The Bonobos: Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation provides a succinct yet comprehensive review of the current state of research and conservation efforts regarding the bonobos (Pan paniscus). The bonobos are one of the least known of the great apes although they are one of our closest living relatives, sharing 98.8% of DNA sequences. This text summarizes and analyses scientific research on the bonobos, as well as presents the most up-to-date findings from the field and captive studies. Further, the text presents compelling findings and solid population assessments for estimating wild population density and distribution.
The first section of the book presents research progress in the study of behavior of captive bonobos. These behavioral studies make important strides in our understanding of bonobo social relationships, agonistic dominance, social play, and signaling. The outcomes concerning high social status of females and flexible and complicated social communication may shed light on the study of evolution of both bonobos and humans.
The second section deals with ecological studies that have been carried out since the post-conflict resumption of field research in Democratic Republic of Congo. Methodologies that have been improved over recent years in the study of the other great apes have now been applied to the study of bonobos, which enables comprehensive comparison for understanding hominid adaptation to African tropical forest. Furthermore, differing and newly developed census methods have been employed to reveal the current status of bonobos in Africa's largest forested protected area, the Salonga National Park.
The text's final section centers on the most urgentconservation priorities and reviews local and global aspects of the factors threatening the wild bonobo population. The role of humans in the future of bonobo conservation is examined, as well as how the world's only sanctuary for orphaned bonobos can respond to the consequences of the live animal trade. Encouraging reports detail the presence and abundance of bonobos existing across their historic range. These contributions not only illuminate the current status of the bonobos but allow for critically designing the next steps for the continuation of their future.
|Publisher:||Springer New York|
|Series:||Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects Series|
|Edition description:||Softcover reprint of hardcover 1st ed. 2008|
|Product dimensions:||6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.03(d)|
Table of Contents
Introduction Takeshi Furuichi Jo Thompson 1
Behavioral Study Section
Foreword Frans B.M. de Waal 11
The Bonobo's Adaptive Potential: Social Relations under Captive Conditions Jeroen M.G. Stevens Hilde Vervaecke Linda Van Elsacker 19
What Does Agonistic Dominance Imply in Bonobos? Tommaso Paoli Elisabetta Palagi 39
Social Play in Bonobos: Not Only an Immature Matter Elisabetta Palagi Tommaso Paoli 55
Gestures and Multimodal Signaling in Bonobos Amy S. Pollick Annette Jeneson Frans B.M. de Waal 75
Ecological Study Section
Foreword Richard Wrangham 97
Longitudinal Structure of a Unit-group of Bonobos: Male Philopatry and Possible Fusion of Unit-groups Chie Hashimoto Yasuko Tashiro Emi Hibino Mbangi Mulavwa Kumugo Yangozene Takeshi Furuichi Gen'ichi Idani Osamu Takenaka 107
Seasonal Changes in Fruit Production and Party Size of Bonobos at Wamba Mbangi Mulavwa Takeshi Furuichi Kumugo Yangozene Mikwaya Yamba-Yamba Balemba Motema-Salo Gen'ichi Idani Hiroshi Ihobe Chie Hashimoto Yasuko Tashiro Ndunda Mwanza 121
Relationships among Fruit Abundance, Ranging Rate, and Party Size and Composition of Bonobos at Wamba Takeshi Furuichi Mbangi Mulavwa Kumugo Yangozene Mikwaya Yamba-Yamba Balemba Motema-Salo Gen'ichi Idani Hiroshi Ihobe Chie Hashimoto Yasuko Tashiro Ndunda Mwanza 135
Bonobo (Pan paniscus) Density Estimation in the SW-Salonga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo: Common Methodology Revisited Meike Mohneke Barbara Fruth 151
Ecological Factors Influencing Bonobo Density and Distribution in the Salonga National Park: Applications for Population Assessment Gay Edwards Reinartz Patrick Guislain T.D. Mboyo Bolinga Edmond Isomana Bila-Isia Inogwabini Ndouzo Bokomo Maufta Ngamankosi Lisalama Wema Wema 167
Range Occupation and Population Estimates of Bonobos in the Salonga National Park: Application to Large-scale Surveys of Bonobos in the Democratic Republic of Congo Falk Grossmann John A. Hart Ashley Vosper Omari Ilambu 189
Conservation Study Section
Foreword Cosma Wilungula Balongelwa 219
Traditional Land-use Practices for Bonobo Conservation Jo Myers Thompson Lubuta Mbokoso Nestor Richard Bovundja Kabanda 227
Human Hunting and its Impact on Bonobos in the Salonga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo John A. Hart Falk Grossmann Ashley Vosper Jose Ilanga 245
The Bonobos of the Lake Tumba-Lake Maindombe Hinterland: Threats and Opportunities for Population Conservation Bila-Isia Inogwabini Matungila Bewa Mbende Longwango Mbezo Abokome Miezi Vuvu 273
Changes in the Status of Bonobos, their Habitat, and the Situation of Humans at Wamba in the Luo Scientific Reserve, Democratic Republic of Congo Gen'ichi Idani Ndunda Mwanza Hiroshi Ihobe Chie Hashimoto Yasuko Tashiro Takeshi Furuichi 291
The Conservation Value of Lola ya Bonobo Sanctuary Claudine Andre Crispin Kamate Pierrot Mbonzo Dominique Morel Brian Hare 303