Critical Issues in Crime and Justice: Thought, Policy, and Practice / Edition 2 available in Paperback
A comprehensive, provocative overview of the origins and present state of issues and perspectives in criminal justice and criminology from leading scholars in the field
In this important book of essays, leading scholars explore the gamut of topics in criminal justice and criminology, examining both historical and contemporary material to illustrate the past and present of each topic covered. Drawing on a wide range of sources, Mary Maguire and Dan Okada illustrate the breadth of research, policy, and practice implications in key areas of the field, such as crime theory, law enforcement, jurisprudence, corrections, and criminal justice organization and management. . The coverage of concepts, insights, voices, and perspectives is geared toward students with a background in criminal justice or criminology courses to challenge them to synthesize what they have learned, to question standard interpretations, and to begin to create new directions and visions for their future careers as professionals in the field.
|Edition description:||Second Edition|
|Product dimensions:||6.90(w) x 9.90(h) x 1.00(d)|
About the Author
Mary Maguire is the associate dean of the College of Health and Human Services at California State University Sacramento where she previously served as a Professor and the Chair of the Division of Criminal Justice and the Director of the Center for Justice and Policy Research. Her research interests include moral panic and public policy, as well as issues related to the incarceration movement in the United States, including drugs, race, class and programs for those at risk for offending. Selected publications include: A False Sense of Security: Moral Panic Driven Sex Offender Legislation, Corrections in California: The California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, and The Prevalence of Mental Illness in California Sex Offenders on Parole: A comparison of Those Who Recidivated with a New Sex Crime Versus Those Who Did Not. In addition to Critical Issues in Crime and Justice, she has three editions of Annual Editions: Drugs, Society, and Behavior. She served as the Book Review Editor for Contemporary Justice Review and is the past President of the Western Society of Criminology. In addition to numerous student programs, Dr. Maguire started a Project Rebound site, a prison to university pipeline, at Sacramento State and continues to advance issues of justice and equity.
Dan Okada is a professor in the Division of Criminal Justice at California State University Sacramento. He has professed criminal justice at Long Beach State University and Marist College (in Poughkeepsie New York). He is past editor-in-chief of Contemporary Justice Review and is a past president of Justice Studies Association. Both efforts promoting social, transformative, and restorative justice and peacemaking criminology. His work revolves around juvenile and restorative justice, while his play centers on doing as little damage to others as possible.
Table of Contents
PART I: Criminal Justice and Criminological ParadigmsChapter 1: Introduction: The Linearity of Contemporary Criminal Justice Thought: Perspective, Context, and Direction - Dan Okada and Mary MaguireChapter 2: The Importance of Ethics in Criminal Justice - Cyndi Banks Police Ethics Discrimination Legal Ethics Punishment Correctional Ethics Ethical Criminal Justice Policy Making Analyzing Ethical Dilemmas Conclusion Discussion QuestionsChapter 3: Criminological Theory and Crime Explanation - Dan Okada Science/Society/Law/Crime/Criminology Micro-Level Analyses Macro-Level Analyses Conclusion Discussion QuestionsChapter 4: Unleashing the Power of Criminal Justice Theory - Peter B. Kraska The Power of Criminal Justice Theory for Our Discipline Criminal Justice: A Worthy Object of Theorizing Developing a Useful Theoretical Infrastructure The Power of Theory to Transform Consciousness The Power of Theory to Affect Public Explanations Conclusion: Embracing Criminal Justice Theory Discussion QuestionsChapter 5: Victimology - Leah E. Daigle Introduction The Typical Victimization and Victim The Costs of Victimization System Costs Mental Health Consequences and Costs Fear of Crime Recurring Victimization Theories of Victimization Routine Activities and Lifestyles Theory Structural Causes of Victimization Caring for the Victim Victim Remedies and Services Summary Discussion QuestionsPART II: Offenses and OffendersChapter 6: Juvenile Delinquency - David L. Parry What is Delinquency? How Much Delinquency? Adolescent Development, Risk Factors, and Pathways to Delinquency Conclusion Discussion QuestionsChapter 7: Gender Matters: Trends in Girls’ Criminality - Meda Chesney-Lind Crime Wave? Delinquency: Gender Matters Girls’ Crime, Girls’ Offenses Girls’ Violence: When She Was Bad Running Away: Girls Coping With Trauma and Abuse Wild in the Streets: Girls, Drugs, and Alcohol Shoplifting: You Shoplift as You Shop Conclusion Discussion QuestionsChapter 8: Race and Crime - Helen Taylor Greene Definitional Issues Theoretical Perspectives on Race and Crime Contemporary Race and Crime Issues Future Issues in the Study of Race and Crime Discussion QuestionsChapter 9: Popular Culture, Media, and Crime - Richelle S. Swan Introduction Popular Theoretical Approaches to the Study of Popular Culture, Media, and Crime Popular Methodological Approaches Used in the Study of Popular Culture, Media, and Crime Important Research Themes in Studies of Popular Culture, Media, and Crime Framing Gone Extreme: Moral Panics about Crime, Delinquency, and