We are no longer just looking at strange flying objects in the skies; now we are beginning to interact with the actual pilots, crew, and passengers!
Do aliens exist? In 2013, one poll showed that nearly half of all Americans (48 percent) believe UFOs may be a sign of extraterrestrial visitation; another found that 10 percent of Americans claim to have actually witnessed an actual UFO; and yet another showed that 2.9 million Americans believe they had actually been abducted by aliens.
If aliens exist and are visiting us, we need to talk!
Who will speak to them on behalf of planet Earth? Who can translate their intentions--good or evil--toward the human race? How can we learn about their advanced technologies? Can aliens speak human languages?
These and even more fascinating questions are all addressed in How to Talk to an Alien.
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About the Author
Read an Excerpt
The Art of Exolinguistics
Question: How do you talk to an alien?
Answer: Very politely! Either they've never been here before (in which case you're a diplomat for all of us, so don't screw it up), or they've been here since the dawn of mankind (in which case you don't want to piss them off!).
All kidding aside, this is a very serious topic and I intend to treat it that way. There are certain assumptions I will ask you to make right off the bat. Primarily, I ask you to understand that the alien presence on Earth is undisputed. If you have a problem with this, I suggest you stop reading now and consult the massive amount of excellent literature on the subject. My main purpose is to explore how aliens communicate with us so we can understand how to communicate with them. This is the field called Exolinguistics (exo meaning "outside, outer, external" and linguistics meaning "the study of language").
It is often said aliens only communicate by mental telepathy; this is only partially true. But it certainly presents a problem for many of us who haven't learned psychic skills. Namely, it's great to receive their telepathic signals — but what about sending them? When can we learn how to have a real dialogue with aliens? The answer is when we learn to speak their languages. If they can shut down our nuclear missile defense systems and power plants, mutilate cattle, violate our commercial and military airspace, and abduct people from their bedrooms, we need to know their intentions. How can the president of the United States have a real, down-to-earth conversation with another head of state, let's say the president of Russia, if he doesn't speak Russian? If he has no interpreter with him then he must rely on the Russian president's knowledge of English in order to have a conversation. The American president would never be able to truly understand the mindset of the foreign leader or his intentions if he doesn't speak the Russian president's language. He would miss all the sidebar comments, nuances of meaning, criticisms, taboos, and cultural constraints. It's important to learn a foreign language — and the same goes for aliens. They actually communicate in a number of different ways, and I will show you how. So let's get started!
It really isn't a stretch to imagine our galaxy is loaded with extraterrestrial species. Our astrophysicists and astronomers have been suggesting this for a while now without even blushing! It is becoming increasingly difficult to believe we are the most intelligent species in the universe. We don't even need to rely on the growing body of evidence of UFOs and alien contact to arrive at this conclusion. All we need to do is to look at cutting-edge scientific data. In science's quest to find the perfect "Goldilocks planet" (just like the fairy tale, it is neither too big, nor too small, but "just right" to theoretically sustain human life), we have uncovered evidence that is impossible to ignore. In 2009, NASA launched the Kepler space observatory to survey part of the Milky Way in hopes of discovering Earth-sized extrasolar planets lying in or near the desired "Goldilocks" or habitable zone. Kepler was also designed to estimate how many of the billions of stars in our galaxy might have such planets. The results that came back were truly astounding.
In 2013, the Kepler space mission data revealed there could be as many as 40 billion Earth-sized planets orbiting in the habitable zones of stars similar to our own sun or other red dwarf stars within the Milky Way alone. There was, however, a setback in the program that year when two of its four reaction wheels, which kept the craft oriented in the same direction pointing at the same cross section of the galaxy, had become non-operational. This threatened the continuation of Kepler's mission, originally scheduled through 2016. However, follow-up observations made by Kepler as of January 17, 2015, confirmed 1,876 exoplanets in 1,181 planetary systems (including 475 multiple planetary systems, which are stars with at least two or more planets orbiting a star). The closest of these planets is estimated to be only 12 light years away from Earth.
This was good news for forward-thinking people. After all, it gave us a more optimistic assessment regarding the possibility of moving the human race to another planet in the (increasingly likely) event that Earth suffers a catastrophic event (global freezing, global warming, a meteor hit, solar radiation storms, a devastating hole in our ozone layer or atmosphere, or we just continue to pollute our environment into a state of unsustainability). The existence of nearby Goldilocks planets in our neck of the galactic woods created a welcome fallback position to ensure the perpetuation of our species.
But to anyone who was really listening, the Kepler space mission data was also sending a different type of a message. The data was not just pointing out the existence of empty life-sustaining planets around the galaxy; it was also suggesting the strong possibility that life exists elsewhere in these Earth-like life-enhancing environments and, most importantly, that we may not be alone in the universe. If you go by the odds of probability, the huge number of Goldilocks planets in our galaxy alone suggests that other species have been able to thrive, grow, and evolve into intelligent beings similar to humans. If this is true, is it safe to assume we are probably similar to them as well.
