Pub. Date:
Springer Netherlands
Converging Technologies for Improving Human Performance: Nanotechnology, Biotechnology, Information Technology and Cognitive Science / Edition 1

Converging Technologies for Improving Human Performance: Nanotechnology, Biotechnology, Information Technology and Cognitive Science / Edition 1


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This book describes the vast opportunity created by unifying science and integrating technology, and recommends transforming ideas for individuals and society. We stand at the threshold of a new renaissance in knowledge based on the structure and behavior of matter from the nanoscale up to the most complex system yet discovered, the human brain. Unification of science based on unity in nature and its holistic investigation will lead to technological convergence and a more efficient societal structure for reaching human goals. In the early decades of the twenty-first century, concentrated effort can bring together nanotechnology, biotechnology, information technology, and new humane technologies based in cognitive science. With proper attention to ethical issues and societal needs, rapid advances in convergent technologies have the potential to enhance both human performance and productivity. Examples of payoffs will include improving work efficiency and learning, enhancing individual sensory and cognitive capabilities, revolutionary changes in healthcare, improving both individual and group efficiency, highly effective communication techniques including brain to brain interaction, perfecting human-machine interfaces, enhancing human capabilities for defense purposes, reaching sustainable development using NBIC tools, and ameliorating the physical and cognitive decline that is common to the aging mind.

This is the first book addressing the convergence of technologies in coherence with social sciences, with a focus on people. Science and technology will increasingly dominate the world, as population, resource exploitation, and potential social conflict grow. Therefore, the success of this convergent technologies priority area is seen as crucial to the future of humanity.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781402012549
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Publication date: 04/30/2003
Edition description: 2003
Pages: 468
Product dimensions: 6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 0.04(d)

Table of Contents

Executive Summaryix
2.Timely and Broad Opportunity2
3.Vision for Enhancing Human Abilities and Societal Performance4
4.Strategies for Transformation7
5.Towards Unifying Science and Converging Technology10
6.Major Themes13
7.Future Prospects16
General Statements and Visionary Projects29
A.Motivation and Outlook29
Theme A Summary29
National Strategy towards Converging Science and Technology31
Converging Technologies and Competitiveness33
Vision for the Converging Technologies36
Zone of Convergence Between Bio/Info/Nano Technologies: NASA's Nanotechnology Initiative55
Biomedicine Eyes 202060
Balancing Opportunities and Investments for NBIC67
The Impact of Convergent Technologies and the Future of Business and the Economy71
Coherence and Divergence of Megatrends in Science and Engineering79
B.Expanding Human Cognition and Communication97
Theme B Summary97
NBICS (Nano-Bio-Info-Cogno-Socio) Convergence to Improve Human Performance: Opportunities and Challenges101
Sensor System Engineering Insights on Improving Human Cognition and Communication117
Can Nanotechnology Dramatically Affect the Architecture of Future Communications Networks?120
Spatial Cognition and Converging Technologies122
Visual Language and Converging Technologies in the Next 10-15 Years (and Beyond)141
Sociable Technologies: Enhancing Human Performance when the computer is not a tool but a companion150
Visionary Projects
Socio-tech: the Predictive Science of Societal Behavior158
Breaking the Limits on Design Complexity161
Enhancing Personal Area Sensory and Social Communication Through Converging Technologies164
The Consequences of Fully Understanding the Brain166
User-Interface Olympics: Using Competition to Drive Innovation170
Accelerating Convergence of Biotechnology, Nanotechnology, and Information Technology174
C.Improving Human Health and Physical Capabilities179
Theme C Summary
Nanobiotechnology and Life Extension182
The Nano-Bio Connection and Its Implication for Human Performance191
Gene Therapy: Reinventing the Wheel or Useful Adjunct to Existing Paradigms?194
Implications of the Continuum of Bioinformatics207
Sensory replacement and sensory substitution: Overview and prospects for the future213
Vision Statement: Interacting Brain224
Focusing the possibilities of Nanotechnology for Cognitive Evolution and Human Performance227
Science and Technology and the Triple D (Disease, Disability, Defect)232
Visionary Projects
Brain-Machine Interface via a Neurovascular Approach244
Human-Machine Interaction: Potential Impact of Nanotechnology in the Design of Neuroprosthetic Devices Aimed at Restoring or Augmenting Human Performance251
Nanotechnology: The Merging of Diagnostics and Treatment255
Artificial Brains and Natural Intelligence256
Converging Technologies for Physiological Self-regulation260
Improving Quality of Life of Disabled People using Converging Technologies270
D.Enhancing Group and Societal Outcomes275
Theme D Summary275
Cognition, Social Interaction, Communication and Convergent Technologies277
Engineering the Science of Cognition to Enhance Human Performance281
Engineering of Mind for Enhancing Human Productivity281
Making Sense of the World: Convergent Technologies for Environmental Science294
Fundamentally New Manufacturing Processes and Products300
Visionary Projects
The Communicator: Enhancement of Group Communication, Efficiency and Creativity302
Enhanced Knowledge-Based Human Organization and Social Change307
A Vision for the Aircraft of the 21st Century313
Memetics: A Potential New Science318
E.National Security327
Theme E Summary327
Cognitive Readiness: An Important Research Focus for National Security330
DARPA's Programs in Enhancing Human Performance337
NBIC for Homeland Defense: Chemical/Biological/Radiological/Explosive (CBRE) Detection/Protection341
Future Roles for Science and Technology in Counterterrorism344
Nanotechnology and the Department of Defense349
Advanced Military Education and Training351
Visionary Projects
High-performance Warfighter352
Non-Drug Treatments for Enhancement of Human Performance355
Brain-Machine Interface357
Nano-Bio-Info-Cogno as Enabling Technology for Uninhabited Combat Vehicles359
Data Linkage and Threat Anticipation Tool361
F.Unifying Science and Education363
Theme F Summary363
Combining the Social and the Nanotech: A Model for Converging Technologies367
Breadth, Depth and Academic Nano-Niches373
Unifying Principles in Complex Systems380
Mind Over Matter in an Era of Convergent Technologies410
Converging Technology and Education for Improving Human Performance412
Visionary Projects
Converging Technologies: A K-12 Education Vision416
Expanding the Trading Zones for Convergent Technologies424
Biological Language Modeling: Convergence of computational linguistics and biological chemistry428
A.List of Participants and Contributors439
B.Index of Authors445
C.Index of Topics457

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