The development of insects strongly depends on the photoperiodicity and temperature cycles of the surrounding environment. The double photoperiodic control in connection with the daylength and the interrelation between inductive and spontaneous processes are discussed as fundamental features for the physiology of photoperiodism. With his book the author proposes a new concept for a physiological basis of insect development. "The overall contribution of the book resides in its offering a series of concepts that can be discussed and tested. The ideas originating from Zaslavski's unique viewpoint should be of interest to those concerned with the evolution of life histories." (The Quarterly Review of Biology)
|Publisher:||Springer Berlin Heidelberg|
|Edition description:||Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1988|
|Product dimensions:||6.69(w) x 9.61(h) x 0.02(d)|
Table of Contents1 Reactions and Processes Controlling the Seasonal Development of Insects.- 1.1 Annual Cycles of Insects and the Underlying Seasonal Phenomena.- 1.2 Photoperiodic Reactions and Their Types.- 1.3 Temperature Reactions and Their Types.- 1.4 Qualitative and Quantitative Photoperiodic and Temperature Reactions.- 1.5 Temporal and Developmental Characteristics of Photoperiodic and Temperature Induction.- 1.6 Reactions to Constant Photoperiodic and Temperature Conditions.- 1.6.1 The Photoperiodic Reaction Curve.- 1.6.2 Diversity of Photoperiodic Curves and Their Transformations Due to Interaction of Photoperiodic and Temperature Reactions.- 1.6.3 Other Factors Affecting Photoperiodic Reactions.- 1.6.4 Photoperiodic and Temperature Reactions During Diapause.- 1.7 Stepwise Reactions.- 1.7.1 Examples and Definition.- 1.7.2 Types of Stepwise Photoperiodic Reactions and Their Diversity.- 1.7.3 Occurence of Stepwise Photoperiodic Reactions.- 1.7.4 Stepwise Temperature Reaction.- 1.8 Inherited Variability of Photoperiodic and Temperature Reactions.- 1.9 Spontaneous Processes Controlling Insect Development.- 1.9.1 Spontaneous Processes During Diapause.- 1.9.2 Cold Reactivation as an Example of Combination of Inductive and Spontaneous Processes.- 1.10 Inductive and Spontaneous Processes in Successive Generations.- 1.10.1 Reactions with Maternal Effects.- 1.10.2 Maternal Influence on Reaction Norms as Basis for Long-Lasting Processes over Several Generations.- 1.11 Ecological Role of Photoperiodic and Temperature Control.- 1.11.1 Some Elements of the Analysis of Natural Seasonal Development.- 1.11.2 Some Problems in Investigating the Ecology of Photoperiodic and Temperature Control.- 2 General Features of the Mechanism of Photoperiodic and Temperature Control of Development.- 2.1 Quantitative Perception of Photoperiod.- 2.1.1 Possible Principles of Daylength Evaluation.- 2.1.2 Examples of Quantitative Evaluation of Daylength in Threshold-Type Reactions.- 2.1.3 Threshold Region of a Photoperiodic Curve.- 2.1.4 Peculiarities of Quantitative Daylength Perception.- 18.104.22.168 Chilocorus bipustulatus.- 22.214.171.124 Acronycta rumicis.- 126.96.36.199 Megoura viciae.- 188.8.131.52 General Features of Quantitative Daylength Perception.- 2.1.5 Quantitative Peculiarities of Summation on Photoperiodic Signals.- 2.1.6 Outcome of Quantitative Daylength Perception.- 2.2 Elementary Reactions and Dual Photoperiodic and Temperature Control.- 2.2.1 Elementary Photoperiodic and Temperature Reactions.- 2.2.2 Elementary Reactions to Diel Temperature Rhythms.- 2.2.3 Universality of the Principle of Dual Photoperiodic and Temperature Control.- 184.108.40.206 Role of the Dual Control Mechanism in Photoperiodic Reactions of Different Types.- 220.127.116.11 Prevalence of the Physiological Mechanism Including Two Elementary Reactions.- 18.104.22.168 Presence of the Two Elementary Reactions as the Principle of Photoperiodic and Temperature Control Accomplishment.- 2.3 Interrelations of Inductive and Spontaneous Processes.- 2.3.1 Two Aspects of the Phenomenon of Diapause.- 2.3.2 Alterations of Reaction Norms Throughout Diapause. Complementarity of Spontaneous and Inductive Processes.- 3 Modeling the Physiological Mechanism Accomplishing Temperature and Photoperiodic Reactions.- 3.1 Basis of the Model.- 3.1.1 The Two Objects of Modeling.- 3.1.2 Possible Principles of Perceptive Link Functioning and an Approach to its Modeling.- 3.1.3 Model of the Commanding Link.- 22.214.171.124 Components of the Model.- 126.96.36.199 Properties and Interconnections of the Components of the Model.- 188.8.131.52 Possible Cases of Interrelations Between the Perceptive and Commanding Links.- 184.108.40.206 Schemes Used to Depict the Model’s Structure and to Analyze its Functioning.- 3.2 Applications of the Commanding Link Model.- 3.2.1 Elementary Reactions.- 220.127.116.11 Elementary Reactions of the Threshold and Gradual Types.- 18.104.22.168 Elementary Reactions of the Qualitative and Quantitative Types.- 22.214.171.124 Elementary Reactions of Long- and Short-Day, Hot and Cold Types.- 3.2.2 Systemic Reactions.- 3.2.3 Diversity of Photoperiodic Curves.- 3.2.4 Interactions of Photoperiodic and Temperature Reactions.- 126.96.36.199 Effect of Temperature upon separate Elements of Photoperiodic Curves.- 188.8.131.52 Successive Changes of Different Types of Dependence on Daylength and Temperature.- 3.2.5 Kinetics of Interaction of Elementary Reactions.- 184.108.40.206 Types of Kinetics and General Explanation of Stepwise Reactions.- 220.127.116.11 Kinetic of the Main Types of Photoperiodic Reactions and Spontaneous Processes.- 3.2.6 Unity and Diversity of Inductive and Spontaneous Processes Controlling Seasonal Development of Insects.- References.- Taxonomic Index.