Beyond Common Sense addresses the many important andcontroversial issues that arise from the use of psychological andsocial science in the courtroom. Each chapter identifies areas ofscientific agreement and disagreement, and discusses howpsychological science advances our understanding of human behaviorbeyond common sense.
- Features original chapters written by some of the leadingexperts in the field of psychology and law including ElizabethLoftus, Saul Kassin, Faye Crosby, Alice Eagly, Gary Wells, LouiseFitzgerald, Craig Anderson, and Phoebe Ellsworth
- The 14 issues addressed include eyewitness identification,gender stereotypes, repressed memories, Affirmative Action and thedeath penalty
- Commentaries written by leading social science and law scholarsdiscuss key legal and scientific themes that emerge from thescience chapters and illustrate how psychological science is or canbe used in the courts
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About the Author
Eugene Borgida is Professor of Psychology and Law at theUniversity of Minnesota and Morse-Alumni Distinguished Professor ofPsychology. He is also co-author of the forthcoming book, ThePolitical Psychology of Democratic Citizenship (with John L.Sullivan and Christopher Federico).
Susan T. Fiske is Eugene Higgins Professor of Psychologyat Princeton University. Her publications include SocialCognition: From Brains to Culture (with Shelley Taylor,2008) and Social Beings: A Core Motives Approach to SocialPsychology (2004).
Table of Contents
Notes on Contributors.
Foreword (Mahzarin R. Banaji).
Introduction (Eugene Borgida and Susan T. Fiske).
Part I Psychological Science on Stereotyping, Prejudice, andDiscrimination.
1 Race, Crime, and Antidiscrimination (R. Richard Banks,Jennifer L. Eberhardt, and Lee Ross).
2 Discrimination in America and Legal Strategies for Reducing It(Faye J. Crosby and John F. Dovidio).
3 The Young Science of Prejudice Against Older Adults:Established Answers and Open Questions About Ageism (Todd D.Nelson).
4 Gender Prejudice: On the Risks of Occupying Incongruent Roles(Alice H. Eagly and Anne M. Koenig).
5 From the Laboratory to the Bench: Gender Stereotyping Researchin the Courtroom (Laurie A. Rudman, Peter Glick, and Julie E.Phelan).
6 (Un)common Knowledge: The Legal Viability of Sexual HarassmentResearch (Louise F. Fitzgerald and Linda L.Collinsworth).
7 Subjectivity in the Appraisal Process: A Facilitator of GenderBias in Work Settings (Madeline E. Heilman and Michelle C.Haynes).
Part II Psychological Science on Legal SystemProcesses.
8 Eyewitness Identifi cation: Issues in Common Knowledge andGeneralization (Gary L. Wells and Lisa E. Hasel).
9 Repressed and Recovered Memory (Elizabeth F. Loftus,Maryanne Garry, and Harlene Hayne).
10 Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Confessions: APyramidal Framework of the Relevant Science (Saul M.Kassin).
11 Polygraph Testing (William G. Iacono).
12 Social Science and the Evolving Standards of Death PenaltyLaw (Phoebe C. Ellsworth and Samuel R. Gross).
13 Pretrial Publicity: Effects, Remedies, and Judicial Knowledge(Margaret Bull Kovera and Sarah M. Greathouse).
14 Media Violence, Aggression, and Public Policy (Craig A.Anderson and Douglas A. Gentile).
Part III Commentaries.
15 The Limits of Science in the Courtroom (David L.Faigman).
16 Research on Eyewitness Testimony and False Confessions(Margaret A. Berger).
17 Commentary on Research Relevant to Sex Discrimination andSexual Harassment (Barbara A. Gutek).
18 The Tenuous Bridge Between Research and Reality: TheImportance of Research Design in Inferences Regarding Work Behavior(Frank J. Landy).
19 Psychological Contributions to Evaluating Witness Testimony(Shari Seidman Diamond).
20 Beyond Common-sense Understandings of Sex and RaceDiscrimination (R. Richard Banks).
21 Behavioral Realism in Law: Reframing the Discussion AboutSocial Science' Place in Antidiscrimination Law and Policy(Linda Hamilton Krieger).
What People are Saying About This
"This collection is a gem! It unmasks the fallacies on race andgender that pass for ‘common sense’ so skillfully thatit is hard to read without shouting 'Aha!'"–Nancy Cantor, Chancellor and President, SyracuseUniversity
"This is a timely and extremely interesting analysis of the manyways in which psychological science can contribute to a moreaccurate understanding of various psychological issues often raisedin legal proceedings. This book will be useful, and a very goodread, for the general public as well as the psychological and legalcommunities."–Sharon S. Brehm, Indiana University Bloomington,President of the American Psychological Association (2007)
"This book is an indispensable guide—for scholars andpractitioners alike—to the psychological science of the legalsystem. Its pages are filled with important, hard-won lessons thatwe can turn to our advantage or ignore at our peril."–Daniel Gilbert, Harvard University
"The legal system is also a system of perception, emotion,interpersonal relations, and judgment. It is thus crucial thatlawyers, social scientists and indeed the broader public understandits psychological dimensions. This volume assembles key examples ofthe recent strides psychologists have made in understandingcourtroom processes and the psychosocial dimensions that shape howlaw works in a variety of settings from workplaces to the media. Itwill be a vital resource for both professionals andstudents."–Craig Calhoun, President, Social Science ResearchCouncil
"Incrementally, chapter by chapter, this world-class collectionof scholars and researchers upends our common sense understandingsof human prejudice and the law's ability to control it. Yet, justas importantly, it brings to the fore a vastly deeper understandingof these issues. It is more than a state of the art collection. Itis a classic collection that, for a long time, will beindispensable to discussions of prejudice and the law, as well asthe relationship between science and the public good."–Claude M. Steele, Stanford University