Popular Culture Effects of Popular Culture and Media Consumption on Crime Being Framed: The Skewed Representation of Social Groups in Crime, Media, and Entertainment Mediating Oneself: Using Media and Popular Cultural Forms to Communicate Messages about Crime and Justice Discussion QuestionsChapter 10: Crime and Economics: Consumer Culture, Criminology, and the Politics of Exclusion - Stephen L. Muzzatti Introduction: A Spectre Is Haunting Criminology . . . Reading the Profane: Theorizing Crime and Capitalism Banality and Viciousness in Late Modernity Youth and the Vicissitudes of Late Modernity Consuming Crime and Culture Late Modernity, Crime, and Pseudo-Pacification Selling Crime, Marketing Transgression, and Commodifying Violence Conclusion: Nothing to Lose but Our Chains Discussion QuestionsChapter 11: Gangs, Serious Gang Problems, and Criminal Justice: What to Do? - James C. Howell and Megan Q. Howell Introduction Gang Definitions Key Indicators of Serious Gang Activity Contexts of Serious Gang Violence Discussion of Program Implications Discussion QuestionsChapter 12: Sex Crimes - Mary Maguire Sex Crimes Defined Theoretical Explanations Criminal Justice Response to Sex Crimes Conclusion Discussion QuestionsChapter 13: Terrorism and the Criminal Justice System: Questions, Issues, and Current Applicable Law - Sharla J. “Kris” Cook and Timothy A. Capron Introduction Fighting Terrorism Effectively in a Constitutional Democracy Surveillance and Detection Detention and Treatment of Suspected Terrorists Drone Strikes Court Challenges The Latest Developments Discussion QuestionsChapter 14: Developments in Cyber Criminology - Johnny Nhan and Michael Bachmann The Emergence of Cyber Criminology Defining and Classifying Cybercrimes The Internet Space and Jurisdiction Policing and Social Control on the Internet Security Versus Privacy Cyber Rights and Cybercrime: The Case of Hacking Methodological Challenges in Researching Cybercrime Theoretical Challenges in Cybercrime Research Conclusion: Toward a Conceptual Model of Cyber Criminology Discussion QuestionsChapter 15: Comparative Criminology and Criminal Justice - Philip L. Reichel Why Compare? Comparative Criminology Comparative Criminal Justice Comparative Studies in the Coming Years Conclusion Discussion QuestionsPART III: Policing and Law EnforcementChapter 16: A History of American Policing - Craig D. Uchida The Roots of Modern Policing Law Enforcement in the West Forming the New Police in England American Police Systems Policing in the 19th Century Police Work Reforming the Police Becoming Professionals Technology Development Turbulent Times: America in the 1960s The Legacy of the 1960s Community Policing Conclusion Discussion QuestionsChapter 17: Police Theory - John Crank, Dawn M. Irlbeck, and Connie M. Koski Normative–Rational Theory Institutional Theory Conflict Theory Postmodernism Conclusion Discussion QuestionsChapter 18: Contemporary Police and Society - Gennaro F. Vito Introduction The British Paradigm: Balancing Democratic Principles and the Military Model Conclusion Discussion QuestionsChapter 19: Police Organization and Administration - Thomas W. Nolan Origins of the Structural Model of Police Organizations Police Organization: The Militarization of the Police Police Organization: Subculture, Ethos, and Milieu Organization and Subculture: Initiation and Masculinism Organizational Subculture and Moral Superiority Police Organization: Autonomy and Authoritarianism Police Administration and the Civil Service Police Administration and Unions Conclusion Discussion QuestionsPART IV: Policy and JurisprudenceChapter 20: Public Policy - Frank P. Williams III and Janice Ahmad Public Policy: The Formal Version Sources of Criminal Justice Policy Public PolicyAs It Is in Practice The Use and Misuse of Public Policy The Policy Implications of Public Policy Conclusion Discussion QuestionsChapter 21: American Courts - Cassia Spohn Supreme Court Decisions and American Courts The Sentencing Reform Movement Specialized or Problem-Solving Courts: A Focus on Drug Courts Conclusion: Policy Implications Discussion QuestionsChapter 22: The Juvenile Justice System - Randall G. Shelden Detention Centers Special Issues Facing the Juvenile Justice System The Racial Composition of Juvenile Institutions Conclusion: The Future of the Juvenile Court Discussion QuestionsPART V: Corrections and Societal ResponseChapter 23: The Philosophical and Ideological Underpinnings of Corrections - Anthony Walsh and Ilhong Yun What Is Corrections? The Theoretical Underpinnings of Corrections A Short History of Correctional Punishment The Emergence of the Classical School The Emergence of Positivism The Function of Punishment The Objectives of Corrections The Past, Present, and Future of Corrections Summary Discussion QuestionsChapter 24: Community Corrections, Rehabilitation, Reintegration, and Reentry - Traqina Emeka and Marilyn D. Mc Shane Introduction Probation: Progressive Reform and the Promise of Rehabilitation Parole as Reward or Relief Assessment and Prediction: Risk and Stakes Worse Than Prison? Reintegration and Reentry Factors Correlated With Community Supervision Success and Failure Ongoing Debates and Policy Implications Discussion QuestionsChapter 25: Restorative Justice in Theory - Lois Presser and Kyle Letteney What Is Restorative Justice? Conclusion Discussion QuestionsChapter 26: Garbage In, Garbage Out? Convict Criminology, the Convict Code, and Participatory Prison Reform - Alan Mobley Mass Incarceration in America Convict Criminology The Convict Code Factors Undermining the Convict Code/Formal Structure A New Code Discussion Questions