In the years before the Russian Revolution, diplomats across Europe were widely condemned for lacking the skills needed to cope in the international environment. They were also frequently criticized for being out of touch with public opinion and too ready to clothe their activities in a veil of secrecy. This book suggests that these charges were unfair and that in both Britain and Russia the role of diplomats and foreign ministry officials was governed by changes in the domestic political environment. While they played an important part in determining the foreign policy of their countries, their influence was often much weaker than their critics assumed.
Author Biography: Michael Hughes is Lecturer in the School of History at the University of Liverpool.
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About the Author
Michael Hughes is Lecturer in the School of History at the University of Liverpool.
Table of ContentsPreface List of Tables The Old Diplomacy and Anglo-Russian Relations The British Foreign Office and Russia The British Embassy in St Petersburg British Consuls in Russia The Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs 1894-1914 The British and Russian Diplomatic Establishments 1914-1917 Conclusion Select Bibliography Index