Edited by David Platt, Daniel L. Akin, and Tony Merida, this new commentary series, projected to be 48 volumes, takes a Christ-centered approach to expositing each book of the Bible. Rather than a verse-by-verse approach, the authors have crafted chapters that explain and apply key passages in their assigned Bible books. Readers will learn to see Christ in all aspects of Scripture, and they will be encouraged by the devotional nature of each exposition. Exalting Jesus in Mark is written by Daniel L. Akin.
About the Author
Daniel L. Akin is the president of Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary in Wake Forest, North Carolina. He holds a Ph.D. in Humanities from the University of Texas at Arlington and is the author or editor of numerous books and Bible commentaries including Theology for the Church and the New American Commentary on 1, 2, and 3 John.
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The Good News of Jesus Christ the Son of God
Main Idea: The gospel is the good news that God has kept His promise to send a Messiah, who is Jesus Christ, the Son of God.
I. We Can Trust God to Keep His Promise (1:1-4).
A. God kept His word to send the Messiah (1:1).
B. God kept His word to send His forerunner (1:2-4).
II. We Can Trust God to Send His Preachers (1:4-8).
A. Like John we should be faithful (1:4-5).
B. Like John we need to be humble (1:6-8).
The Gospel of Matthew is written to Jews telling them that Jesus is the Messiah King who fulfills Old Testament prophecy. Mark is written to Romans telling them that Jesus is the Suffering Servant who actively ministers on our behalf and gives His life as a ransom for many. Luke is written to Greeks telling them that Jesus is the perfect Son of Man who came to save and minister to all people through the power of the Holy Spirit. John is written to the world, telling that Jesus is the fully human, fully divine Son of God in whom we must believe to receive eternal life.
The Gospel of Mark is fast moving and hard-hitting! By the far the shortest of the four Gospels, it is noted as much for what it omits as what it includes. In Mark there is no genealogy of Jesus, no miraculous birth narrative with Bethlehem and shepherds, no childhood at Nazareth or visit to the temple, no Sermon on the Mount, and few parables.
To summarize, Mark recorded, in rapid-fire succession, specific events from the life and ministry of Jesus to prove to a Roman audience that He is the Christ, the Son of God, who served, suffered, died, and rose again as the Suffering Servant of the Lord depicted by the prophet Isaiah.
As we prepare to walk through this powerful Gospel narrative concerning Jesus Christ, two questions need to be raised and answered. First, who wrote this Gospel? Second, how should we approach any of the Gospels?
The early church agreed unanimously that a man named John Mark wrote this Gospel. His mother was Mary, whose home in Jerusalem was a meeting place for believers of the early church (Acts 12:12).
The Hebrew name John means "God's gift." The Roman name Mark means "polite" or "shining." John Mark, though never mentioned by name in the Gospel, may be the naked boy of Mark 14:51-52. John Mark and his cousin Barnabas accompanied Paul on his first missionary journey (Acts 12:25), but Mark turned back before the journey ended (Acts 13:13). This irritated Paul and led to a parting with Barnabas (Acts 15:36-41). Later Paul and Mark were reconciled, and Mark was "useful" to Paul (2 Tim 4:11).
Finally, the early church affirmed Mark was the apostle Peter's interpreter. He recorded Peter's experiences with the Lord Jesus. Mark's account being especially vivid when it involves incidents with Peter supports this view.
Some Basic Presuppositions Concerning Our Gospels
How do we approach the four Gospels and, in particular, the Gospel of Mark? What presuppositions should we bring to our study?
(1) Gospels are historical and not mythological accounts. What they record really did happen. (2) They will vary because they are written by four different men. However, because they were inspired by God, all they wrote will be true. (3) Gospels are more than thematic biographical studies. They are not biographies in the modern sense. They are historical theologies of the person and work of Jesus Christ. (4) Portions may be summarized and not given as exhaustive accounts. (5) Gospels are more concerned about Christ's death than His life (more than one-fourth of each deals with the final week of His life). One scholar said Mark "is a Passion Narrative with an extended introduction" (Stein, Mark, 33).
