The pivotal idea in Tönnies work is the observation that custom, like its individual counterpart habit, has three distinct aspects: a fact-an actual way of conduct; a norm-a general rule of conduct; and a will. The analysis, extended into the field of collective behavior, helps to explain how far custom can be regarded as a manifestation of a common will.
Custom is a classic contribution in the grand canon of law and society scholarship. Moreover, the volume introduces several key elements of Tönnies' work focusing on broader sociological thought, which benefits both the theoretical understanding of law as an object of social science reflection, as well as provides empirical insights into the roles of law in society.
About the Author
Ferdinand Tönnies (1855–1936) was a German sociologist most famous for studying the distinction between Gemeinschaft (community) and Gesellschaft (society) who also served as a lecturer at the University of Kiel.
Mathieu Deflem is professor of sociology at the University of South Carolina. His writings on law, theory, and culture have appeared in multiple journals and books.
Table of Contents
Introduction to the Transaction Edition,by Mathieu Deflem
Preface,by A. Farrell Borenstein
Introduction,by R. Heberle
Custom: An Essay on Social Codes,by Ferdinand To;nnies