God's Law and Order: The Politics of Punishment in Evangelical America

God's Law and Order: The Politics of Punishment in Evangelical America

by Aaron Griffith

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Overview

An incisive look at how evangelical Christians shaped—and were shaped by—the American criminal justice system.

America incarcerates on a massive scale. Despite recent reforms, the United States locks up large numbers of people—disproportionately poor and nonwhite—for long periods and offers little opportunity for restoration. Aaron Griffith reveals a key component in the origins of American mass incarceration: evangelical Christianity.

Evangelicals in the postwar era made crime concern a major religious issue and found new platforms for shaping public life through punitive politics. Religious leaders like Billy Graham and David Wilkerson mobilized fears of lawbreaking and concern for offenders to sharpen appeals for Christian conversion, setting the stage for evangelicals who began advocating tough-on-crime politics in the 1960s. Building on religious campaigns for public safety earlier in the twentieth century, some preachers and politicians pushed for “law and order,” urging support for harsh sentences and expanded policing. Other evangelicals saw crime as a missionary opportunity, launching innovative ministries that reshaped the practice of religion in prisons. From the 1980s on, evangelicals were instrumental in popularizing criminal justice reform, making it a central cause in the compassionate conservative movement. At every stage in their work, evangelicals framed their efforts as colorblind, which only masked racial inequality in incarceration and delayed real change.

Today evangelicals play an ambiguous role in reform, pressing for reduced imprisonment while backing law-and-order politicians. God’s Law and Order shows that we cannot understand the criminal justice system without accounting for evangelicalism’s impact on its historical development.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780674238787
Publisher: Harvard
Publication date: 11/10/2020
Pages: 352
Sales rank: 250,476
Product dimensions: 6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)

About the Author

Aaron Griffith is Assistant Professor of History at Sattler College, where he teaches American history and the history of Christianity. A former postdoctoral fellow at the John C. Danforth Center on Religion and Politics and instructor at Washington University’s Prison Education Program, he has written for the Washington Post and Religion News Service.

Table of Contents

Introduction 1

1 Churchdom's War on Crime 13

2 Jesus Christ Is the Only Control 54

3 Religion Is a Real Weapon 99

4 God's Law and Order 133

5 A Sermon in Your Cell 168

6 There Are Better Ways 218

Conclusion 260

Abbreviations 269

Notes 273

Acknowledgments 323

Index 327

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