As we begin an exciting journey through this Gospel, what does Mark want us to understand concerning the good news of Jesus Christ, the Son of God?
We Can Trust God to Keep His Promise
Jesus said in John 5:39, "You pore over the Scriptures because you think you have eternal life in them, yet they testify about Me." God had promised to send a Savior, a Deliverer, a Messiah. Mark says the time has arrived, and He has appeared, as well as the one God called to prepare the way for His arrival — Jesus Christ and John the baptizer.
God Kept His Word to Send the Messiah (Mark 1:1)
Without wasting any words, Mark gives the introduction to Mark 1:1-15 as well as the theme of the entire book: it is about good news of Jesus who is the Christ, the Son of God.
The word beginning recalls Genesis 1:1 and John 1:1. Something new and exciting has occurred. The word gospel means a message of good news or of joyful tidings. It speaks of the coming Savior who would provide salvation promised by the prophetic word. The time of God's salvation has arrived! God has kept His promise to send a Messiah.
This Messiah is "Jesus Christ, the Son of God." "Jesus" is the Greek name for the Hebrew Joshua: "Yahweh is salvation." "Christ" is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew Messiah: "the anointed one." Initially a title, "Christ" would become a common part of the name of our Lord. "Son of God" is a crucial title for the promised deliverer. It takes Christology to a higher level. Bob Stein says, "Son of God reveals Jesus' unique and unparalleled relationship with God. It is the favorite title of Mark for identifying Jesus (1:11,24; 3:11 [cf. 1:34]; 5:7; 9:7; 12:6; 13:32; 14:61-62; 15:39), and when Mark was written, it conveyed to the Christian community the idea of both preexistence and deity (cf. Phil 2:6-8; Col 1:15-20)" (Stein, Mark, 41). One cannot avoid the inescapable conclusion that Jesus is indeed God!
And of all Jesus' titles, the title "Son of God" in particular appears at significant points in the Gospel and sometimes in the mouths of some interesting personalities! Perhaps most striking is that the disciples never recognize Jesus as the Son of God in the Gospel of Mark. The demons get it right (3:11; 5:7). Even a Roman centurion understands it (15:39). Yet not until after the resurrection did the disciples get it. If Jesus' disciples failed to see it, there is hope for those who seem the furthest away from seeing it today.
There are four strategic confessions in the second Gospel: (1) Mark's assertion in 1:1: "The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God." (2) Peter's confession in 8:29: "He said to them, 'But who do you say that I am?' And Peter answered and said to Him, 'You are the Christ.'" (3) The Messiah's affirmation by the nation through the words of the high priest in 14:61-62: "Again the high priest asked Him, saying to Him, 'Are You the Christ, the Son of the Blessed?' Jesus said, 'I am. And you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Power, and coming with the clouds of heaven.'" (4) A Roman (Gentile) soldier's recognition of Jesus as the Son of God in 15:39: "Truly this Man was the Son of God!" This is how the Gospel of Mark unfolds. It begins here with the declaration that this is the "gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God."
God Kept His Word to Send His Forerunner (Mark 1:2-4)
Before the Messiah, God promises to send a forerunner. Mark 1:2-3 combines three texts, a common practice in that day, evoking the themes of the wilderness, a new exodus, and the forerunner Elijah.
The first reference is Exodus 23:20: "I am going to send an angel [messenger] before you to protect you on the way and bring you to the place I have prepared." Next he pulls from Malachi 3:1: "'See, I am going to send My messenger, and he will clear the way before Me. Then the Lord you seek will suddenly come to His temple, the Messenger of the covenant you desire — see, He is coming,' says the Lord of Hosts." The last reference is Isaiah 40:3: "A voice of one crying out: Prepare the way of the Lord in the wilderness; make a straight highway for our God in the desert."
Mark simply references the most significant and well known of the three texts, the prophet Isaiah. God has promised to send His messenger, who will prepare the way; make the road ready ahead of "You," the Messiah. He will loudly proclaim his message where God has continually met His people calling them to repentance: the wilderness. His message is simple and clear: Level the roads, make them presentable and safe, for the Lord is coming! God kept His word to send His forerunner to prepare the way for the Messiah.
