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Evolution / Edition 3

Evolution / Edition 3

by Mark Ridley
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Charles Darwin started it: the debate that divided Victorian society and set the questions which shaped scientific research through the last century and into this millennium. Today, evolution is being used to explain hot topics such as cloning, long-standing mysteries such as homology, and astonishing labbench results such as the ey gene. Mark Ridley's Oxford Reader features major contributions to the universal debate by writers such as Charles Darwin, Stephen Jay Gould, Richard Dawkins, Jacques Monod, Theodosius Dobzhansky, and Francis Crick.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 2901405103458
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 09/15/2003
Edition description: REV
Pages: 778
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

About the Author

Mark Ridley works in the Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, UK, and formerly worked at Emory University, Atlanta, and the University of Cambridge, UK. He has carried out research in several areas of evolutionary biology, particularly in sexual selection and the comparative method.

Table of Contents

A.From Darwin to the modern synthesis
Section introduction7
1.Extract from an unpublished work on species, (1858)9
2.Abstract of a letter from C. Darwin, Esq., to Prof. Asa Gray, Boston, USA (1858)13
3.Weismann and modern biology, (1987)15
4.The nature of inheritance (1930)20
5.The roles of mutation, inbreeding, crossbreeding, and selection in evolution (1932)29
6.Disease and evolution (1949)37
B.Natural selection and random drift in populations
Section introduction44
7.A resume of investigations on the evolution of melanism in the Lepidoptera (1958)49
8.Melanic morph frequency in the peppered moth in the Manchester area (1999)53
9.Birth weight and gestation time in relation to maternal age, parity, and infant survival (1951)57
10.Natural selection associated with birth weight: towards the end of the stabilizing component (1992)59
11.Oscillating selection on Darwin's finches (1987)63
12.The paradox of variation (1974)67
13.Recent development of the neutral theory viewed from the Wrightian tradition of theoretical population genetics (1990)75
Section introduction82
14.The nature of adaptation (1930)85
15.Adaptation and natural selection (1966)89
16.Adaptation versus selection in progress (1986)91
17.An operational, nonhistorical definition of adaptation (1991)94
18.The genetics of adaptation: a reassessment (1992)96
19.The perfection of animals (1964)100
20.The spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian paradigm: a critique of the adaptationist programme (1979)114
21.The selfish gene (1976)123
D.Speciation and biodiversity
Section introduction131
22.Typological versus population thinking (1958)134
23.Species concepts and their application (1963)137
24.The sterility of hybrids (1859)147
25.Reproductive isolation as a product of genetic divergence and natural selection (1970)151
26.Laboratory experiments on speciation: what have we learned in 40 years? (1993)155
27.The evolutionary genetics of speciation (2000)161
28.Ecological basis of postmating isolation (2000)175
29.Hybrid speciation (1981)178
Section introduction182
30.Speciation in the fossil record (1995)185
31.Homology: an unsolved problem (1971)197
32The ey gene (1996)205
33.Molecules and morphology: where's the homology? (1995)207
34.The fundamental law of organic evolution (1905)211
35.Three poems (1951)216
F.Evolutionary genomics
Section introduction220
36.Lateral gene transfer and the nature of bacterial innovation (2000)221
37.The origins of genomic duplications in Arabidopsis (2000)231
38.Initial sequencing and analysis of the human genome (2001)237
39.Genetics and the making of Homo sapiens (2003)244
40.Co-option of eye structures and genes (1996)249
41.Planetary biology--paleontological, geological, and molecular histories of life (2002)250
G.The history of life
Section introduction258
42.From chemistry to heredity (1999)259
43.Disparate rates, differing fates: tempo and mode of evolution changed from the Precambrian to the Phanerozoic (1994)265
44.Evolutionary explosions and the phylogenetic fuse (1998)275
45.Towards a new synthesis: major evolutionary trends in the angiosperm fossil record (2000)284
H.Case studies
Section introduction292
46.An unsolved problem of biology (1951)293
47.The origin of the genetic code (1968)299
48.The maintenance of sex (1971)307
49.A caricature of seed dispersal by animal guts (1983)310
50.A pessimistic estimate of the time required for an eye to evolve (1994)317
51.Evolutionary novelty: the example of lactose synthetase (1997)326
52.The evolution of mutation rates: separating causes from consequences (2000)328
I.Human evolution
Section introduction337
53.Immunological time scale for hominid evolution (1967)340
54.Evolution at two levels in humans and chimpanzees (1975)345
55.Divergence between samples of chimpanzee and human DNA sequences is 5%, counting indels (2002)350
56.Our load of mutations (1950)354
57.On the non-existence of human races (1962)361
58.The scars of human evolution (1951)363
59.The big bang (1994)368
J.Evolution and human affairs
Section introduction383
60.Evolution's struggle for existence in America's public schools (2001)385
61.Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution (1973)400
62.The argument from design (1779)410
63.On the molecular theory of evolution (1974)412
64.Evolution and ethics (1893)418
65.Humans as the world's greatest evolutionary force (2001)421
Select bibliography434
Biographical notes437

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