Ike: An American Hero

Ike: An American Hero

by Michael Korda


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780060756666
Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers
Publication date: 05/06/2008
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 800
Sales rank: 255,327
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.80(d)

About the Author

Michael Korda is the author of Ulysses S. Grant, Ike, Hero, and Charmed Lives. Educated at Le Rosey in Switzerland and at Magdalen College, Oxford, he served in the Royal Air Force. He took part in the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 and on its fiftieth anniversary was awarded the Order of Merit of the People's Republic of Hungary. He and his wife, Margaret, make their home in Dutchess County, New York.

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An American Hero

Chapter One


Ours is neither a nation nor a culture much given to extended hero worship.

Ralph Waldo Emerson understood his countrymen only too well when he wrote, "Every hero becomes a bore at last." After all, within his own lifetime Emerson would see both Andrew Jackson and Ulysses S. Grant cut down to size. There is no place in American life for the enduring national cult of a hero, no equivalent of France's national passion for Napoleon (a cult strangely enough by no means limited to the French), England's sentimental hero worship of Nelson (and, increasingly, of Winston Churchill), Russia's glorification of Peter the Great.

Perhaps it is the price of being a democracy, and of a deep, inherent distrust of the very idea of an elite—we are all egalitarians at heart, or at least feel a need to pay homage to the idea of equality. We have a natural tendency to nibble away at the great figures of the past; to dig through their lives for flaws, mistakes, and weaknesses; to judge them severely by the standards and beliefs of the present, rather than those that prevailed when they were alive. Thus Washington has been marginalized as a dead white male, and as a slave owner, and remembered more for his ill-fitting false teeth than his generalship. Thus Jefferson has been downgraded from his lofty position as the author of the Declaration of Independence to being treated not merely as a slave owner, but as a spendthrift and hypocrite who slept with his own female slaves. Thus Grant's tomb stood for many decades forlorn and almost unvisited on Riverside Drive and 122nd Street in New York City, despitethe fact that it was, until the end of the nineteenth century, a bigger tourist attraction than the Statue of Liberty.

It is a simple fact of American life, this urge to splash graffiti on the pantheon of our heroes. In other countries—or cultures—the building up of national heroes is a full-time job, respected and well rewarded, in France with membership in the Académie Française and the Légion d'Honneur, in the United Kingdom with knighthoods and a cozy place in the cultural establishment; but in ours, whole profitable segments of the media and publishing industries prosper by tearing them down. Sic transit gloria mundi might as well be our national motto.

In his own lifetime, for example, Dwight D. Eisenhower underwent a rapid transition from world-class, five-star hero to being ridiculed as an old fuddy-duddy in the White House, out of touch with what was happening in the country, more interested in his golf score than in politics, deaf to the pleas of civil rights leaders (or at least hard of hearing), and, toward the end of his eight years as president, overshadowed by the youth and glamour of the young John F. Kennedy.

It was not just journalists, or editorial cartoonists like Herblock in the Washington Post, or intellectuals of the New Frontier, who made fun of Ike—even historians of World War II began to turn their heavy guns on him, particularly admirers of General George S. Patton. Patton's advocates formed a stubborn and robust revisionist cult that would reach its peak when Patton became the hero of Richard Nixon's favorite movie; they held Ike to blame for failing to turn his fractious subordinate loose to seize Berlin before the Russians did, and by that mistake ensuring a divided Germany and the cold war—even though Patton was too far south to have done this.

Like those revisionists who insist that Blücher, instead of Wellington, won the Battle of Waterloo by arriving on the battlefield with his Prussians at the end of the day, or those who believe that Lee would have won the Battle of Gettysburg if only he had listened to Longstreet's advice, Patton's admirers—sixty years after the fact—are still smarting over their hero's complaints. As to the validity of their views, one cannot do better than to quote the duke of Wellington himself, who, when a stranger came up to him on Piccadilly and said, "Mr. Jones, I presume?" is said to have replied, "If you presume that, sir, you'd presume any damned thing."

