The aim of the inaugural meeting of the Sant Cugat Forum on Astrophysics was to address, in a global context, the current understanding of and challenges in high-energy emissions from isolated and non-isolated neutron stars, and to confront the theoretical picture with observations of both the Fermi satellite and the currently operating ground-based Cherenkov telescopes. Participants have also discussed the prospects for possible observations with planned instruments across the multi-wavelength spectrum (e.g. SKA, LOFAR, E-VLT, IXO, CTA) and howthey will impact our theoretical understanding of these systems.
In keeping with the goals of the Forum, this book not only represents the proceedings of the meeting, but also a reflection on the state-of-the-art in the topic.
Table of Contents
Radio Pulsar Phenomenology.- Radio pulsar populations.- Pulsar Results with the Fermi Large Area Telescope.- Fermi view of the EGRET pulsars.- “Garden-variety” Gamma-ray Pulsars J0248+6021& J2240+5832.- Extension studies of galactic sources with Fermi.- Advances in understanding double features in radio pulsar profiles.- Emission from the Polar Cap and Slot Gap.- Gamma-ray emission and pair creation of outer gap.- What Pulsar High-Energy Emission Model Survives?.- Current Models of Pulsar Magnetospheres.- Modeling of y-ray Pulsar Light Curves from Force-Free Magnetosphere.- A Tale of Two Current Sheets.- The high-energy emission from the pulsar striped wind.- Gamma-rays from millisecond pulsars in Globular Clusters.- Modelling the Growing Population of y-ray Millisecond Pulsars.- A Joint Radio Gamma-ray Variability Study of the Crab Pulsar.- AGILE observations of PSR B1509-58.- Understanding the fundamental parameters of millisecond pulsars.- Pulsars as gravitational wave detectors.- Magnetar outbursts: an observational review.- Wide-band X-ray Studies of Magentars with Suzaku.- Bursts and Flares from Highly Magnetic Pulsars.- Activated Magnetospheres of Magnetars.- Suzaku Detection of Hard X-ray Emission in SGR 0501+4516 Short Burst Spectrum.- The magnetar emission in the IR band: the role of magnetospheric currents.- Double features in mean pulsar profiles and the nature of their radio emission.- Can the magnetic field of long-period X-ray pulsars be supercritical ?.- X-ray emission from isolated neutron stars.- X-ray thermal radiation from hot polar cap in pulsars.- Radio polarization of RRAT J1819-1458.- Multiwavelength Observations of Pulsar Wind Nebulae.- Multi-wavelength Observations of Composite Supernova Remnants.- Fermi-LAT Results on Pulsar Wind Nebulae after 1.5 year of Observations.- Pulsar Wind Nebulae: The GeV to TeV Connection.- Extended hard X-ray emission from Vela X.- Cherenkov Telescopes Results on Pulsar Wind Nebulae and Pulsars.- Lepton Acceleration in Pulsar Wind Nebulae.- MHD models of Pulsar Wind Nebulae.- TeV Gamma Ray Survey on the Direction of Fermi-LAT Pulsars with the Tibet Air Shower Array.- Fermi results on y-ray binaries.- Cherenkov Telescope results on gamma-ray binaries.- y-ray binaries as non-accreting pulsar systems.- Relativistic motion and beamed radiation in gamma-ray binaries.- A leptonic One-Zone model of the X-Ray/VHE correlated emission in LS I +61 303.- New Optical Results on y-ray Binaries.- The International X-ray Observatory and other X-ray missions, expectations for pulsar physics.- X-ray Polarimeters.- New results on high energy cosmic ray electrons observed with Fermi LAT.- Positrons from pulsar winds.