The announcement of the Clipper chip by the U.S. Government in April 1993 set off a frenzy of discussions about cryptography policy in the technological community. The shock waves from it ultimately included front page treatment in The New York Times, repeated questions to the Vice President, creation of several new newsgroups on the Internet, and some very productive public discussions about striking the balance between national security, law enforcement, and civil liberties. We still don't have good answers for some of the questions that have been raised. As the Global Information Infrastructure is being built, we are writing portions of the Constitution for Cyberspace. I've been fortunate to have a front row seat and to share much of this with my students. The original reading and selection of materials was made by the first cohort of students* in The George Washington University Accel erated Master of Science Program in Telecommunications and Com puters at the Ashburn, Virginia campus. They worked many long hours-reading, debating, and selecting materials for this book. In addition, Bob Patton spent a great deal of time scanning and editing the material. Nestor Torres prepared the index. And Harish Nalinak shan provided an enormous amount of technical and administrative assistance and kept the project on track as new developments took place in the debate and new papers and legislation reflected these. As with most readings books, some of the selections cover similar material. We have tried to hold this duplication to an acceptable level.
|Publisher:||Springer New York|
|Product dimensions:||6.69(w) x 9.61(h) x 0.04(d)|
Table of ContentsI Background.- 1 Cryptography (From Julius Caesar through Public Key Cryptosystems): Methods to Keep Secrets Secret.- 1 Encryption.- 2 Data Encryption Devices: Overview Technology Analysis.- 3 Answers to Frequently Asked Questions about Today’s Cryptography.- 4 Cryptography in Public: A Brief History.- 5 Internet Privacy Enhanced Mail.- 6 Privacy in Today’s Wireless Environment.- 7 Federal Information Processing Standards Publication 186(1994 May 19): Specifications for the Digital Signature Standard (DSS).- 8 Federal Information Processing Standards Publication 180(1993 May 11): Specifications for the Secure Hash Standard (SHS).- 9 Pretty Good Privacy: Public Key Encryption for the Masses.- 2 Key Escrow Cryptosystems: Keeping Secrets Secret Except When....- 1 The U.S. Key Escrow Encryption Technology.- 2 SKIPJACK Review: Interim Report.- 3 Protocol Failure in the Escrowed Encryption Standard.- 4 CAPSTONESChip Technology.- 5 Fair Crptosystems.- 6 Software Key Escrow: A Better Solution for Law Enforcement’s Needs?.- 7 A New Approach to Software Key Escrow Encryption.- 8 International Key Escrow Encryption:Proposed Objectives and Options.- II Current Government Policy.- 3 The U.S. Government Policy Solution: Key Escrow Cryptosystems, Policies, Procedures, and Legislation.- 1 Statement of the Press Secretary.- 2 Statement of the vice President.- 3 Vice President’s Letter to Representatative Maria Cantwell.- 4 EncryptionExport Control Reform.- 5 Attorney General Makes Key Escrow Announcements.- 6 Authorization Procedures for Release of Encryption Key Components in Conjunction with Intercepts Pursuant to Title III and FISA.- 7 Encryption Standards and Procedures Act of 1994.- 8 Comments on Encryption Standards and Procedures Act.- 4 The Policy Debate: How Controlled a Global Information Infrastructure do We Want, and Who Decides?.- 1 The Cypherpunks vs. Uncle Sam.- 2 Testimony Before the Subcommittee on Technology, Environment, and Aviation of the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the U.S. House of Representatives.- 3 Wiretaps for a Wireless Age.- 4 Don’t Worry Be Happy.- 5 So, People, We Have a Fight on Our Hands.- 6 Jackboots on the Infobahn.- 7 ‘Secret’ Agency Steps Over the Line.- 8 A Closer Look on Wiretapping.- III Aspects of Cryptographic Policy.- 5 Law Enforcement: What Does It Cost to Commit a Perfect Crime?.- 1 Digital Telephony and Communications Privacy Improvement Act of 1994.- 2 Summary Statement before the Subcommittee on Technology and the Law of the Committee on the Judiciary, United State Senate and the Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives.- 3 EFF Statement on and Analysis of Digital Telephony Act.- 4 EPIC Statement on Wiretap Bill.- 5 Benefits and Costs of Legislation to Ensure the Government’s Continued Capability to Investigate Crime with the Implementation of New Telecommunications Technologies.- 6 Digital Telephony Cost-Benefit Analysis.- 7 Digital Telephony Cost-Benefit Analysis.- 8 Digital Telephony Cost-Benefit Analysis.- 6 Civil Liberties: Safeguarding Privacy (and More) in a Digital, Tappable Age.- 1 The Impact of a Secret Cryptographic Standard on Encryption, Privacy, Law Enforcement and Technology.- 2 Genie Is Out of the Bottle.- 3 DPSWG Letter to President Clinton on Clipper.- 4 Cryptographic Issue Statements: Letter to the Computer System Security and Privacy Advisory Board.- 5 The Constitutionality of Mandatory Key EscrowA First Look.- 6 Review and Analysis of U.S. Laws, Regulations, and Case Laws Pertaining to the Use of Commercial Encryption Products for Voice and Data Communications.- 7 On Blind Signatures and Perfect Crimes.- 7 Export Policy: Prudent Controls in a Risky World or Making the World Safe for Foreign Competition?.- 1 Encryption’s International Labyrinth.- 2 Federal Policy Impact on U.S. Corporate Vulnerability to Economic Espionage.- 3 Testimony Before the Committee on the Judiciary Subcommittee on Technology and the Law of the United States Senate.- 4 Technology and Software Controls.- 5 State Department Ruling on Cryptographic Export Media.- 6 Constitutionality Under the First Amendment of ITAR Restrictions on Public Cryptography.- Afterword.- List of Acronyms.