The English author Gilbert Keith Chesterton (1874-1936) was a very prominent cultural figure at the beginning of the last century. A true intellectual freethinker who never submitted himself to conventional ideas only because they were in vogue, he was one of few who understood the false theory and dangerous ethics behind the popular eugenics movement. The aim for the eugenicists was to improve humanity and create a race of superhumans, by the use of sterilization, birth control and other means that prevented poor, sick, handicapped and criminal people from getting offspring. Of course, there were strong racist motives behind the eugenics movement as well.
Chesterton foresaw what this should lead to especially in Germany. In this collection of essays from 1922 -- one of the most important books from the beginning of the 20th century -- he warned humanity for all this.
G.K. Chesterton was one of few, but he was not alone. For a decade, there had been a small but growing criticism against social engineering motivated by racism and biologism. During the Universal Races Congress in London 1911, the German-American anthropologist Franz Boas (1858-1942) together with the African-American author, sociologist and civil rights activist W.E.B. Du Bois (1868-1963), had made a strong statement against scientific racism in sociology and politics.
The world had been warned. But not enough people listened.
|Edition description:||2nd ed.|
|Product dimensions:||5.83(w) x 8.27(h) x 0.44(d)|
About the Author
Chesterton is well known for his fictional priest-detective Father Brown, and for his reasoned apologetics. Even some of those who disagree with him have recognised the wide appeal of such works as Orthodoxy and The Everlasting Man.
Table of Contents
To The Reader
PART ONE: THE FALSE THEORY
I What is Eugenics?
II The First Obstacles
III The Anarchy from Above
IV The Lunatic and the Law
V The Flying Authority
VI The Unanswered Challenge
VII The Established Church of Doubt
VIII A Summary of a False Theory
PART TWO: THE REAL AIM
I The Impotence of Impenitence
II True History of a Tramp
III True History of a Eugenist
IV The Vengeance of the Flesh
V The Meanness of the Motive
VI The Eclipse of Liberty
VII The Transformation of Socialism
VIII The End of the Household Gods
IX A Short Chapter