Cyberdeterrence and Cyberwar

Cyberdeterrence and Cyberwar

by Martin C. Libicki

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781441776891
Publisher: Blackstone Audio, Inc.
Publication date: 12/01/2010
Edition description: Unabridged
Pages: 5
Product dimensions: 5.20(w) x 5.80(h) x 0.70(d)

About the Author

MARTIN C. LIBICKI is a senior management scientist at the Rand Corporation whose research and analysis focuses on the relationship of information technology to national and domestic security. Selected publications include How Terrorist Groups End: Lessons for Countering al Qa'ida and Conquest in Cyberspace: National Security and Information Warfare. He previously taught at the National Defense University and received his Ph.D. from the University of California at Berkeley in 1978.

ERIK SANDVOLD, award-winning actor and narrator, graduated with honors from Northwestern University's theater department. His wide-ranging résumé includes major roles with leading theater companies in Colorado; over thirty national, regional, and local television commercials; many short and feature-length films; and the narration of over five hundred books and countless magazine articles for the Library of Congress.

Table of Contents

Preface iii

Figures ix

Tables xi

Summary xiii

Acknowledgements xxi

Abbreviations xxiii

Chapter 1 Introduction 1

Purpose 5

Basic Concepts and Monograph Organization 6

Chapter 2 A Conceptual Framework 11

The Mechanisms of Cyberspace 12

External Threats 13

Internal Threats 20

Insiders 20

Supply Chain 21

In Sum 22

Defining Cyberattack 23

Defining Cyberdeterrence 27

Chapter 3 Why Cyberdeterrence Is Different 39

Do We Know Who Did It? 41

Can We Hold Their Assets at Risk? 52

Can We Do So Repeatedly? 56

If Retaliation Does Not Deter, Can It at Least Disarm? 59

Will Third Parties Join the Fight? 62

Does Retaliation Send the Right Message to Our Own Side? 64

Do We Have a Threshold for Response? 65

Can We Avoid Escalation? 69

What If the Attacker Has Little Worth Hitting? 70

Yet the Will to Retaliate Is More Credible for Cyberspace 71

A Good Defense Adds Further Credibility 73

Chapter 4 Why the Purpose of the Original Cyberattack Matters 75

Error 76

Oops 76

No, You Started It 77

Rogue Operators 78

The Command-and-Control Problem 78

Coercion 79

Force 82

Other 86

Implications 90

Chapter 5 A Strategy of Response 91

Should the Target Reveal the Cyberattack? 92

When Should Attribution Be Announced? 93

Should Cyberretaliation Be Obvious? 94

Is Retaliation Better Late Than Never? 96

Retaliating Against State-Tolerated Freelance Hackers 98

What About Retaliating Against CNE? 102

Should Deterrence Be Extended to Friends? 104

Should a Deterrence Policy Be Explicit? 106

Can Insouciance Defeat the Attackers Strategy? 108

Confrontation Without Retaliation 109

The Attackers Perspective 112

Signaling to a Close114

Chapter 6 Strategic Cyberwar 117

The Purpose of Cyberwar 118

The Plausibility of Cyberwar 121

The Limits of Cyberwar 122

The Conduct of Cyberwar 125

Cyberwar as a Warning Against Cyberwar 126

Preserving a Second-Strike Capability 127

Sub-Rosa Cyberwar? 128

A Government Role in Defending Against Cyberwar 129

Managing the Effects of Cyberwar 131

Terminating Cyberwar 135

Conclusions 137

Chapter 7 Operational Cyberwar 139

Cyberwar as a Bolt from the Blue 143

Dampening the Ardor for Network-Centric Operations 149

Attacks on Civilian Targets 153

Organizing for Operational Cyberwar 154

Conclusions 158

Chapter 8 Cyberdefense 159

The Goal of Cyberdefense 160

Architecture 165

Policy 167

Strategy 169

Operations 170

Hardware 171

Deception 171

Red Teaming 173

Conclusions 173

Chapter 9 Tricky Terrain 175

Appendixes 179

A What Constitutes an Act of War in Cyberspace? 179

B The Calculus of Explicit Versus Implicit Deterrence 183

C The Dim Prospects for Cyber Arms Control 199

References 203

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