Bioengineering is an emerging discipline which encompasses various scientific fields like biomedical engineering, biochemical engineering, bio-electronics, bioprocesses and bionics. It is an integration of biological concepts & theories and engineering principles for developing state-of-the-art technology and equipment in the field of medicine, molecular engineering and genetics, biomechanics, bionics and implants, bioprocesses and bioinformatics. This book includes chapters on interdisciplinary areas like bioreactor design, surface science, fluid mechanics, thermodynamics and polymer science to explicate the principles and applications of bioengineering in a comprehensive manner. It also explores areas in which researches and innovations are being carried out like biomedicine, ecological engineering and diagnostic equipment. This book is an extensive reference guide for students, researchers, experts and academicians who are looking to gain an in-depth knowledge in the field of bioengineering.