We Can Trust God to Send His Preachers
The sending of John the baptizer was a fulfillment of biblical prophecy signaling a new day in "redemptive history" — which is the series of events by which God redeems His people from sin and death. The culmination of redemptive history is the cross of Christ. Three observations about John the Baptist elsewhere in Scripture are worth noting. Matthew 11:7-12,14 says,
Jesus began to speak to the crowds about John: "What did you go out into the wilderness to see? A reed swaying in the wind? What then did you go out to see? A man dressed in soft garments? Look, those who wear soft clothing are in kings' palaces. But what did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and far more than a prophet. This is the one it is written about: 'Look, I am sending My messenger ahead of You, he will prepare Your way before You.' I assure you: Among those born of women no one greater than John the Baptist has appeared; but the least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he. ... For all the prophets and the Law prophesied until John; if you are willing to accept it, he is the Elijah who is to come."
John was greatly esteemed in the eyes of our Savior. John was the Elijah to come, the one who would announce the coming of the Messiah. He was truly at a turning point in redemptive history.
While John prepared the way for the Messiah, he rightly understood his role in God's plan of redemption: "He must increase, but I must decrease" (John 3:30, emphasis added). His ministry was not about himself; it was rightly centered on Jesus Christ.
The message John declared about the Messiah was true, and many came to believe in Jesus. "Many came to Him and said, 'John never did a sign, but everything John said about this Man was true.' And many believed in Him there" (John 10:41-42, emphasis added). He was not the Savior, but he pointed many to Him.
Chuck Swindoll says these verses concerning John the Baptist give us the "profile of a strange evangelist!" Indeed! In John the Baptist we see a character and life worth emulating. The great thing is that when we do start living like John the Baptist, we end up looking a lot more like Jesus Christ in our own lives.
Like John We Should Be Faithful (Mark 1:4-5)
Mark records with his usual brevity, "John came baptizing in the wilderness." He suddenly appeared. He was "baptizing," but he was not concerned about mere ritual or ceremonial rite. The message he preached was "a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins." This baptism was preparation for the forgiveness Christ would accomplish by His death and resurrection.
In short, John's message was, "The time is now to get right with God!" Popular with some and unpopular with others, John was faithful to God! He truly lived by the dictum, "All that matters in life is that I please God."
How did the people respond? They came from everywhere to hear him, even Jerusalem! Rich and poor. Rural and urban. They responded to John's preaching by repenting (turning from sin), confessing (acknowledging their sin), and being baptized (an outward sign of humility giving evidence of the inward change of their hearts). He called people to prepare their hearts for the coming of the Messiah.
Like John We Need to Be Humble (Mark 1:6-8)
Our tendency is to want to make John's character like that of a modern man. That will not work. He was not the kind of man to be a presidential cabinet member; rather, he was a wandering preacher who lived in the wilderness. God chose a forerunner entirely different from the type we would have picked. Mark helps us take a straight and honest look at this man. Not only does he appear unusual by today's standards; he was unusual by the standards of his own day. He had no credentials, had not studied in a formal school with Pharisees or rabbis, and wore funny clothes and ate weird food!
Humble in appearance? He wore a camel-haired garment with a leather belt. Sounds like Elijah in 2 Kings 1:8.
Humble in home? He lived in the desert.
Humble in diet? He ate locusts (a clean animal; Lev 11:22) and honey. At least it was high in protein and minerals.
Humble in message? John effectively said, "One greater than me is coming [v. 7]. He is so great, I am not worthy to do what only a Gentile slave would do [v. 7]. My baptism is outward with water: a symbol. His baptism is inward with the Spirit: the real thing [v. 8]. The One who is coming is mightier than I am! He is more worthy than I am! He is more powerful than I am! I have touched your body with water. He will touch your soul with the Holy Spirit! I know who I am in God's plan. I know who He is in God's plan too!"