The guns had hardly fallen silent in Europe before Eisenhower's rivals and subordinates sat down to write their memoirs or edit their diaries for publication. Most of them were sharply critical of Eisenhower. On the British side of the Grand Alliance the newly ennobled field marshals Lord Alanbrooke and Viscount Montgomery, and General Lord Ismay, if they agreed on nothing else, were united in their view that Eisenhower was no strategist. Indeed General Sir Alan Brooke, as he was then, the acerbic Chief of the Imperial General Staff (CIGS), would remark acidly in his dairy in 1943 on the subject of his plan for the invasion, "Eisenhower has got absolutely no strategical outlook." 1

On the losing side, Hitler's generals, when they came to write their memoirs, were almost all critical of Eisenhower's caution, slowness, conventional tactics, and failure to develop the single thrust that might have brought the war to an end by the winter of 1944—strong stuff from those whom he defeated.

As for the senior American and British airmen—particularly the "bomber barons," among whom the most important and outspoken was Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur ("Bomber") Harris, Air Officer Commanding, RAF Bomber Command—they expressed in their war memoirs the conviction that had they been given a free hand and unlimited resources the war could have been won in 1944 without an invasion at all; that Eisenhower, in short, had merely wasted time, manpower, money, and fuel, all of which would have been more usefully employed destroying German cities (the RAF strategy), or the German rail network and oil industry (the strategy of the U.S. Army Air Force).

In the United States, enthusiasts for a Pacific-first strategy—centered on the figure of General Douglas MacArthur and the U.S. Navy admirals, most of whom had never wholeheartedly accepted . . .

An American Hero
. Copyright © by Michael Korda. Reprinted by permission of HarperCollins Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved. Available now wherever books are sold.

Table of Contents

List of Illustration     xv
List of Maps     xvii
Author's Note     xix
The Making of a Hero
"Ike"     3
"I Hope to God I Know What I'm Doing"     24
"What a Man ... Did as a Boy"     56
"Where Else Could You Get a College Education Without Cost?"     84
Second Lieutenant Eisenhower     105
"The Greatest Disappointment and Disaster in My Life"     143
The Education of a Soldier     157
The MacArthur Years     185
"As Soon as You Get a Promotion They Start Talking About Another One. Why Can't They Let a Guy Be Happy with What He Has?"     231
London, 1942     268
Algiers     310
Sicily     376
"Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Forces"-1944     429
Triumph-D-Day, June 6, 1944     475
Stalemate     519
Armageddon, 1945     552
"I Had Never Realized That Ike Was as Big a Man"     584
The White House Years
"I Like Ike!"     637
"And So We Came to Gettysburg and to the Farm We Had Bought Eleven Years Earlier, Where We Expected to Spend the Remainder of Our Lives"     695
"Lower the Shades!"     721
Acknowledgments     725
Notes     727
Bibliography     743
Index     749

