Extreme Stress and Communities: Impact and Intervention is the first volume to address traumatic stress from a community perspective. The authors, drawn from among the world's leaders in psychology, psychiatry and anthropology, examine how extreme stress, such as war, disasters and political upheaval, interact in their effects on individuals, families and communities. The book is rich in both theoretical insight and practical experience. It informs readers about how to adopt a community perspective and how to apply this perspective to policy, research and intervention.
Table of ContentsPreface; S.E. Hobfoll, M.W. deVries. I: Introduction: Focusing on the Community in the Case of Extreme Stress; S.E. Hobfoll, M.W. deVries, R.P. Cameron. 1. The Community Context of Disaster and Traumatic Stress: an Ecological Perspective from Community Psychology; E.J. Trickett. II: Basic Stress Concepts and Where they Lead in the Study of Community Stress; S.E. Hobfoll, R.P. Cameron, M.W. deVries. 2. Disasters, Stress and Cognition; D. Meichenbaum. 3. Temperament Risk Factor: the Contribution of Temperament to the Consequences of the State of Stress; J. Strelau. 4. Coping with the Loss of a Family Member: Implications for Community-Level Research and Intervention; C.B. Wortman, K.B. Carnelley, D.R. Lehman, C.G. Davis, J.J. Exline. 5. Individual and Community Stress: Integration of Approaches at Different Levels; M. Jerusalem, K. Kaniasty, D.R. Lehman, C. Ritter, G.J. Turnbull. III: Resources to Offset Stress: Applications to the Community Context; S.E. Hobfoll, R.P. Cameron, M.W. deVries. 6. Community Stress and Resources: Actions and Reactions; S.E. Hobfoll, S. Briggs, J. Wells. 7. Optimistic Self-Beliefs as a Resource Factor in Coping with Stress; R. Schwarzer, M. Jerusalem. 8. Stress and Social Support; I.G. Sarason, B.R. Sarason, G.R. Pierce. IV: Bridges to Community Stress; S.E. Hobfoll, R.P. Cameron, M.W. deVries. 9. Prevention of the Consequences of Man-Made or Natural Disaster at the (Inter)National, the Community, the Family, and the Individual Level; J.T.V.M. de Jong. 10. The Pathogenic Effects of War Stress: the Israeli Experience; Z. Solomon. 11. Stress and Disaster; A.C. McFarlane. 12. Methodological Issues in Designing Research on Community-Wide Disasters with Special Reference to Chernobyl; E.J. Bromet. 13. Research Methods and Directions: Establishing the Community Context; F.H. Norris, J.R. Freedy, A. DeLongis, L. Sibilia, W. Schönpflug. V: Long-Term Effects of Community Stress; S.E. Hobfoll, R.P. Cameron, M.W. deVries. 14. Long-Term Consequences of Disasters; B.L. Green. 15. Endurance and Living: Long-Term Effects of the Holocaust; J. Lomranz. 16. Reverberation Theory: Stress and Racism in Hierarchically Structured Communities; J.S. Jackson, M.R. Inglehart. 17. Culture, Community and Catastrophe: Issues in Understanding Communities under Difficult Conditions; M.W. deVries. VI: Prevention and Intervention; S.E. Hobfoll, R.P. Cameron, M.W. deVries. 18. Preventive Psychosocial Intervention after Disaster; L. Weisæth. 19. The Treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder; B.A. van der Kolk, O. van der Hart, J. Burbridge. 20. Strategies of Disaster Intervention for Children and Adolescents; R.S. Pynoos, A. Goenjian, A.M. Steinberg. 21. Catalyzing Community Support; N. Milgram, B.R. Sarason, U. Schönpflug, A. Jackson, C. Schwarzer. 22. Prevention and Treatment of Community Stress: How to be a Mental Health Expert at the Time of Disaster; C. Figley, R. Giel, S. Borgo, S. Briggs, M. Haritos-Fatouros. 23. Intervention S