Forum (Non) Conveniens in England: Past, Present, and Future

Forum (Non) Conveniens in England: Past, Present, and Future

by Ardavan Arzandeh


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781782256403
Publisher: Hart Publishing
Publication date: 12/27/2018
Series: Studies in Private International Law Series
Pages: 184
Product dimensions: 6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 0.60(d)

About the Author

Ardavan Arzandeh is Senior Lecturer in Law at the University of Bristol.

Table of Contents

Series Editors Preface v

Preface vii

Table of Cases xiii

Table of Legislation xxiii

1 Introduction 1

I The English Forum (Non) Conveniens Doctrine 1

II The Objectives of the Book 5

III The Structure and Main Contentions of the Book 7

2 Locating the Place of Forum (Non) Conveniens in the English National Jurisdiction Rules 11

I Introduction 11

II Jurisdictional Values and Their Significance in Allocating Jurisdiction 12

III The Doctrinal Measures for Promoting Jurisdictional Values Under the English National Jurisdiction Rules 14

A Promoting Party Autonomy: Stay of Action Brought in Breach of an Exclusive Jurisdiction Clause 14

B Promoting Connectedness: The English Courts' Refusal to Exercise Jurisdiction in 'Non-Justiciable' Cases 15

C Promoting Connectedness: Stay of Actions Under the Forum Non Conveniens Doctrine 17

D Avoiding Parallel Proceedings: Stay of Proceedings Under the Lis Alibi Pendens Doctrine 19

E Promoting Connectedness: The English Courts' Service-out Jurisdiction and the Forum Conveniens Doctrine 20

F Promoting Party Autonomy and/or Connectedness: Anti-Suit Injunctions 21

IV Conclusion 23

3 Forum (Non) Conveniens - The Past 24

I Introduction 24

II The Emergence and Development of the Practice of Discretionary (Non-)Exercise of Jurisdiction in England in the Nineteenth Century 26

A The Discretionary Jurisdiction to Serve Proceedings on Defendants Not Present in England 28

B Stay of Proceedings Brought in England as of Right Under the Vexatious-and-Oppressive Test in Lis Alibi Pendens Cases 30

III The Developments at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century: The Flowering of a 'British' Approach to Discretionary Non-Exercise of Jurisdiction 35

A Lagan v Bank of Scotland (No 2) 35

B The Decisions in Egbert v Short and In re Norton's Settlement 37

IV The Developments in the Middle Third of the Twentieth Century: The Emergence in England of a Plaintiff-Centric Approach to Staying of Proceedings 40

A The Immediate Build-up to the English Courts' Change of Approach 41

B The Court of Appeal's Ruling in St Pierre 43

C Stay of Proceedings in England after St Pierre 44

D Murmurs of a Need to Depart from the St Pierre Approach 46

V Developments in England in the 1970s and 1980s: The Gradual Departure horn St Pierre 50

A The Problematic Implications Arising from the Narrow Application of the St Pierre Test 50

B The House of Lords' Ruling in The Atlantic Star: The Law's Return to the Pre-St Pierre Position 53

C MacShannon v Rockware Glass Ltd: The Next Step Away from the St Pierre Test 57

D Staying of Proceedings in England Immediately after the introduction of the MacShannon Test 61

E The Ruling in The Abidin Daver: A Further Step Closer to the Outright Adoption of For urn Non Conveniens in England 63

F Spiliada Maritime Corporation v Cansulex Ltd: The Adoption of Forum Non Conveniens in England 66

VI Conclusion 69

4 Forum (Non) Conveniens - The Present 72

I Introduction 72

II Post-Spiliada Doctrinal Developments 74

A Stay of As-of-Right Proceedings 74

B Service-out Cases 79

III The Spiliada Doctrine's Global Influence 83

A The Approach in Commonwealth Jurisdictions before Spiliada 84

B The Approach in Commonwealth Jurisdictions after Spiliada: An Overview 85

C The Approach in Commonwealth Jurisdictions after Spiliada: Australia 87

D The Approach in Commonwealth Jurisdictions after Spiliada: Canada 90

IV The Spiliada Doctrine's Scope of Application 92

A Spiliada's Conceptual Scope 92

B Spiliada's Scope of Application in the Face of Intervening Legal Developments 97

V Conclusion 104

5 Forum (Non) Conveniens - The Future 107

I Introduction 107

II A Brief Outline of the Spiliada Test 110

III The Spiliada Test's Positive Reception 112

IV Problems with the Application of the Spiliada Test 115

A Recent Decisions 116

B Problems Exposed in the Recent Decisions 118

C Similar Problems in Earlier Decisions 121

V The Case for Revising Spiliada's Second Limb 123

VI The Way Forward 125

A Should Spiliada's Second Limb Be Completely Abolished? 126

B ECHR, Art 6(1) (as Applied in Expulsion Cases) as the Basis for Refining Spiliada's Second Limb 129

C The Refined Spiliada Test and its Application 132

VII Conclusion 135

6 Conclusions 137

Selected Bibliography 144

Index 149

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