Despite of many years of studies, predicting fluid flow, heat, and chemical transport in fractured-porous media remains a challenge for scientists and engineers worldwide. This monograph is the third in a series on the dynamics of fluids and transport in fractured rock published by the American Geophysical Union (Geophysical Monograph Series, Vol. 162, 2005; and Geophysical Monograph, No. 122, 2000). This monograph is dedicated to the late Dr. Paul Witherspoon for his seminal influence on the development of ideas and methodologies and the birth of contemporary fractured rock hydrogeology, including such fundamental and applied problems as environmental remediation; exploitation of oil, gas, and geothermal resources; disposal of spent nuclear fuel; and geotechnical engineering.
This monograph addresses fundamental and applied scientific questions and is intended to assist scientists and practitioners bridge gaps in the current scientific knowledge in the areas of theoretical fluids dynamics, field measurements, and experiments for different practical applications. Readers of this book will include researchers, engineers, and professionals within academia, Federal agencies, and industry, as well as graduate/undergraduate students involved in theoretical, experimental, and numerical modeling studies of fluid dynamics and reactive chemical transport in the unsaturated and saturated zones, including studies pertaining to petroleum and geothermal reservoirs, environmental management and remediation, mining, gas storage, and radioactive waste isolation in underground repositories.
Volume highlights include discussions of the following:
- Fundamentals of using a complex systems approach to describe flow and transport in fractured-porous media.
- Methods of Field Measurements and Experiments
- Collective behavior and emergent properties of complex fractured rock systems
- Connection to the surrounding environment
- Multi-disciplinary research for different applications
About the Author
Boris Faybishenko is a Staff Scientist in the Hydrogeology Department, Earth Sciences Division of the E.O. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
John E. Gale is a consultant, advisor and senior geological engineer. Dr. Gale is a former Professor in the Department of Earth Sciences at the Memorial University of Newfoundland.
Sally M. Benson is the Director of the Global Climate and Energy Project and Professor in the Department of Energy Resources Engineering at Stanford University.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Paul Witherspoon and the Birth of Contemporary Fractured Rock HydrogeologyR. Allan Freeze, Iraj Javandel, and Shlomo P. Neuman 1
1 A Complex Systems Approach to Describing Flow and Transport in Fractured-Porous MediaBoris Faybishenko, Sally M. Benson, John E. Gale, and Fred Molz 5
Part I: Methods of Field Measurements and Experiments
2 Fracture Flow and Underground Research Laboratories for Nuclear Waste Disposal and Physics ExperimentsJoseph S. Y. Wang and John A. Hudson 21
3 Permeability Structure of a Strike-Slip FaultKenzi Karasaki, Celia T. Onishi, and Junichi Goto 43
4 Feasibility of Long-Term Passive Monitoring of Deep Hydrogeology with Flowing Fluid Electric Conductivity Logging MethodPrabhakar Sharma, Chin-Fu Tsang, Christine Doughty, Auli Niemi, and Jacob Bensabat 53
Part II: Collective Behavior and Emergent Properties of Complex Fractured Rock Systems
5 Particle Swarms in FracturesEric Boomsma and Laura J. Pyrak-Nolte 65
6 The Effect of Chemical Osmosis on Oil and Gas Production from Fractured Shale FormationsPerapon Fakcharoenphol, Basak Kurtoglu, Hossein Kazemi, Sarinya Charoenwongsa, and Yu-Shu Wu 85
7 An Experimental Investigation of Stress-Dependent Permeability and Permeability Hysteresis Behavior in Rock FracturesDa Huo and Sally M. Benson 99
8 Permeability of Partially Cemented FracturesMichael C. Tsenn 115
9 An Emergent Conductivity Relationship for Water Flow Based on Minimized Energy Dissipation: From Landscapes to Unsaturated SoilsHui-Hai Liu 129
10 Comparison of Simulated Flow in a Discrete Fracture Laboratory Sample Based on Measured Average and Spatially Varying Hydraulic ConductivityEunjeong Seok and John E. Gale 137
Part III: Connection to the Surrounding Environment
11 Fractures as Advective Conduits at the Earth-Atmosphere InterfaceMaria Inés Dragila, Uri Nachshon, and Noam Weisbrod 161
12 Quantifying Water Flow and Retention in an Unsaturated Fracture-Facial DomainJohn R. Nimmo and Siamak Malek-Mohammadi 169
Part IV: Multidisciplinary Research for Different Applications
13 Plutonium Transport in Soil and Plants: An Interdisciplinary Study Motivated by Lysimeter Experiments at the Savannah River SiteFred Molz, Inci Demirkanli, Shannon Thompson, Dan Kaplan, and Brian Powell 183
14 Experimental and Modeling Studies of Episodic Air-Water Two-Phase Flow in Fractures and Fracture NetworksThomas Wood and Hai Huang 209
15 Simulation of THM Processes in Fractured ReservoirsPhilip H. Winterfeld and Yu-Shu Wu 229