In Hunting Nazis in Franco's Spain, David Messenger deftly traces the development and execution of the Allied repatriation scheme, providing an analysis of Allied, Spanish, and German expatriate responses. Messenger shows that by April 1946, British and American embassy staff in Madrid had compiled a census of the roughly 10,000 Germans then residing in Spain and had drawn up three lists of 1,677 men and women targeted for repatriation to occupied Germany. While the Spanish government did round up and turn over some Germans to the Allies, many of them were intentionally overlooked in the process. By mid-1947, Franco's regime had forced only 265 people to leave Spain; most Germans managed to evade repatriation by moving from Spain to Argentina or by solidifying their ties to the Franco regime and Span-ish life. By 1948, the program was effectively over.
Drawing on records in American, British, and Spanish archives, this first book-length study in English of the repatriation program tells the story of this dramatic chapter in the history of postWorld War II Europe.
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|Publisher:||Louisiana State University Press|
|Product dimensions:||5.80(w) x 8.50(h) x 1.00(d)|
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Table of Contents
1 Denazification, Neutrality, and European Security after World War II 11
2 Intelligence Wars: Nazi and Allied Spies in Neutral Spain during and after the War 37
3 Neutrality, Postwar Politics, and the Diplomacy of Repatriation 70
4 Petitions to Franco: German Activism and the Fight to Stay in Spain 99
5 The Fate of Repatriation in Germany, Spain, and Beyond, 1947-1948 132