Corridor Ecology, Second Edition: Linking Landscapes for Biodiversity Conservation and Climate Adaptation

Corridor Ecology, Second Edition: Linking Landscapes for Biodiversity Conservation and Climate Adaptation

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Overview

Migrating wildlife species across the globe face a dire predicament as their traditional migratory routes are cut off by human encroachment. Forced into smaller and smaller patches of habitat, they must compete more aggressively for dwindling food resources and territory. This is more than just an unfortunate side effect of human progress. As key species populations dwindle, ecosystems are losing resilience and face collapse, and along with them, the ecosystem services we depend on. Healthy ecosystems need healthy wildlife populations. One possible answer? Wildlife corridors that connect fragmented landscapes.

This new and expanded second edition of Corridor Ecology: Linking Landscapes for Biodiversity Conservation and Climate Adaptation captures the many advances in the field over the past ten years. It builds on concepts presented in the first edition on the importance and practical details of maintaining and restoring land connectivity. New to this edition is a guest-edited chapter on ecological connectivity in oceans, including a detailed discussion on pelagic marine corridors and how coastal corridors can provide critical connectivity between marine protected areas. Another new chapter considers the effects of climate change on habitat and offers recommendations on designing effective corridors as landscapes change with shifting climate conditions. The book also includes a discussion of corridors in the air for migrating flying species, from birds to bats, butterflies, and even plant propagules—a concept so new that a term to describe it has yet to be coined. All chapters are thoroughly revised and updated.

Practitioners as well as serious scholars of landscape ecology and the science of protecting biodiversity will find this new edition of corridor ecology science an indispensable resource.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781610919517
Publisher: Island Press
Publication date: 04/23/2019
Edition description: Second Edition, New Edition
Pages: 350
Sales rank: 185,178
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Jodi A. Hilty is president and chief scientist of the Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative, in Canmore, Alberta. Annika T. H. Keeley is a postdoctoral scholar at the University of California, Berkeley. Dr. William Z. Lidicker is Professor of Integrative Biology and Curator of Mammals Emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley. Adina M. Merenlender is a cooperative extension specialist at the University of California, Berkeley, and president-elect of the Society for Conservation Biology.

Table of Contents

Foreword xi

Preface xiii

Introduction 1

Chapter 1 Background: Habitat Loss, Fragmentation, and Climate Change 6

Human-Induced Change and Habitat Loss 7

Climate Change Overview 9

Limitations to Protected Areas 13

Reconnecting Our Planet 14

Growth of Connectivity Science and Practice 16

Chapter 2 The Ecological Framework 19

Island Biogeography 19

Metapopulation Theory: Conceptual History 24

Metapopulation Processes 30

Dispersal 30

The Demography of Extinction 36

Genetic Structuring 40

A Longer-Term Perspective 44

Metacommunity Theory 47

Beyond Metacommunities: Landscape and Ecoscape Concepts 52

Chapter 3 Understanding Fragmentation 55

Natural versus Human-Induced Fragmentation 55

Speed and Pattern of Change 56

Consequences of Human-Induced Fragmentation 58

Changes in Species Composition of Patches 63

Genetic Considerations Affecting Species Extinction 66

Role of the Matrix 67

Edges and Edge Effects 73

Chapter 4 Approaches to Achieving Habitat Connectivity 90

What Is a Corridor? 90

Types of Corridors 93

Riparian Areas 101

Corridors for Individual Species Conservation 102

Corridor Complexities 104

Biological Benefits 108

Benefits to Humans 112

Chapter 5 Corridor Design Objectives 116

Focal Species Considerations 117

Habitat Requirements 120

Dispersal Considerations 122

Generalist versus Specialist 123

Behavioral Factors 123

Sensitivity to Human Activity 124

Physical Limitations 125

Topography and Microclimate for Climate-Wise Connectivity 127

Corridor Quality; Continuity, Composition, and Dimension 129

Continuous Corridors 129

Stepping-Stone Connectivity 132

Habitat Quality 134

Corridor Dimensions 136

Landscape Configuration 139

Riparian Corridors 141

Hydrologic Habitat Connectivity: Structural, Functional, and Ecological 142

Ecological Networks for Conservation 144

Chapter 6 Potential Malls or Disadvantages of Linking Landscapes 146

Impacts of Edge Effects 148

Corridors as Biotic Filters 148

Facilitation of Invasions 151

Invasions of Deleterious Native Species 153

Demographic Impacts 155

Social Behavior 157

Negative Genetic Effects 158

Conflicting Ecological Objectives 160

Economic Considerations 161

Chapter 7 Identifying, Prioritizing, and Assessing Habitat Connectivity 164

Establishing Collaborations 164

Addressing Scale 165

Identifying Terrestrial Corridors for Conservation and Restoration 167

Prioritization 178

Climate Resilience Benefits 185

Assessing Corridors 186

Caveats 193

Chapter 8 Climate-Wise Connectivity 195

Principles of Climate Space 196

Designing Climate-Wise Connectivity 205

Including Refugia in Climate-Wise Connectivity Design 210

Estimating Range Shifts Using Species Distribution Modeling 210

Recommendations 214

Chapter 9 Ecological Connectivity in the Ocean Mark H. Carr Elliott L. Hazen 216

What Constitutes Pelagic Connectivity and Corridors? 217

Where Are the Major Pelagic Marine Corridors 219

Threats to Pelagic Corridors and Potential Conservation Approaches 222

What Constitutes Connectivity and Corridors in the Coastal Ocean? 226

Threats to Coastal Species, Ecosystems, and their Connectivity 233

Implications of Coastal Corridors for Species and Biodiversity Conservation 234

Chapter 10 Protecting and Restoring Corridors 238

Opportunities and Challenges 239

Law and Policy Mechanisms 243

Stewardship of Working Lands 245

Private Land Conservation 248

Types of Agreements 248

Restoring Land 251

Lessons from Corridor Projects 253

Conclusion 274

References 283

About the Authors 337

Index 339

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