So how did we decide to communicate with these potential intelligent species in the universe? We broadcast the equivalent of a radio Morse code (see Image 1-1) into outer space using a digital binary code, and we waited to see what would come back. This was, of course, based on our assumption that aliens would communicate with us using our very "advanced" system of radio waves.
Without going into great detail, our message, created by Frank Drake and Carl Sagan, and broadcast from the Arecibo Observatory radio telescope in 1974, consisted of 1,679 binary digits transmitted at a modulated frequency of 2,380 MHz. It was aimed at a star cluster located 25,000 light years away from Earth. The message, expressed visually in Image 1-2, reads from top to bottom in seven layers of information:
1. Establishes that our "language" is being transmitted using a binary code system based on numbers 1 through 10.
2. The atomic numbers of the five basic elements comprising DNA.
3. The formulas for sugars and bases in the nucleotides of DNA.
4. The number of nucleotides in DNA and a graphic of the double helix structure of DNA.
5. An image of a human showing the average physical height and human population.
6. A graphic of the solar system and location of Earth.
7. A graphic of the Arecibo radio telescope's transmitting antenna dish.
Clearly, our message was intended to communicate something about our chemical composition as humans and our technological capabilities in the hope that aliens might reciprocate with similar information about themselves. Ironically, our astronomers weren't really serious about a true communication. They figured it would take 25,000 light years to reach the intended star system and another 25,000 years to hear back — by which time they would all be dead anyway.
Let's suppose for a minute that aliens can receive and transmit messages much faster than the speed of radio waves and that it wouldn't take 50,000 light years to send us a response. Let's also suppose that aliens don't use antiquated methods such as radio waves to communicate across galaxies because they are thousands of years more advanced than us. Then we're not speaking the same "language."
We did receive a "response" to the Arecibo message, but not in the time frame or format our scientists expected. On August 21, 2001, two new crop circle formations were reported in a farmer's wheat field next to the Chilbolton radio telescope in Hampshire, England (see Image 1-3). The crop circles were created either by hoaxers and/or unknown alien forces in the form of mostly intriguing pixilated designs or geometric forms, which must be viewed from the air in order to be seen. The crop circle responding to the Arecibo message was identical in form with a few notable exceptions. These were as follows: The DNA portion was altered to include silicon and the human form was altered to resemble a Grey alien with a bulbous head and smaller stature.
Skeptics immediately cried foul play. As one skeptic suggested via: www.rationalwiki.org: "Why wouldn't the recipients simply send back a message via radio, instead of coming here and messing up some poor farmer's crops at night and then sneaking away?" This is human logic and is, of course, reasonable to humans. But we are inviting aliens, not humans, to respond. So we must allow For asymmetric linguistic responses. This is similar to "asymmetric warfare" when large, powerful conventional armies are matched against tiny but effective and invisible terrorist cells, causing a mismatch of expectations!
The National Security Agency (NSA) has also released documents revealing that our government has been working hard trying to decipher messages received from outer space. In a declassified article called "Key to the Extraterrestrial Messages," which appeared in the NSA Technical Journal, one of the top government cryptographers, Dr. Howard Campaigne, took on the task of decoding 29 messages received from outer space. Using complex mathematical equivalences, Dr. Campaigne concluded that he had been able to determine that certain "words" referred to "Periodic Table," "Row," and "Column" with references to numbers for certain rare earth elements. He concluded: "How bizarre the syntax and values of a culture could be I cannot conjecture, but any civilizations capable of sending a message across space must have many things in common." (To see the full article, go to www.nsa.gov/public_info/_files/ufo/key_to_et_massages.pdf.)
Of all things, why did the aliens want to discuss our chemicals and minerals? That question embodies the fundamental issue we must keep in mind when figuring out how to talk to an alien. We must keep in mind that alien technologies and the alien mindset do not include the same set of fundamental values or techniques. We cannot expect aliens to "talk" as we do, just as we would not expect dolphins to "talk" as we do. Keep an open mind. Pay attention to the possible ways in which aliens may be communicating with us on non-verbal levels. Only then can we begin to understand the key to our alien brothers and sisters.CHAPTER 2
Are Aliens Biologically Equipped to Talk?
There are likely thousands of different alien species out there — if not more. It has been speculated that we are being visited by beings from a number of different planets, star constellations, and galaxies including, but not limited to, the Earth's moon, Mars, Venus, Jupiter, Zeta Reticuli, the Pleiades, Orion's Belt, and the Andromeda galaxy. There's also the possibility of beings visiting from the Earth's subterranean interior, under the Earth's oceans, and other space-time dimensions.
But it is one thing to speculate and quite another to compile a legitimate list of known alien races. I have heard many different estimates regarding the number of known alien species. Most estimates come from military sources and range from four to 82 alien species known to be interacting with humans. An alleged classified manual describing 57 different types of aliens was released several years ago by retired U.S. Army Sergeant Clifford Stone, who spent 22 years working with the military as an "interface" (military psychic brought in to communicate with ETs). He claims he was brought to highly secretive UFO crash retrieval sites and interrogations of living ETs, and says he interacted with living ETs and witnessed dead ETs. There are no photos or drawings associated with this manual and only some limited descriptions of physical characteristics for each alien species.
