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The world reacted with horror to the images of the looting of the National Museum in Iraq in 2003 - closely followed by other museums and then, largely unchecked, or archaeological sites across the country. This outcome had been predicted by many archaeologists, with some offering to work directly with the military to identify museums and sites to be avoided and protected. However, this work has since been heavily criticised by others working in the field,who claim that such collaboration lended a legitimacy to the invasion. It has therefore served to focus on the broader issue of whether archaeologists and other cultural heritage experts should ever work with the military,and, if so, under what guidelines and strictures.
The essays in this book, drawn from a series of international conferences and seminars on the debate, provide an historical background to the ethical issues facing cultural heritage experts, and place them in a wider context. How do medical and religious experts justify their close working relationships with the military? Is all contact with those engaged in conflict wrong? Does working with the military really constitute tacit agreement with military and political goals, or can it be seen as contributing to the winning of a peace rather than success in war? Are guidelines required to help define roles and responsibilities? And can conflict situations be seen as simply an extension of protecting cultural property on military training bases? The book opens and addresses these and other questions as matters of crucial debate.

Contributors: Peter Stone, Margaret M. Miles, Fritz Allhoff, Andrew Chandler, Oliver Urquhart Irvine, Barney White-Spunner, René Teijgeler, Katharyn Hanson, Martin Brown, Laurie Rush, Francis Scardera, Caleb Adebayo Folorunso, Derek Suchard, Joanne Farchakh Bajjaly, John Curtis, Jon Price, Mike Rowlands, Iain Shearer

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781843835387
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer, Limited
Publication date: 05/19/2011
Series: Heritage Matters Series , #4
Pages: 240
Product dimensions: 7.00(w) x 9.70(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Head of School, School of Arts and Cultures, Newcastle University; Professor of Heritage Studies

Andrew Chandler is Director of the George Bell Institute and Reader in Modern History at the University of Chichester.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations vii

Acknowledgements ix

List of abbreviations x

Introduction: The Ethical Challenges for Cultural Heritage Experts Working with the Military Peter Stone 1

1 Still in the Aftermath of Waterloo: A Brief History of Decisions about Restitution Margaret M Miles 29

2 Physicians at War: Lessons for Archaeologists? Fritz Allhoff 43

3 Christian Responsibility and the Preservation of Civilisation in Wartime: George Bell and the Fate of Germany in World War II Andrew Chandler 55

4 Responding to Culture in Conflict Oliver Urquhart Irvine 70

5 How Academia and the Military can Work Together Barney White-Spunner 79

6 Archaeologist under Pressure: Neutral or Cooperative in Wartime Rene Teijgeler 86

7 Ancient Artefacts and Modern Conflict: A Case Study of Looting and Instability in Iraq Katharyn Hanson 113

8 Whose Heritage? Archaeology, Heritage and the Military Martin Brown 129

9 Military Archaeology in the US: A Complex Ethical Decision Laurie Rush 139

10 Akwesasne - Where the Partridges Drum to Fort Drum: Consultation with Native Communities, an Evolving Process Francis Scardera 152

11 Heritage Resources and Armed Conflicts: An African Perspective Caleb Adebayo Folorunso 158

12 Human Shields: Social Scientists on Point in Modern Asymmetrical Conflicts Derek Suchard 172

13 Politicians: Assassins of Lebanese Heritage? Archaeology in Lebanon in Times of Armed Conflict Joanne Farchakh Bajjaly 182

14 Relations between Archaeologists and the Military in the Case of Iraq: Foreword Iain Shearer 192

Relations between Archaeologists and the Military in the Case of Iraq John Curtis 193

Responses to 'Relations between Archaeologists and the Military in the Case of Iraq' Jon Price Mike Rowlands Laurie W Rush Rene Teijgeler 200

Relations between Archaeologists and the Military in the Case of Iraq - Reply to Price, Rowlands, Rush, and Teijgeler John Curtis 214

List of Contributors 218

Index 223

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