John would not live to 35. He would be imprisoned and beheaded. The world, no doubt, scoffed at this crazy man. Heaven, however, would smile. J. C. Ryle rightly demonstrates the implications of John's life:
The principal work of every faithful minister of the gospel, is to set the Lord Jesus fully before His people, and to show them His fullness and His power to save. The next great work He has to do, is to set before them the work of the Holy Spirit, and the need of being born again, and inwardly baptized by His grace. These two mighty truths appear to have been frequently on the lips of John the Baptist. It would be well for the church and the world, if there were more ministers like him. (Ryle, Mark, 4)
Excerpted from "Exalting Jesus in Mark"
Copyright © 2014 Daniel L. Akin.
Excerpted by permission of B&H Publishing Group.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.
Table of Contents
Series Introduction ix
The Good News of Jesus Christ the Son of God 1:1-8 3
The Baptism and Temptation of the Servant-King 1:9-13 10
Building the Kingdom of God 1:14-20 17
Why Jesus Should Have Absolute Authority in My Life? 1:21-28 24
A Day in the Life of Jesus 1:29-34 29
The Kingdom of God Marches On 1:35-45 34
Jesus of Nazareth: The God Who Forgives Sin 2:1-12 39
Jesus: The Friend of Sinners 2:13-17 46
Everything Changes with Jesus 2:18-22 52
When Man-Made Rules Get in the Way of God's Gracious Plans 2:23-28 59
It Ts Always Right to Do Good 3:1-6 63
The Pressures That Come with Faithful Ministry 3:7-21 69
The Unpardonable Sin 3:22-30 75
Who Is Part of the Family of God? 3:31-35 81
Do You Have Ears That Hear? 4:1-20 86
What Do We Learn About Jesus and His Kingdom from a Lamp, a Bunch of Seeds, and One Small Seed? 4:21-34 91
The One Who Can Control the Storm 4:35-41 97
Can the Demonized Be Delivered? 5:1-20 103
Jesus Is the Great Physician 5:21-43 111
Jesus: A Prophet Without Honor! 6:1-6 116
Advance the Kingdom 6:7-13 123
What Do You Get for Faithful Service to God? 6:14-29 128
The Feeding of the Five Thousand 6:30-44 135
Jesus: The One Who Walks on Water and Heals the Hurting 6:45-56 141
The Deadly Lures of Legalism 7:5-23 149
Jesus Christ: The God Who Astonishes Beyond Measure 7:24-37 158
Sometimes We Just Don't Get It! 8:1-26 164
The Normal Christian Life: Following and Serving the King 8:27-38 171
A Glimpse of Glory: The Transfiguration of Jesus 9:1-13 178
Lessons Learned in the Fires of Failure 9:14-29 185
The Road to True Greatness 9:30-50 191
Jesus, the Bible, Divorce, and Remarriage 10:1-12 200
Jesus Loves the Little Children (Why I Believe Children Who Die Go to Heaven) 10:13-16 211
What Must I Do to Inherit Eternal Life? (Will You Leave Everything and Follow Jesus?) 10:17-31 219
Sent to Serve (Why Did Jesus Come?) 10:32-45 227
Loving Someone Enough to Stop and Help 10:46-52 235
Here Comes Our King (The Triumphal Entry of Jesus) 11:1-11 242
A Savior for All Nations 11:12-25 249
Three Reasons People Are Not Willing to Follow Jesus 11:27-33 259
God Sent His Son and We Killed Him 12:1-12 265
Should Christians Obey the Government? 12:13-17 273
Will There Be Sex in Heaven? 12:18-27 280
Two Great Commands/Two Great Loves 12:28-34 286
Turning Theologians on Their Heads 12:35-40 292
The Poor Woman Who Gave All She Had 12:41-44 299
What Did Jesus Say About the End Times? Part 1 13:1-23 307
What Did Jesus Say About the End Times? Part 2 13:24-37 314
A Sacrifice of Extravagant Love 14:1-11 319
The King Prepares for His Passion 14:12-25 325
The King Who Suffers Alone 14:26-52 331
The Beginning of the End for the Great King 14:53-72 337
Jesus the Great King: The Sacrifice for Sinners 15:1-20 344
The Murder of the Great King 15:21-47 349
The Resurrection of the Great King 16:1-8 359
Works Cited 369
Scripture Index 377