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Teachers College Press
Is Everyone Really Equal?: An Introduction to Key Concepts in Social Justice Education / Edition 2

Is Everyone Really Equal?: An Introduction to Key Concepts in Social Justice Education / Edition 2

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This is the new edition of the award-winning guide to social justice education. Accessible to students from high school through graduate school, this comprehensive resource includes many new features such as discussion of contemporary activism. The text includes many user-friendly features, examples, and vignettes to not just define but illustrate key concepts.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780807758618
Publisher: Teachers College Press
Publication date: 07/28/2017
Series: Multicultural Education Series
Edition description: 2
Pages: 224
Sales rank: 86,709
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.50(d)

Table of Contents

Series Foreword James A. Banks xi

Acknowledgments xv

Preface xvii

What Is "Critical Social Justice"? xvii

Chapter Summaries xix

Prologue xxiii

A Parable: Hodja and the Foreigner xxiii

Layers of the Parable xxiv

1 Critical Thinking and Critical Theory 1

Two Dimensions of Thinking Critically About Knowledge 2

A Brief Overview of Critical Theory 4

Why Theory Matters 6

Knowledge Construction 7

Example of Knowledge as Socially Constructed 10

Thinking Critically About Opinions 10

2 Socialization 14

What Is Socialization? 15

Cultural Norms and Conformity 17

"You" in Relation to the "Groups" to Which You Belong 21

3 Prejudice and Discrimination 28

Prejudice 29

Discrimination 32

All Humans Have Prejudice and Discriminate 34

4 Oppression and Power 38

What Is Oppression? 39

Social Stratification 41

Understanding the "isms" 43

Internalized Dominance 49

Internalized Oppression 49

Hegemony, Ideology, and Power 50

5 Privilege 57

What Is Privilege? 58

External and Structural Dimensions of Privilege 59

Internal and Attitudinal Dimensions of Privilege 65

Common Dominant Group Misconceptions About Privilege 74

6 The Invisibility of Oppression 79

What Is an Institution? 80

An Example: Sexism Today 80

What Makes Sexism Difficult to See? 82

Discourses of Sexism in Advertising 84

Discourses of Sexism in Movies 87

Discourses of Sexism in Music Videos 89

7 Racism 96

What Is Race? 97

A Brief History of the Social Construction of Race in the United States 98

A Brief History of the Social Construction of Race in Canada 99

What Is Racism? 100

Two Key Challenges to Understanding Racism 102

Racism Today 104

Dynamics of White Racial Superiority 109

Dynamics of Internalized Racial Oppression 112

Racism and Intersectionality 115

8 Racism as White Supremacy 118

What is Whiteness? 119

White Supremacy in the Global Context 120

Common White Misconceptions about Racism 123

9 Yeah, But…" Common Rebuttals 130

Claiming That Schools Are Politically Neutral 131

Dismissing Social Justice Scholarship as Merely the Radical and Personal Opinions of Individual "Left Wing" Professors 132

Citing Exceptions to the Rule 132

Arguing That Oppression Is Just "Human Nature" 133

Appealing to a Universalized Humanity 134

Insisting on Immunity from Socialization 134

Ignoring Intersectionality 135

Refusing to Recognize Structural and Institutional Power 136

Rejecting the Politics of Language 137

Invalidating Claims of Oppression as Over-Sensitivity 138

Reasoning That If Choice Is Involved It Can't Be Oppression 140

Positioning Social Justice Education as Something "Extra" 141

Using Guilt to Excuse Inaction 142

10 Putting It All Together 145

Recognize How Relations of Unequal Social Power Are Constantly Being Negotiated 146

Understand Our Own Positions Within Relations of Unequal Power 149

Think Critically About Knowledge 154

Act in Service of a More Just Society 158

Appendix: How to Engage Constructively in Courses That Take a Critical Social Justice Approach 165

Glossary 180

References 189

Index 200

About the Authors 214

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