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SAGE Publications
Issues in Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Class: Selections from CQ Researcher / Edition 1

Issues in Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Class: Selections from CQ Researcher / Edition 1

by CQ Researcher


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Issues in Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Class: Selections from CQ Researcher / Edition 1

  • The Obama Presidency: Can Barack Obama deliver the change he promises?
  • Middle-Class Squeeze: Is more government aid needed?
  • Gay Marriage Showdowns: Will voters bar marriage for same-sex couples?

These are just a few of the provocative questions contested in Issues in Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Class. This engaging reader allows students to see an issue from all sides and to think critically about topics that matter to them. Classroom discussion will never be dull again!

About CQ Researcher Readers

In the tradition of nonpartisanship and current analysis that is the hallmark of Congressional Quarterly, CQ Researcher titles investigate important and controversial policy issues. Offer your students the balanced reporting, complete overviews and engaging writing that CQ Researcher has consistently provided for more than 80 years. Each article gives substantial background as well as current analysis of the issue as well as useful pedagogical features to inspire critical thinking and to help students grasp and review key material:

  • A Pro/Con box that examines two competing sides of a single question
  • A detailed chronology of key dates and events
  • An annotated bibliography and Web resources
  • Outlook sections that address possible regulation and initiatives from Capitol Hill and the White House over the next 5 to 10 years
  • Photos, charts, graphs, and maps

Product Details

ISBN-13: 2901412979671
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publication date: 10/15/2009
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 392
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

About the Author

CQ Researcher is the choice of librarians, researchers, and students seeking original, comprehensive reporting and analysis on the most vital issues shaping our world. Each weekly report offers in-depth, unbiased coverage of a single topic. Written by CQ Press's staff of experienced reporters, these reports provide up-to-date information on a wide range of social, economic, political, environmental, and international issues.

Table of Contents

Annotated Contents vii

Preface xi

Contributors xiii

1 Affirmative Action: Is it Time to End Racial Preferences? 1

Has affirmative action outlive its usefulness? 4

Does race-based affirmative action still face powerful public opposition? 6

Has affirmative action diverted attention from the poor quality of K-12 education in low-income communities? 8

Background 9

Righting Wrongs 9

Reversing Course 11

Mending it 12

Current Situtation 15

'Formal Equality' 15

Over Their Heads? 18

Outlook 19

End of the Line? 19

Notes 20

Bibliography 22

2 Human Trafficking and Slavery: Are the World's Nations Doing Enough to Stamp it Out? 25

Does buying slaves in order to free them solve the problem? 29

Is the Trafficking Victims Protection Act tough enough? 31

Should most forms of child labor be eliminated? 32

Background 33

Ancient Practice 33

Slavery Goes Global 35

Outlawing Slavery 38

Current Situation 38

Human Trafficking 38

Slavery and Forced Labor 42

Outlook 43

Impact of Globalization 43

Notes 43

Bibliography 44

3 Immigration Debate: Can Politicians Find a Way to Curb Illegal Immigration? 47

Should employers be penalized for hiring illegal immigrants 50

Can guest worker programs be fixed? 52

Should illegal immigrants be allowed to attend public colleges and universities 54

Background 56

Earlier Waves 56

Mass Deportation 56

Immigration Reform 58

Changes in 1996 62

Public Opinion 64

Current Situation 65

Difficult Fix 65

Federal Inaction 65

Outlook 66

Tough Talk 66

Notes 67

Bibliography 68

4 Racial Diversity in Public Schools: Has the Supreme Court Dealt a Blow to Integration? 71

Should schoolsystems promote racial diversity in individual schools? 75

Should school systems seek to promote socioeconomic integration in individual schools? 76

Is the focus on diversity interfering with efforts to improve education in all schools? 79

Background 80

The 'Common School' 80

'Elusive' Equality 84

'Diversity' Challenged 86

Current Situation 88

'Resegregation' Seen 88

Legal Options Eyed 89

Outlook 90

'Minimal Impact'? 90

Notes 91

Bibliography 92

5 Reparations Movement: Should Payments Be Made for Historical Wrongs? 95

Should the United States pay reparations to African-American descendants of slaves? 98

