Hannibal: Rome's Greatest Enemy

Hannibal: Rome's Greatest Enemy

by Philip Freeman
Hannibal: Rome's Greatest Enemy

Hannibal: Rome's Greatest Enemy

by Philip Freeman


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Telling the story of a man who stood against the overwhelming power of the mighty Roman empire, Hannibal is the biography of a man who, against all odds, dared to change the course of history.

Over two thousand years ago one of the greatest military leaders in history almost destroyed Rome. Hannibal, a daring African general from the city of Carthage, led an army of warriors and battle elephants over the snowy Alps to invade the very heart of Rome's growing empire. But what kind of person would dare to face the most relentless imperial power of the ancient world? How could Hannibal, consistently outnumbered and always deep in enemy territory, win battle after battle until he held the very fate of Rome within his grasp?

Hannibal appeals to many as the ultimate underdog—a Carthaginian David against the Goliath of Rome—but it wasn't just his genius on the battlefield that set him apart. As a boy and then a man, his self-discipline and determination were legendary. As a military leader, like Alexander the Great before him and Julius Caesar after, he understood the hearts of men and had an uncanny ability to read the unseen weaknesses of his enemy. As a commander in war, Hannibal has few equals in history and has long been held as a model of strategic and tactical genius. But Hannibal was much more than just a great general. He was a practiced statesman, a skilled diplomat, and a man deeply devoted to his family and country.

Roman historians—on whom we rely for almost all our information on Hannibal—portray him as a cruel barbarian, but how does the story change if we look at Hannibal from the Carthaginian point of view? Can we search beneath the accounts of Roman writers who were eager to portray Hannibal as a monster and find a more human figure? Can we use the life of Hannibal to look at the Romans themselves in an unfamiliar way— not as the noble and benign defenders of civilization but as ruthless conquerors motivated by greed and conquest?

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781639363650
Publisher: Pegasus Books
Publication date: 01/10/2023
Pages: 240
Sales rank: 51,092
Product dimensions: 5.40(w) x 8.20(h) x 0.70(d)

About the Author

Philip Freeman earned his Ph.D. at Harvard University and has taught at Boston University, Washington University, and Luther College. He currently holds the Fletcher Jones Chair in Humanities at Pepperdine University in Malibu, California. He has been a visiting fellow at the American Academy in Rome, the Center for Hellenic Studies in Washington D.C., and the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. He has published over twenty books, ranging from biographies of Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar, and Saint Patrick to translations of Cicero and Aristotle. His books have been translated into fifteen languages around the world. Philip lives in Malibu, California.

Table of Contents

Prologue: The Vow ix

Timeline xv

Glossary of Names xix

1 Carthage 1

2 Sicily 11

3 Spain 21

4 New Carthage 31

5 Saguntum 39

6 Gaul 49

7 The Alps 59

8 The Ticinus River 67

9 Trebia 79

10 The Arno Marshes 87

11 Lake Trasimene 95

12 Campania 105

13 Geronium 117

14 Cannae 125

15 Rome 135

16 Capua 141

17 Metaurus 153

18 Zama 165

19 Exile 177

20 Legacy 185

Epilogue: What If Hannibal Had Won? 189

Ancient Sources 197

Modern Sources 201

Endnotes 205

Index 211

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