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Bound by Conflict: Dilemmas of the Two Sudans by Francis Mading Deng

Since its independence on January 1, 1956, Sudan has been at war with itself. Through the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) of 2005, the North–South dimension of the conflict was seemingly resolved by the independence of the South on July 9, 2011. However, as a result of issues that were not resolved by the CPA, conflicts within the two countries have reignited conflict between them because of allegations of support for each other’s rebels.

In Bound by Conflict: Dilemmas of the Two Sudans, Francis M. Deng and Daniel J. Deng critique the tendency to see these conflicts as separate and to seek isolated solutions for them, when, in fact, they are closely intertwined. The policy implication is that resolving conflicts within the two Sudans is critical to the prospects of achieving peace, security, and stability between them, with the potential of moving them to some form of meaningful association.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780823270781
Publisher: Fordham University Press
Publication date: 03/01/2016
Series: International Humanitarian Affairs (FUP) Series
Pages: 224
Sales rank: 1,239,768
Product dimensions: 8.80(w) x 5.90(h) x 0.60(d)

About the Author

Francis M. Deng is the first Permanent Representative of South Sudan to the United
Nations. Before assuming this position, he was the Special Adviser of the UN Secretary-General on the Prevention of Genocide. He has also served as Representative of the Secretary-General on Internally Displaced Persons; as Sudan’s ambassador to the Nordic Countries, Canada, and the
United States; and as Minister of State for Foreign Affairs of Sudan.

Daniel J . Deng is a Senior Adviser to the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) in South Sudan. He has also served as adviser to local and national government authorities in South Sudan. He has worked for international NGOs, UN agencies, intergovernmental organizations, and the private sector in various countries across Africa.

Kevin M. Cahill, M.D. is University Professor and Director of Fordham University’s Institute of International Humanitarian Affairs (IIHA). He also serves as President of the Center for International Humanitarian Cooperation (CIHC), Director of the Tropical Disease Center at Lenox Hill Hospital, Clinical Professor of Tropical Medicine and Molecular Parasitology at New York University School of Medicine, Chief Medical Advisor for Counterterrorism, NYPD, Professor of International Humanitarian Affairs at the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, and Senior Consultant to the United Nations Health Service. Dr. Cahill has served as Chief Advisor on Humanitarian Affairs and Public Health for three Presidents of the United Nations General Assembly.

Table of Contents

Foreword by Kevin M. Cahill, M.D. xi

Acknowledgments xv

Introduction 1

Chapter One: Overview of the Crisis 10
A Dream Turned Nightmare, and Worse 10
Tracing the Roots of the Crisis 15
Background to the Crisis 15
Developments on the Ground 17
Briefing the Ambassadors 19
Meeting the Detainees 20
The Tensions between the Government and UNMISS 25
Regional and International Response to the Crisis 28
Codependent Relationship between the Two Sudans 29
The Root of Sudan's Crisis of Identity 31
Breaking Down the Barriers between the North and the South 32

Chapter Two: Overlapping Conflicts between the Two Sudans 34
The Unresolved Contest over Abyei 35
Abyei Boundary Commission Report 36
Sudan's Demand for a Shared Dinka- Missiriya Administration in Abyei 40
Peaceful Co- existence 44
Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile 47
Security Concerns 49
Uncertainty about the Po liti cal Future 50
Comparing the Race Relations in the Two Areas 51

Chapter Three: Safeguarding a Precarious Peace 53
Final Steps toward the CPA 53
Principles for Evaluating the CPA Implementation 54
Elements of CPA Implementation 60
Attending Major Events in Sudan 63
The Signing of the CPA 64
Swearing- In Ceremony 65
The Death of Dr. John Garang 67
The CPA: A Laudable but Ambivalent Achievement 68

Chapter Four: Government of National Unity (GoNU) 73
The Presidency 74
The Cabinet 75
The National Assembly 76
Commissions Formation, Functioning, and Effectiveness 77
The Call for Law Reform 78
Involvement of Opposition Parties 80
The NCP Point of View 81
The Southern Point of View 82
Northern Opposition Point of View 84
Demarcation of the North- South Borders 87
The Distribution of Oil Revenues 88
Security Concerns and Setbacks 89
Efforts to Divide the South and Undermine the SPLM 91
SPLM: Rising to the Occasion? 93
The Prospects for Transformation 93
Impact of Developments on the NCP- SPLM Partnership 95

Chapter Five: Government of South Sudan 100
Establishment of Institutions and Assignment of Posts 101
Northern Interference in Southern Governance 102
Bringing Peace Dividends to the People 104
The Challenge of Corruption 107
The Threat of Disunity 113
Managing Tribal Confl icts 114
The Role of the Traditional Justice System 116
Taking Power to the Local Level 117

Chapter Six: The Internally Displaced and Refugees 120
The Situation of Return 121
Capacity and Coordination 122
Security Concerns 123
Push and Pull Factors in Return 124
Paradoxical Situation of IDPs in Khartoum 125
Repatriation, Resettlement, and Rehabilitation 127

Chapter Seven: Allegations of Genocide and Mass Atrocities 129
Demystifying Genocide and Mass Atrocities 129
The Tortuous Path to South Sudan In de pen dence 132
The Challenge to South Sudan's Diplomacy 135
The Crisis in Perspective 140

Conclusion 143

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