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Ike 4.1 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 24 reviews.
Guest More than 1 year ago
I thought I would give this title a go based on a good review from Walter Isaacson who wrote a biography on Benjamin Franklin that I enjoyed very much. Korda is not a writer that kept me interested in reading this book. The information on Eisenhower is fascinating, but I felt more like I was reading Korda's notes, or the rough draft before putting final touches on the book. (This could be attributed to a bad editor as well'). There is vast detail of the President during his army years, and literally less than 70 of the 720 pages about Eisenhower's Presidency. Overall is was hard to stay awake during the reading, and hard to get a good feel of who Ike was as a husband, father, soldier, general, or president. It is full of detail though. I will be picking up the Biography of Eisenhower by Stephen Ambrose who is a fantastic historian and author, and I know I will not be disappointed with that reading.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
This book provides another viewpoint with some similarities and differences as written by Stephen Ambrose. Both books are a must read. Michael Korda is a fantastic writer and his book "With Wings Like Eagles" is another book that should be read to understand the tremendous struggle that Britain faced from the Luftwaffer during the Battle of Britain. The story was revieting and it kept my attention. Both books are a must read if you are fascinated with the WWII period. In highsight the Allies won, but the outcome could have been quite different had the British not held on, the Allies had not selected General Eisenhower and Marshall, that D-day was postponed (Allies not ready in 1942 or 1943), and the Allies were backed up by the might of the American industrial base.
Guest More than 1 year ago
If my local library has a book, I don't usually buy it but made an exception with Michael Korda's book. It's something I want to read and refer to many times in the future. Ike, An American Hero is extremely well written, providing insights into Dwight D. Eisenhower's life from boyhood until his death. Some things I knew from having visited the Eisenhower presidential library and museum in Abilene, KS 'e.g., the influence Fox Conner had on his life'. Other things I knew from having read some of Eisenhower's books. However, Eisenhower was not one to 'blow his own horn' and bad mouth others, though he would have been well-justified in doing both when dealing with much lesser men 'e.g., Montgomery and MacArthur'. It was in reading Michael Korda's book that I learned how much of his time during World War II was spent having to deal with these men. It is utterly amazing that he was able to focus at all on the job he was assigned by Roosevelt, Churchill, Gen. George Marshall, etc., especially when some of them 'e.g., Churchill' kept him up late without thinking about the inroads they were making on his productive time. Churchill and Montgomery especially wrote autobiographies that 'spun' history the way they would like to have people remember it, but Michael Korda details reasons why some of their accounts aren't even close to the way things were. For example, Montgomery was an egotist who would like for history to record that he performed all assigned tasks 'e.g., defeat of Rommell in Africa, and the capture of Caen after D-Day' in an expeditious manner. That isn't close to the truth. This would be a great book to be assigned reading in high school and college history classes and could lead to some great discussions. Dwight Eisenhower himself has stated in his book At Ease how his childhood love of history became dulled at West Point but revived when he was with Fox Conner in Panama. Fox Conner had a vast personal history library, including works of fiction. He'd lend the books to Eisenhower, then discuss their meaning with him when they were returned. Hopefully people will either borrow or buy this book and come to the conclusion that I reached. God really did bless America by giving it a person such as Dwight Eisenhower to be one of its foremost leaders during some terrible times.
rETIREDTEACHERTG More than 1 year ago
How uplifting to read of American greatness combined with English greatness to overcome the monster Hitler. The American and British generals were definitely human. Ike was not a super hero at home but he helped saved the world from slavery. The horrible number of soldiers from every country who died was very sobering to read about. You got to see WWII from the inside out and the brillant logistical mind it took to win our freedom. Our greatest leaders were all graduates of the military academies but then Germany had a military academy also.
kirkwood59 More than 1 year ago
In less than four years, Dwight D. Eisenhower rose from the rank of Lt. Colonel in the U.S. Army to Supeme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Forces, and led this multinational coalition to victory over Germany in World War II. This country boy from Abilene, Kansas had the ability to get strong-willed, independent thinking and highly ambitous leaders, both military and political, to work together to ultimately achieve a great victory. Ike later became the first Commander of NATO and then a very popular two term President of the United States. The author makes Ike's story the key to understanding the Allies victory in Europe. This is a well writen, easy to read book created by a first rate historian that describes the life and times of one of America's greatest heroes.
cannonball More than 1 year ago