Another (unverifiable) source claims there are 82 defined alien species. These anonymous online videos are based upon a book called The Book of Alien Races allegedly given to Russian "Smersh" agents (an umbrella name for three counter-intelligence organizations in Stalinist Russia) in 1946. The compilation, as recreated on various YouTube accounts, is weirdly and hypnotically fascinating to watch. It is highly detailed regarding the various names of different species, their physical descriptions, predilections, and planetary origins. It subdivides various well-known alien species into many separate splinter groups with different goals.
In the world of ufology, however, it is commonly accepted that there are roughly six types of aliens interacting with humans: Greys, Reptilians, Humanoids, Insectoids, Hybrids, and Light Beings. There are also other, less-well-known species that fall roughly into categories of trolls, gnomes, fairies, shape-shifters, dragon-like creatures, worm-like entities, angels, demons, amphibious mermaid–type species, and so on. Many alien species seem to have evolved from ancient biblical accounts, mythology, astrology, and children's fairy tales. The list seems to emerge from a dizzying array of characters born of our subconscious fears, desires, religious opinions, ancestral beliefs, and collective human symbols. It is very difficult to discern between observation and speculation — making this a queasy undertaking for anyone with half an analytic brain! Some historians even treat ancient tales as if they described real events and actual alien visitors instead of fairy tales or myths.
If there are lots of alien species, then we can assume there are lots of alien languages. But can aliens talk? Do aliens communicate using speech? If so, do they have what it takes to make vocalized sounds? In order to do so, you would need a mouth, maybe a larynx, some vocal cords, and a way to breathe, such as a nose. In order to answer the two previous questions, along with deciphering what speculations could possibly turn into reality, we need to take a look at the physiology of aliens as a whole. Unfortunately, we can't just look through a few snapshots or go to the public library. We have to use the data of questionable, sometimes downright mysterious, origins. For instance, a number of artist renderings have been done based on witness memories and dream state recollections.
According to alien abduction author Dr. David Jacobs, a retired associate professor of history who specialized in 20th-century American history and culture from Temple University, most aliens do not appear to have the necessary physiological equipment to engage in audible human-style speech:
Abductees inadvertently bolster the idea that telepathy is the main communication mode by providing indirect evidence that alien physiology is consistent with mental, rather than spoken, communication. Their descriptions indicate that insect-like aliens have no noticeable mouths or noses, making the aspiration of air difficult if not impossible. The more commonly reported small and tall gray aliens appear to have "mouth-like" structures with no tongues or teeth. Aliens do not use these structures for sound formation and the mouths are almost always closed. There is little evidence that their jaws open and close (or, indeed, that they have jaws). Although some abductees report that their mouths are open in an "O" shape, these accounts are rare and because of the confabulation problem, one must be wary of them. Facial musculature, which would allow for expressiveness, is not reported. Finally, abductees do not report anything resembling a respiratory system, nor do they describe any apparent larynx, esophagus, lung capacity, or aspiration essential for sound formation for either the gray aliens or the insect-like beings" (www.ufoabduction.com/telepathy2.htm.)
He concludes, based upon his study of abductee accounts, that most alien encounters involve telepathic, not audible, communication. But for now, let's take a closer look at various types of alien anatomy needed for speech.
Alien species with a Humanoid appearance have mouths, noses, and probably vocal cords. According to numerous ufology sources, there are several basic categories of aliens who are similar or identical to humans. Some of the most common include: the Nordics (described as "beautiful" Scandinavian-looking individuals with blonde hair and blue eyes); the Giants (described as exceptionally tall humanoids ranging from 7 to 10 feet tall); the Hybrids (described as humanoids with large eyes and sparse hair), and other species of humanoid aliens (who live freely among the human race on Earth and are indistinguishable from us). Additionally, certain types of Angelic Beings, usually described as etheric, translucent, and often surrounded by intense celestial white light, also have human-shaped bodies.(Continues…)
Excerpted from "How to Talk to an Alien"
Copyright © 2016 Nancy du Tertre.
Excerpted by permission of Red Wheel/Weiser, LLC.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.
Table of Contents
Foreword: By Stanton T. Friedman, Nuclear Physicist and Ufology Investigator 13
Chapter 1 The Art of Exolinguistics 17
Chapter 2 Are Aliens Biologically Equipped to Talk? 25
Chapter 3 Do Aliens Speak an Alien Language? 41
Chapter 4 Do Aliens Speak Human Languages? 51
Chapter 5 Do Aliens Speak With a Foreign Accent? 63
Chapter 6 Who Needs Language When You Have Telepathy and Dreams? 81
Chapter 7 Electronic Voices and Alien Technology 103
Chapter 8 A Brief History of Alien or "Angelic" Writing 123
Chapter 9 Examples of Alien Writing 153
Conclusion In the Beginning Was the Word 171
About the Author 185