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Teachers College Press
Is Everyone Really Equal?: An Introduction to Key Concepts in Social Justice Education / Edition 2

Is Everyone Really Equal?: An Introduction to Key Concepts in Social Justice Education / Edition 2

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This is the new edition of the award-winning guide to social justice education.

Based on the authors’ extensive experience in a range of settings in the United States and Canada, the book addresses the most common stumbling blocks to understanding social justice. This comprehensive resource includes new features such as a chapter on intersectionality and classism; discussion of contemporary activism (Black Lives Matter, Occupy, and Idle No More); material on White Settler societies and colonialism; pedagogical supports related to “common social patterns” and “vocabulary to practice using”; and extensive updates throughout.

Accessible to students from high school through graduate school, Is Everyone Really Equal? is a detailed and engaging textbook and professional development resource presenting the key concepts in social justice education. The text includes many user-friendly features, examples, and vignettes to not just define but illustrate the concepts.

Book Features:

  • Definition Boxes that define key terms.
  • Stop Boxes to remind readers of previously explained ideas.
  • Perspective Check Boxes to draw attention to alternative standpoints.
  • Discussion Questions and Extension Activities for using the book in a class, workshop, or study group.
  • A Glossary of terms and guide to language use.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780807758618
Publisher: Teachers College Press
Publication date: 07/28/2017
Series: Multicultural Education Series
Edition description: 2
Pages: 224
Sales rank: 37,952
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.50(d)

About the Author

“Sensoy and DiAngelo masterfully unpack complex concepts in a highly readable and engaging fashion for readers ranging from preservice through experienced classroom teachers. The authors treat readers as intelligent thinkers who are capable of deep reflection and ethical action. I love their comprehensive development of a critical social justice framework, and their blend of conversation, clarity, and research. I heartily recommend this book!”
—Christine Sleeter, professor emerita, California State University Monterey Bay

“The authors provide an inspired yet accessible lens into how social inequity is reproduced. This is an incredible gift for encouraging their audience to reexamine views on race, gender, and minority stereotypes. This book will change you!”
—Dr. Byron D. Joyner, vice dean for Graduate Medical Education and Designated Institutional Official, University of Washington

“Sensoy and DiAngelo bring their knowledge and insights as engaged educators and scholars to this second edition. They have thoughtfully updated their chapters, concepts, and examples for the current sociocultural and political climate of teaching and learning in contemporary schools. A wonderful, accessible text!”
—Annette Henry, David Lam Chair in Multicultural Education and professor, University of British Columbia

Özlem Sensoy is associate professor in the faculty of education at Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, Canada. Robin DiAngelo is lecturer in the School of Social Work at the University of Washington, Seattle, United States.

Table of Contents

Series Foreword James A. Banks xi

Acknowledgments xv

Preface xvii

What Is "Critical Social Justice"? xvii

Chapter Summaries xix

Prologue xxiii

A Parable: Hodja and the Foreigner xxiii

Layers of the Parable xxiv

1 Critical Thinking and Critical Theory 1

Two Dimensions of Thinking Critically About Knowledge 2

A Brief Overview of Critical Theory 4

Why Theory Matters 6

Knowledge Construction 7

Example of Knowledge as Socially Constructed 10

Thinking Critically About Opinions 10

2 Socialization 14

What Is Socialization? 15

Cultural Norms and Conformity 17

"You" in Relation to the "Groups" to Which You Belong 21

3 Prejudice and Discrimination 28

Prejudice 29

Discrimination 32

All Humans Have Prejudice and Discriminate 34

4 Oppression and Power 38

What Is Oppression? 39

Social Stratification 41

Understanding the "isms" 43

Internalized Dominance 49

Internalized Oppression 49

Hegemony, Ideology, and Power 50

5 Privilege 57

What Is Privilege? 58

External and Structural Dimensions of Privilege 59

Internal and Attitudinal Dimensions of Privilege 65

Common Dominant Group Misconceptions About Privilege 74

6 The Invisibility of Oppression 79

What Is an Institution? 80

An Example: Sexism Today 80

What Makes Sexism Difficult to See? 82

Discourses of Sexism in Advertising 84

Discourses of Sexism in Movies 87

Discourses of Sexism in Music Videos 89

7 Racism 96

What Is Race? 97

A Brief History of the Social Construction of Race in the United States 98

A Brief History of the Social Construction of Race in Canada 99

What Is Racism? 100

Two Key Challenges to Understanding Racism 102

Racism Today 104

Dynamics of White Racial Superiority 109

Dynamics of Internalized Racial Oppression 112

Racism and Intersectionality 115

8 Racism as White Supremacy 118

What is Whiteness? 119

White Supremacy in the Global Context 120

Common White Misconceptions about Racism 123

9 Yeah, But…" Common Rebuttals 130

Claiming That Schools Are Politically Neutral 131

Dismissing Social Justice Scholarship as Merely the Radical and Personal Opinions of Individual "Left Wing" Professors 132

Citing Exceptions to the Rule 132

Arguing That Oppression Is Just "Human Nature" 133

Appealing to a Universalized Humanity 134

Insisting on Immunity from Socialization 134

Ignoring Intersectionality 135

Refusing to Recognize Structural and Institutional Power 136

Rejecting the Politics of Language 137

Invalidating Claims of Oppression as Over-Sensitivity 138

Reasoning That If Choice Is Involved It Can't Be Oppression 140

Positioning Social Justice Education as Something "Extra" 141

Using Guilt to Excuse Inaction 142

10 Putting It All Together 145

Recognize How Relations of Unequal Social Power Are Constantly Being Negotiated 146

Understand Our Own Positions Within Relations of Unequal Power 149

Think Critically About Knowledge 154

Act in Service of a More Just Society 158

Appendix: How to Engage Constructively in Courses That Take a Critical Social Justice Approach 165

Glossary 180

References 189

Index 200

About the Authors 214

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