In this volume, writers demonstrate how opposition to the expansion of democracy has shaped the American tradition as much as movements for social and political change. By foregrounding those who have been marginalized in U.S society as well as the powerful, these historians and scholars argue for an alternative vision of American freedom that confronts the limitations, failings, and contradictions of U.S. power. Their work provides crucial insight into the role of the United States in this latest age of American empire and the importance of different and oppositional visions of American democracy and freedom.
At a time of intense disillusionment with U.S. politics and of increasing awareness of the costs of empire, these contributors argue that responsible historical scholarship can challenge the blatant manipulation of discourses on freedom. They call for careful and conscientious scholarship not only to illuminate contemporary problems but also to act as a bulwark against mythmaking in the service of cynical political ends.
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About the Author
Penny Von Eschen is professor of history and American culture at the University of Michigan. She is the author of Race Against Empire: Black Americans and Anticolonialism, 1937-1957 and Satchmo Blows Up the World: Jazz Ambassadors Play the Cold War. She is currently working on a transnational history of Cold War memory, as well as a study of the global circulation of American culture in the post-World War II era.
Table of ContentsAcknowledgments
Introduction, by Manisha Sinha and Penny Von Eschen
1. An Alternative Tradition of Radicalism: African American Abolitionists and the Metaphor of Revolution, by Manisha Sinha
2. Isaiah Rynders and the Ironies of Popular Democracy in Antebellum New York, by Tyler Anbinder
3. Leave of Court: African American Claims-Making in the Era of Dred Scott v. Sanford, by Martha S. Jones
4. City Women: Slavery and Resistance in Antebellum St. Louis, by Martha Saxton
5. Free Soil, Free Labor, and Free Markets: Antebellum Merchant Clerks, Industrial Statistics, and the Tautologies of Profit, by Michael Zakim
6. Make "Every Slave Free, and Every Freeman a Voter": The African American Construction of Suffrage Discourse in the Age of Emancipation, by Xi Wang
7. Making It Fit: The Federal Government, Liberal Individualism, and the American West", by Melinda Lawson
8. Reconstructing the Empire of Cotton: A Global Story, by Sven Beckert
9. Cuba Libre and American Imperial Nationalism: Conflicting Views of Racial Democracy in the Post-Reconstruction United States, by Alessandra Lorini
10. Transnational Solidarities: The Sacco and Vanzetti Case in Global Perspective, by Lisa McGirr
11. "An Ironic Testimony to the Value of American Democracy": Assimilationism and the World War II Internment of Japanese Americans, by Mae M. Ngai
12. Student Protest, "Law and Order," and the Origins of African American Studies in California, by Martha Biondi
13. Duke Ellington Plays Baghdad: Rethinking Hard and Soft Power from the Outside In, by Penny Von Eschen
14. The Story of American FreedomBefore and After 9/11, by Eric Foner
Afterword: "From the Archives and from the Heart", by David W. Blight
Notes on Contributors
What People are Saying About This
Eric Foner writes history that matters, and so do his students. Contested Democracy tests America's great ideal against the often grim realities of the American experience. Taking aim at the contradictions and lacunaethe failure of Americans to live up to their own standardsFoner's students honor their mentor in sparkling explorations of the yet unfinished revolution. At a time when the language of democracy is cynically employed in the service of tyranny, Contested Democracy provides a bracing refresher in the long struggle to secure the ideal.
Ira Berlin, Distinguished University Professor, University of Maryland
These strong essays, inspired by the scholarship and teaching of Eric Foner, examine the contestsfrom the era of the revolution to the twentieth centuryout of which freedom, democracy, and justice are established, sustained, limited, and expanded. There is no more important theme in American history, and it is wonderfully illuminated in these essays. The contributors all entered the profession in the closing decade of the twentieth century, and with these essays, which dig deeply into the conditions and ideologies of power and resistance, they are already reshaping our century's understanding of American history.
Thomas Bender, New York University