This book is a linguistic-cultural study of the emergence of the Jewish ghettos during the Holocaust. It traces the origins and uses of the term "ghetto" in European discourse from the sixteenth century to the Nazi regime. It examines with a magnifying glass both the actual establishment of and the discourse of the Nazis and their allies on ghettos from 1939 to 1944. With conclusions that oppose all existing explanations and cursory examinations of the ghetto, the book impacts overall understanding of the anti-Jewish policies of Nazi Germany.
|Publisher:||Cambridge University Press|
|Product dimensions:||5.70(w) x 8.60(h) x 1.00(d)|
About the Author
Dan Michman is Professor of Modern Jewish History and Chair of the Arnold and Leona Finkler Institute of Holocaust Research at Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan. He is Chief Historian at the Yad Vashem International Institute of Holocaust Research. His work has been published in 11 languages and deals with modern Jewish history and the history of Dutch Jewry, with a focus on the Holocaust. His books include Bimay Shoa Ufkuda (Days of Holocaust and Reckoning), Het Liberale Jodendom in Nederland, 1929-1943 (Liberal Jewry in the Netherlands 1929-1943), and Holocaust Historiography: A Jewish Perspective: Conceptualizations, Terminology, Approaches and Fundamental Issues, and he is co-author of Pinkas: Geschiedenis van de joodse gemeenschap in Nederland (Pinkas: The History of the Jewish Community in the Netherlands). Volumes he has edited include Post-Ziyonut ve-Shoa (Post-Zionism and the Holocaust); Belgium and the Holocaust: Germans, Belgians, Jews; Les intellectuels face ... l'affaire Dreyfus: alors et aujourd'hui (Intellectuals Responding to the Dreyfus Affair: Then and Now; co-edited with Roselyne Koren); Remembering the Holocaust in Germany, 1945-2000: German Strategies and Jewish Responses; Encyclopedia of the Righteous Among the Nations: Belgium; Hashoa Bahistoriya Hayehudit: Historiografiya, Toda'a u-Farshanut (The Holocaust in Jewish History: Historiography, Consciousness, Interpretations); and Holocaust Historiography in Context: Emergence, Challenges, Polemics and Achievements (co-edited with David Bankier).
Table of Contents
Introduction; 1. Historiography and popular understandings; 2. 'Ghetto': the source of the term and the phenomenon in the early modern era; 3. 'Ghetto' and 'ghettoization' as cultural concepts in the modern age; 4. The Nazis' anti-Jewish policy in the 1930s and the question of Jewish residential districts; 5. First references to the term 'ghetto' in the discourse of the makers of anti-Jewish policies in the Third Reich (1933-8); 6. The semantic turning point in the meaning of 'ghetto': Peter-Heinz Seraphim and Das Judentum in osteuropäischen Raum (1938); 7. The invasion of Poland and the emergence of the 'classic' ghettos; 8. Methodological interlude: the term 'ghettoization' and its use during the Holocaust itself and later scholarship; 9. Would the idea spread to other places? Amsterdam 1941, the only attempt to establish a ghetto west of Poland; 10. Ghettos during the final solution, 1941-3: the territories occupied in Operation Barbarossa; 11. Ghettos during the final solution outside the occupied Soviet Union: Poland, Theresienstadt, Amsterdam, Transnistria, Salonika and Hungary; Summary and conclusion.
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