• Updated throughout with recent developments and additional illustrations
• Reveals how solar outbursts caused the end of the last ice age, unleashed catastrophe upon ancient advanced civilizations, and led to six millennia of a Solar-Induced Dark Age
• Includes evidence from solar science, geology, oceanic circulation patterns, the Sphinx, the underground cities of Cappadocia, the Easter Island rongorongo glyphs, and the Göbekli Tepe complex in Turkey
In this newly revised and expanded edition, updated throughout with recent developments, geologist Robert Schoch builds upon his revolutionary theory that the origins of the Sphinx date back much further than 2500 BCE and examines scientific evidence of the catastrophe that destroyed early high culture nearly 12,000 years ago.
Combining evidence from multiple scientific disciplines, Schoch makes the case that the abrupt end of the last ice age, circa 9700 BCE, was due to an agitated Sun. Solar outbursts unleashed electrical/plasma discharges upon Earth, triggering dramatic climate change as well as increased earthquake and volcanic activity, fires, high radiation levels, and massive floods. Schoch explains how these events impacted the civilizations of the time, set humanity back thousands of years, and led to six millennia of a Solar-Induced Dark Age (SIDA). Applying the SIDA framework to ancient history, he explores how many megalithic monuments, petroglyphs, indigenous traditions, and legends fall logically into place, including the underground cities of Cappadocia, the Easter Island rongorongo glyphs, and the Göbekli Tepe complex in Turkey. He also reveals that our Sun is a much more unstable star than previously believed, suggesting that history could repeat itself with a solar outburst powerful enough to devastate modern society.
Weaving together a new view of the origins and antiquity of civilization and the dynamics of the planet we live on, Schoch maintains we must heed the megalithic warning of the past and collectively prepare for future events.
|Publisher:||Inner Traditions/Bear & Company|
|Edition description:||2nd Edition, Revised and Expanded Edition|
|Product dimensions:||6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)|
Read an Excerpt
From Chapter 6. The End of the Last Ice Age
The Easter Island Connection
One evening Katie suggested that we re-watch the video written and narrated by David Talbott, Symbols of an Alien Sky (Talbott 2009), which features Peratt’s work connecting petroglyphs and plasma. As we watched, Katie suggested that the rongorongo script [from Easter Island] looks much like Peratt’s petroglyphs and that it too might be a record of plasma phenomena in the ancient skies. It was a moment to give pause.
Studying the rongorongo intensely, these enigmatic hieroglyphs, just like the petroglyphs, indeed appear to reproduce intense electrical and plasma phenomena. We see the same donut-like and intertwining shapes, the same odd humanoid figures, the same bird-like heads. The similarities are undeniable.
Although the Western discovery of Easter Island dates to Easter Sunday 1722, not until the 1860s did Europeans become aware of rongorongo. Unfortunately, between missionary zeal, attempts to separate new converts from old pagan ways, and internecine warfare, almost all of the rongorongo tablets were burned or otherwise destroyed. Today, just upward of two dozen remain (Fischer 1997b). Furthermore, natives literate in rongorongo were killed in fighting, succumbed to disease, or were carried off in slave raids. By the late nineteenth century, no one could genuinely read the rongorongo script.
Not only have the rongorongo tablets remained undeciphered, there was no agreement among researchers concerning even the fundamentals of rongorongo. How far back in time it may go is a subject of debate. Some scholars have asserted it was invented on Easter Island during the late eighteenth century in imitation of European writing the natives had observed. Other researchers suggest the rongorongo script has an ancestry thousands of years old, though the surviving wooden tablets are at most a couple of hundred years old. The known tablets are copies of copies of copies . . . For many centuries, scribes, not able to truly read the script, piously copied and recopied something they knew was important and held in reverence.
Far from being an indigenous creation of the Easter Islanders, some researchers have suggested the rongorongo script originated in parts of Polynesia well west of Easter Island, or perhaps even in China. Others look to South America. Still others have seen similarities between rongorongo characters and the enigmatic ancient scripts of the Indus Valley civilization. One researcher seriously suggested that rongorongo is related to Egyptian hieroglyphics (for general discussions of these theories, see Fischer 1997b; Métraux 1957; and Wolff 1948). I have long advocated that there is good evidence supporting cultural contact across both the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans in remote ancient times (Schoch with McNally 2003), but looking carefully at such rongorongo analyses, I do not find them particularly convincing. A stylized fish, human figure, Sun, or vulva could conceivably look similar across unconnected cultures.
Perhaps treating rongorongo as a script, as a form of writing comparable to an alphabetical language, or even as a script based on pictographs, ideographs, or hieroglyphics is a wrong or incomplete approach. This brings us back to the plasma hypothesis. Like the petroglyphs that Peratt has studied (Peratt 2003), I believe the rongorongo tablets record plasma configurations in the very ancient skies. Each glyph may show one of the forms the plasma column took. In sequence, they record, like a scientific record, what was happening in the skies. Two things support this interpretation: First is the confirmation Katie and I received from a member of Dr. Peratt’s research team that they had connected the rongorongo glyphs to plasma configurations modelled in their laboratory (when this book was first published, we did not have this confirmation). Second are Rapanui words and legends. Explorer Francis Mazière recorded an indigenous name for the island as Matakiterani, or “eyes gazing at the sky” (Mazière 1968, 9). He also recorded a legend of the sky falling (Mazière 1968, 57):
In the days of Rokoroko He Tau the sky fell.
Fell from above on to the earth.
The people cried out,
“The sky has fallen in the days of King Rokoroko He Tau.”
He took hold: he waited a given time. The sky returned; it went away and it stayed up there.
This legend could refer to strange plasma configurations, perhaps even manifested in part as tremendous bolts of lightning, seen in the sky and making contact with the land. Subsequently, the plasma “went away” and the sky returned to normal. The legendary king’s name bears a striking similarity to rongorongo, and Tau is similar to ta’u, a category of inscriptions commemorating a series of deeds or events (Fischer 1997b, 288).
Curiously, the few surviving rongorongo tablets have many sequences of glyphs in common. This suggests they are based on a common source, they are recording the same phenomena, and they fit together to form a complete whole. It is similar to finding ancient manuscripts in the Middle East. Piecing together fragments of the book of Daniel, for instance, the entire work emerges.
Here is another enigma: Easter Island lies some 3,700 kilometers west of the coast of South America. On the mainland, in modern Peru, are found the Nazca lines and geoglyphshuge drawings on the ground. Curiously, some of these drawings are hauntingly reminiscent of both Peratt’s petroglyphs and rongorongo glyphs. Are the Nazca geoglyphs part of the same story? Peratt and his colleagues (Peratt et al. 2007; Peratt and Yao 2008) mention the Nazca lines and Nazca pottery decoration as possible depictions of plasma phenomena. Katie speculates that the giant Nazca geoglyphs may mark the actual spots where certain incoming plasma configurations drove down to ground level and touched, or branded, the earth. Through time, the shapes were walked, chalked, venerated, and preserved. The connection (in ancient times) of our Sun to the divine is one direction my research with Katie has lead; therefore, I refer you to the new chapter 15 for why these glyphs may have been venerated.