As the title suggests, this easily readable book delves into the personality traits that make Eisenhower "An American Hero." Almost half of the book details the war years and Eisenhower's rapid rise to Supreme Commander. The affable Ike manages to hold together an unweildy coalition of "prima donna" generals and statesmen to defeat Nazi Germany. To do so he oversees the two largest amphibious invasions in history. Eisenhower's two terms as President are rapidly dealt with in the last 100 pages--a somewhat unsatisfactory broadbrush after the detailed analysis of the war years.
nbmars on LibraryThing 6 months ago
Subtitled ¿An American Hero,¿ Michael Korda¿s Ike is a tribute to an exceptionally good, if not great, American general and president. Dwight Eisenhower¿s reputation suffered from several setbacks in his second term as president and from the way John F. Kennedy¿s campaign negatively characterized the eight years of his presidency. Korda¿s book is an attempt to undo some of the unfavorable impressions about Eisenhower prevalent in America today. He offers no new scholarship, but rather a readable paean to a man who was a hero before the word came to mean simply ¿one who has survived.¿Korda¿s coverage of Eisenhower is a bit quirky. In a 722 page book, he devotes only two chapters and about 68 pages to the eight years of the presidency, while spending eleven chapters and over 500 pages on World War II. Korda can¿t resist retelling the familiar story of the relationships and interactions among Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin although Eisenhower played only a very minor part in that drama. Korda¿s treatment of Eisenhower¿s early career is enlightening. He was a good but not distinguished student at West Point, from which he was graduated in 1915 when Europe, but not yet the United States, was at war. He proved to be such an exceptional trainer of men and student of logistics and equipment that he was considered too valuable an asset to be sent to Europe for any of the fighting. Shortly after WWI, he accompanied a cavalcade of army vehicles to drive all the way across the United States, a feat that had never been accomplished before. [This trip made such a deep impression on him that later he spearheaded the effort to build the nation¿s cross-country highway system.] He became a close friend of George Patton and studied armored infantry tactics with him. Patton and Ike actually took apart a French tank (the state of the art at the time) and put it back together. Later, he was assigned to the Philippines and spent five years reporting directly to Douglas MacArthur (where, as Eisenhower explained, he learned ¿dramatics¿). MacArthur later characterized Ike as ¿one of his best clerks.¿Eisenhower¿s organizational talents caught the eye of General George C. Marshall, who picked him to head the American effort in the European theater in WWII. Marshall¿s confidence that Ike could come up with a plan, turn chaos into order, and win the confidence of the British was rewarded by exceptional performance.Before the war, Ike had never commanded combat troops. His first major assignment in the war was to lead the largest amphibious invasion (into North Africa) ever undertaken to date. The attack was ultimately successful, but Ike was severely criticized for moving too slowly in some ways. Interestingly, Roosevelt wanted the attack to begin before the 1942 elections, but he deferred to Ike¿s judgment that the attack would not be ready until four days after the elections.His next assignment was as Supreme Commander of both British and American forces for the invasion of Normandy. Ike made the decision to go ahead despite risky weather reports. He also opted to use airborne troops to a great extent despite the high casualty rate they were bound to and did incur. Ike battled to get control of the air forces of the US and the UK, which wanted to continue bombing German cities rather than support the invasion force. His greatest challenge in managing the war after establishing a Normandy bridgehead was allocation of force. He had to manage prima donna commanders like British Field Commander Gen. Bernard Montgomery and American General George Patton, both of whom wanted as much glory as could be had. Montgomery and other British generals wanted a single powerful thrust through northern Germany to take the Ruhr and then Berlin before the Soviets could get there. Ike demanded a broad frontal assault, which he believed would wear the Germans down with the superior numbers and production of the Allies. Ike prevailed over both the B
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
I would like to join the clan!
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Ikefan More than 1 year ago
Ike was an interesting person, and to write about his life invites the author to delve deeply where he sees significance. I found the book very thorough about his "lean years", but then the author seems to "rush" through the war years. It was hard to write about Ike in that so much has already been written on him. I'm somewhat of a fan of Ike, so the book had no surprises. For a person to "learn" about Ike, this would be a good book for a first attempt. I enjoyed reading it, and it kept my intrest.
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An excellent read. The author, I feel, was very balanced in his approach. For Ike to be able to contend with such a group of high strung egos and "waring" factions while keeping them focused on the task at hand is remarkable.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
The book presents a view of Ike's leadership style not presented by the media. It is easy to understand his style based on his early childhood and life at West Point. Great book!
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