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Designing and Conducting Your First Interview Project / Edition 1

Designing and Conducting Your First Interview Project / Edition 1

by Bruce K. Friesen


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780470183519
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 05/17/2010
Series: Research Methods for the Social Sciences Series , #17
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 256
Product dimensions: 6.90(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.70(d)

About the Author

Bruce K. Friesen, PhD, is associate professor of sociology atthe University of Tampa. He has held previous faculty positions atKent State University and the University of

Calgary (Canada), among others. He is the recipient of severalteaching excellence awards.

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Table of Contents

Exhibits, Figures, and Tables vii

Preface xi

The Author xvii

1 Choosing a Topic 1

How Social Scientists Choose a Topic to Study 2

Pursuing Your Own Interests 3

Things to Consider as Your Class Chooses a Topic 5

2 Literature Review 13

An Opportunity for You to Help Humankind 14

Searching for Journal Articles 15

Conducting Your Literature Review 29

3 Refining Your Study: Concepts and Relationships 37

From Concept to Relationship 38

The Causal Model 39

Being Specific: Turning a Relationship into a Hypothesis 42

Tying Your Hypothesis Back to Your Literature Review 44

4 Developing Your Theory: Thinking Made Explicit 47

Thinking Sociologically 48

An Example 49

Logic: A Tool of the Trade 50

Assumptions of Science 55

Combining Sociological Thinking with Logic: Theorizing 55

Developing a Theory for Your Class Project 60

5 Research Design 1: Concepts and Planning 67

Validity and Reliability 68

Steps in Research Design 70

Step 1 Define Concepts 70

Step 2 Plan the Study 73

6 Research Design 2: Methods and Sampling 79

Step 3 Choose a Data Collection Method 80

Step 4 Identify Your Population and Sampling Method 86

7 The Interview Schedule: Operationalization 95

Operationalizing Variables 97

The Process of Operationalization 100

The Interview Schedule 105

8 Conducting Ethical Interviews 111

Your Own Ethical Challenge 112

Ethical Abuses in Research 113

The Development of Standards 116

9 How to Be a Good Interviewer 123

First Prep: An Attitude of Inquiry 124

A Note About Interviews 125

Critical Issues: Validity and Reliability Revisited 125

How to Collect Unreliable Data 127

How to Conduct a Great Interview 128

Reflecting on Interviews 133

10 Entering Your Data into the Computer 135

Using SPSS 136

Codebooks 137

Precoding Interviews and Surveys 140

Preparing for Data Entry 142

Entering Data: Using SPSS 142

11 Data Analysis 1: Producing Frequencies and Collapsing Variables 155

Data Analysis Begins with Asking Questions 157

Checking Your Work 175

12 Data Analysis 2: Creating Composite Variables and Cross-Tabs 179

Indices and Scales 180

Creating Cross-Tabulation Tables 191

Producing Tables to Test Your Class Hypothesis 191

13 Interpreting Your Results: Cross-Tabulation Tables 195

Reading a Cross-Tabulation Table 196

Controlling for a Third Variable 202

Controlling for a Third Variable Using SPSS 208

14 Writing Up Your Assignment 213

Doing It Right the First Time 214

Hints on Answering Questions 216

Formatting Your Paper 219

The Larger Benefits of Social Science 222

Glossary 225

Bibliography 231

Index 235

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