China: A New History, Second Enlarged Edition / Edition 2

China: A New History, Second Enlarged Edition / Edition 2

by John King Fairbank, Merle Goldman John King Fairbank
Pub. Date:
Harvard University Press
Pub. Date:
Harvard University Press
China: A New History, Second Enlarged Edition / Edition 2

China: A New History, Second Enlarged Edition / Edition 2

by John King Fairbank, Merle Goldman John King Fairbank
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John King Fairbank was the West's doyen on China, and this book is the full and final expression of his lifelong engagement with this vast ancient civilization. It remains a masterwork without parallel. The distinguished historian Merle Goldman brings the book up to date, covering reforms in the post-Mao period through the early years of the twenty-first century, including the leadership of Hu Jintao. She also provides an epilogue discussing the changes in contemporary China that will shape the nation in the years to come.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780674018280
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Publication date: 04/30/2006
Edition description: Second Enlarged Edition
Pages: 640
Sales rank: 1,093,845
Product dimensions: 6.42(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.25(d)

About the Author

John King Fairbank was Francis Lee Higginson Professor of History and Director of the East Asian Research Center at Harvard University.

Merle Goldman is Professor of History, Emerita, at Boston University and Associate of The Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies at Harvard University.

Table of Contents

Preface to the Enlarged Editionxv
Preface to the Original Editionxvii
Introduction: Approaches to Understanding China's History1
The Variety of Historical Perspectives1
Geography: The Contrast of North and South4
Humankind in Nature14
The Village: Family and Lineage17
Inner Asia and China: The Steppe and the Sown23
Part 1Rise and Decline of the Imperial Autocracy27
1Origins: The Discoveries of Archaeology29
Paleolithic China29
Neolithic China31
Excavation of Shang and Xia33
The Rise of Central Authority37
Western Zhou39
Implications of the New Archaeological Record40
2The First Unification: Imperial Confucianism46
The Utility of Dynasties46
Princes and Philosophers49
The Confucian Code51
Unification by Qin54
Consolidation and Expansion under the Han57
Imperial Confucianism62
Correlative Cosmology64
Emperor and Scholars66
3Reunification in the Buddhist Age72
The Buddhist Teaching73
Sui-Tang Reunification76
Buddhism and the State79
Decline of the Tang Dynasty81
Social Change: The Tang-Song Transition83
4China's Greatest Age: Northern and Southern Song88
Efflorescence of Material Growth88
Education and the Examination System93
The Creation of Neo-Confucianism96
Formation of Gentry Society101
5The Paradox of Song China and Inner Asia108
The Symbiosis of Wen and Wu108
The Rise of Non-Chinese Rule over China112
China in the Mongol Empire119
Interpreting the Song Era126
6Government in the Ming Dynasty128
Legacies of the Hongwu Emperor128
Fiscal Problems132
China Turns Inward137
Factional Politics140
7The Qing Success Story143
The Manchu Conquest143
Institutional Adaptation146
The Jesuit Interlude151
Growth of Qing Control in Inner Asia152
The Attempted Integration of Polity and Culture154
Part 2Late Imperial China, 1600-1911163
8The Paradox of Growth without Development167
The Rise in Population167
Diminishing Returns of Farm Labor170
The Subjection of Women173
Domestic Trade and Commercial Organization176
Merchant-Official Symbiosis179
Limitations of the Law183
9Frontier Unrest and the Opening of China187
The Weakness of State Leadership187
The White Lotus Rebellion, 1796-1804189
Maritime China: Origins of the Overseas Chinese191
European Trading Companies and the Canton Trade195
Rebellion on the Turkestan Frontier, 1826-1835197
Opium and the Struggle for a New Order at Guangzhou, 1834-1842198
Inauguration of the Treaty Century after 1842201
10Rebellion and Restoration206
The Great Taiping Rebellion, 1851-1864206
Civil War209
The Qing Restoration of the 1860s212
Suppression of Other Rebellions214
11Early Modernization and the Decline of Qing Power217
Self-Strengthening and Its Failure217
The Christian-Confucian Struggle221
The Reform Movement224
The Boxer Rising, 1898-1901230
12The Republican Revolution, 1901-1916235
A New Domestic Balance of Power235
Suppressing Rebellion by Militarization236
Elite Activism in the Public Sphere238
The Japanese Influence240
The Qing Reform Effort241
Constitutionalism and Self-Government244
Insoluble Systemic Problems247
The Revolution of 1911 and Yuan Shikai's Dictatorship250
Part 3The Republic of China, 1912-1949255
13The Quest for a Chinese Civil Society257
The Limits of Chinese Liberalism257
The Limits of Christian Reformism260
The Tardy Rise of a Political Press262
Academic Development263
The New Culture Movement266
The May Fourth Movement267
Rise of the Chinese Bourgeoisie269
Origins of the Chinese Communist Party275
14The Nationalist Revolution and the Nanjing Government279
Sun Yatsen and the United Front279
The Accession to Power of Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kaishek)283
The Nature of the Nanjing Government286
Systemic Weaknesses289
15The Second Coming of the Chinese Communist Party294
Problems of Life on the Land294
Rural Reconstruction299
The Rise of Mao Zedong301
The Long March, 1934-1935305
The Role of Zhou Enlai307
The Second United Front310
16China's War of Resistance, 1937-1945312
Nationalist Difficulties312
Mao's Sinification of Marxism316
Mao Zedong Thought321
The Rectification Campaign of 1942-1944323
American Support of Coalition Government326
17The Civil War and the Nationalists on Taiwan331
Why the Nationalists Failed331
Nationalist Attack and Communist Counterattack334
Taiwan as a Japanese Colony337
Taiwan as the Republic of China339
Part 4The People's Republic of China343
18Establishing Control of State and Countryside345
Creating the New State, 1949-1953345
Collectivizing Agriculture352
Collective Agriculture in Practice354
Beginning Industrialization357
Education and the Intellectuals359
The Anti-Rightist Campaign, 1957-1958365
19The Great Leap Forward, 1958-1960368
Background Factors368
The Disaster of 1959-1960372
Revival: Seizing Control of Industrial Labor374
Party Rectification and Education376
The Sino-Soviet Split378
The Great Leap Forward as a Social Movement380
20The Cultural Revolution, 1966-1976383
Mao's Aims and Resources385
Role of the People's Liberation Army387
How the Cultural Revolution Unfolded389
The Red Guards392
The Seizure of Power393
Foreign Affairs395
Decentralization and the Third Front397
The Succession Struggle400
The Cultural Revolution in Retrospect401
21The Post-Mao Reform Era406
Epilogue: China at the Close of the Century457
Note on Romanization and Citation472
Suggested Reading473
Publisher's Note429
Illustration Credits531
Author Index535
General Index545

What People are Saying About This

This new edition is superb. The interpretative themes structuring Goldman's concluding chapter are strong and convincing. Illuminating comparisons are drawn between the Deng Xiaoping and earlier eras. Although not soft-pedaling the insistently authoritarian character of China's leadership in the political realm, Goldman takes due note of the impressive gains in personal freedom that marked the Deng years. A compelling history. Authoritative, cogent, and skillful.

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