Have efforts to collect reparations for Holocaust victims gone too far? 100

Does putting a price tag on suffering diminish that suffering? 102

Background 103

Ancient Notion 103

Native Americans 103

Restitution to "Comfort Women" 105

Japanese-Americans 106

The Holocaust 107

Current Situation 109

Reparations for Slavery 109

Outlook 112

Starting a Dialogue 112

Notes 112

Bibliography 113

6 Americans Indians: Are They Making Meaningful Progress at Last? 117

Is the federal government neglecting Native Americans? 120

Have casinos benefited Indians? 122

Would money alone solve American Indians' problems? 123

Background 124

Conquered Homelands 124

Forced Assimilation 126

Termination 128

Activism 129

Self-Determination 129

Current Situation 130

Self-Government 130

Limits on Gambling 131

Trust Settlement 134

Supreme Court Ruling 135

Outlook 135

Who Is an Indian? 135

Notes 136

Bibliography 139

7 American's Border Fence: Will it Stem the Flow of Illegal Immigrants? 141

Can a border fence stem the flow of illegal immigrants? 145

Would blocking all illegal immigrants hurt or benefit the U.S. economy? 146

Does the fence harm U.S relations with Mexico and other countries? 148

Background 150

Building Walls 150

Bracero Program 150

'Tortilla Curtain' Rises 153

Facing the Fence 155

Current Situation 156

Local Blowback 156

Legal Challenges 158

Straddling the Fence 159

Outlook 159

Demographic Solution 159

Notes 160

Bibliography 162

8 China in Africa: Is China Gaining Control of Africa's Resources? 165

Is China benefiting Africa's economy? 168

Do China's policies threaten human rights in Africa? 170

Are China and the West headed for a showdown over Africa's natural resources? 171

Background 174

Breaking Colonial Ties 174

Colonialism's Legacy 175

China's Return 176

Resource Envy 179

Current Situation 181

Communism to Capitalism 181

Africa Reacts 181

Competition Heats Up 182

Outlook 184

Belle of the Ball 184

Notes 185

Bibliography 189

9 Anti-Semitism in Europe: Are Israel's Policies Spurring a New Wave of Hate Crimes? 191

Is anti-Semitism on the rise in Europe? 196

Is anti-Zionism a cover-up for anti-Semitism? 198

Is anti-Semitism as severe as racial discrimination against other minorities in Europe? 205

Background 208

'Blood Libel' Slander 208

Restricting Jewish Refugees 209

Forged 'Protocols' 212

Holocaust Denial 214

Postwar Poland's Anti-Semitism 214

Facing the Holocaust 215

Anti-Semitism Re-emerges 216

International Action 216

Current Situation 217

Britain Reacts 217

French Anti-Semitism? 218

Outlook 219

Growing Discomfort 219

Notes 219

Bibliography 222

10 Anti-Americanism: Is Anger at the U.S. Growing? 225

Is the United States the Primary force behind globalization policies that harm other countries? 228

Is the United States threatening other cultures? 231

Is the "American Century" over? 233

Background 235

The Ungrateful Son 235

Religious Differences 238

Foreign Affairs Bully? 238

American Exceptionalism 239

Current Situation 240

Missteps and Failures 240

Support for Israel 242

A Good Neighbor? 242

Missed Opportunities 243

Outlook 243

Lasting Damage? 243

Notes 244

Bibliography 246

11 Crisis in Darfur: Is There Any Hope for Peace? 249

Has genocide occurred in Darfur? 253

Would arresting Sudanese President Bashir do more harm than good? 255

Is China blocking peace in Dafur? 257

Background 259

Ostrich Feathers, Ivory and Slaves 259

Independence and Instability 261

Another Civil War 261

Darfur Erupts 264

Current Situation 265

Indicting Bashir 265

International Betrayal 266

Mission Impossible? 268

Outlook 270

Bleak Future 270

Notes 271

Bibliography 275

12 The Obama Presidency: Can Barack Obama Deliver the Change He Promises? 277

Is President Obama on the right track in fixing the U.S. economy? 280

Is President Obama on the right track in Iraq and Afghanistan? 281

Is President Obama on the right track in winning support for his programs in Congress? 287

Background 289

'A Mutt, Like Me' 289

Red, Blue and Purple 294

'Yes, We Can' 295

A Team of Centrists? 300

Current Situation 301

Moving Quickly 301

Working With Congress 304

Outlook 305

Peril and Promise 305

Notes 307

Bibliography 307

13 Middle-Class Squeeze: Is More Government Aid Needed? 311

Is a stable middle class a thing of the past? 314

Is overconsumption at the root of the middle class' problems? 315

Are aggressive new government programs needed to bolster the middle class? 317

Background 318

Evolving Concept 318

Downward Slide 320

Impact of Globalization 323

Current Situation 326

Narrowing the Gap 326

Cash-Strapped States 328

Outlook 329

Silver Lining? 329

Notes 330

Bibliography 333

14 Women's Rights: Are Violence and Discrimination Against Women Declining? 335

Has globalization been good for women? 340

Should governments impose electoral quotas for women? 342

Do international treaties improve women's rights? 346

Background 348

'Structural Defects' 348

Push for Protections 348

Women's 'Bill of Rights' 349

Beijing and Beyond 351

Current Situation 354

Rise of Fundamentalism 354

Evolving Gender Policies 355

Political Prospects 358

Impunity for Violence 358

Outlook 359

Economic Integration 359

Notes 361

Bibliography 366

15 Gay Marriage Showdowns: Will Voters Bar Marriage for Same-Sex Cauples? 369

Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry? 373

Should state constitutions prohibit marriage for same-sex couples? 375

Should states recognize same-sex marriage from other states? 376

Background 377

Coming Out 377

Debating Marriage 379

California Showdown 383

Current Situation 384

Gay Marriage Ban Trailing 384

Marriage Cases Waiting 387

Outlook 388

'It's About Marriage' 388

Notes 389

Bibliography 390

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