachui Sam Weru Cara Honzak 140

8 Beyond Belief: Linking Faiths and Protected Areas to Support Biodiversity Conservation Liza Higgins-Zogib Nigel Dudley Josep-Maria Mallarach Stephanie Mansourian 145

Case Study 8.1 The Ancient Sacred Natural Sites in al Hoceima National Park, Morocco Josep-Maria Mallarach 159

9 Living Traditions: Protected Areas and Cultural Diversity Liza Higgins-Zogib Nigel Dudley Ashish Kothari 165

Case Study 9.1 Angkor Wat Protected Landscape - Where Culture, Nature and Spirit Meet Liza Higgins-Zogib 180

Case Study 9.2 Inuit Partnerships in the Torngat Mountains National Park, Canada Judy Rowell 183

10 Diverting Places: Linking Travel, Pleasure and Protection Sue Stolton Nigel Dudley Zoltan Kun 189

Case Study 10.1 Managing Tourism in South Korea's Protected Area System Nigel Dudley Hyun Kim Won Woo Shin 200

11 Climate Change: The Role of Protected Areas in Mitigating and Adapting to Change Nigel Dudley Trevor Sandwith Alexander Belokurov 205

Case Study 11.1 Protected Areas Helping to Reduce Carbon Emissions in Brazil Britaldo Silveira Soares Filho Laura Dietzsch Paulo Moutinho Alerson Falieri Hermann Rodrigues Erika Pinto Cláudia C. Maretti Karen Suassuna Carlos Alberto de Mattos Scaramuzza Fernando Vasconcelos de Araújo 218

12 Making Peace: Protected Areas Contributing to Conflict Resolution Trevor Sandwith Charles Besançon 225

Case Study 12.1 La Amistad Binational Biosphere Reserve in Costa Rica and Panama Manuel Rámirez 235

13 Nature Conservation: Leaving Space for Biodiversity Nigel Dudley 239

Case Study 13.1 A Hundred Years of Conservation Success at Kaziranga National Park, India Vinod Mathur Sue Stolton 248

14 Precious Places: Getting the Arguments Right Nigel Dudley Marc Hockings Sue Stolton 253

Index 265

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