Judo Formal Techniques: A Basic Guide to Throwing and Grappling - The Essentials of Kodokan Free Practice Forms

Judo Formal Techniques: A Basic Guide to Throwing and Grappling - The Essentials of Kodokan Free Practice Forms


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Judo Formal Techniques is "The most detailed explanation of Judo that has ever been published" (The Japan Times). A comprehensive training manual to the basic "free practice" forms of Kodokan Judo (the Randori no Kata), the book provides essential instruction in the throwing and grappling kata (Nage no Kata and Katame no Kata) that every Judo practitioner needs to master.

The authors are two of the world's top instructors—Donn F. Draeger and Tadao Otaki. Both were instructors at the Kodokan Judo Institute in Tokyo—the headquarters of international Judo, which was founded by the creator of the martial art, Jigoro Kano. Draeger, considered by many to be the first non-Japanese Budo master, was an authority on Asian martial culture who held high ranks and teaching licenses in several martial arts. He was a prolific writer and was the first non-Japanese Judo instructor at the Kodokan. Otaki was not only a successful Judo instructor but also a university professor who was widely praised for his research on the role of Judo in education.

Draeger and Otaki based their text on Jigoro Kano's published and unpublished personal writings. Recapturing the original spirit and intent of the essential Judo kata, they are presented in the standard Kodokan versions as refined by generations of practitioners. Richly illustrated with over 1,000 photos and drawings, Judo Formal Techniques offers complete step-by-step instructions for the roles of both training partners. In addition to the core techniques of throwing and grappling, it explains the important transitional movements as well as grips, stances, and postures.

First introduced as an Olympic sport at the 1964 Tokyo Olympics, Judo is returning to its home city on the world stage at the 2020 Olympics. Practiced by more than 20 million people worldwide, Judo is only expected to continue growing in popularity.

A new foreword by Judo instructor Neil Ohlenkamp sheds light on the book's lasting importance as the classic "Kata bible" for Judo students and instructors alike and an indispensable resource for all martial arts practitioners.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780804851480
Publisher: Tuttle Publishing
Publication date: 05/07/2019
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 464
Sales rank: 310,979
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Donn F. Draeger (1922-1982) is one of the world's leading authorities on the Asian martial arts and was a highly regarded figure in Japan. Licensed in Japan as a teacher of numerous martial arts, he wrote prolifically on the subject. His many publications include The Weapons and Fighting Arts of Indonesia, Shaolin Lohan Kung-fu and the six-volume Practical Karate series.

Tadao Otaki (1908-1998) was Professor of Physical Education at Tokyo Education University. He was recognized for his long experience as a Judo instructor to everyone from beginners to Olympic champions and his contributions to its teaching methods.

Neil Ohlenkamp has been a Judo instructor for over 45 years. He is a 7th degree black belt and former head instructor at the Encino Judo Club in California. He was head coach of the U.S. Judo squad at the 1988 Paralympic Games and the 1989 World Championships for the Disabled. He is the author of Judo Unleashed: Essential Throwing & Grappling Techniques for Intermediate to Advanced Martial Artists.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments 7

Foreword 9

Preface 13

How To Use This Book 15

Chapter 1 Historical Background 17

The Combative Roots of Kodokan Kata 17

The Formulation of Kodokan Kata 23

Kodokan Kata Today 31

Chapter 2 Outline of Judo Kata 35

Kodokan Patterns and Scope 35

Non-Kodokan Kata 36

Chapter 3 Understanding Kata 38

What Is Kata? 38

Why Study and Practice Kata? 41

Limitations of Kata 49

Chapter 4 Famous Japanese Judoists On Kata 51

Introduction 51

High-Ranking Kodokan Teachers 52

Champions, Famous Coaches, Instructors 54

Chapter 5 Kata Fundamentals 63

Theoretical and Spiritual Facets 63

Roles 63

Spirit 64

Etiquette 66

Practical Facets 66

Wearing the Judogi 66

Breathing 68

Opening Requirements 69

Opening Standing Salutation 70

Opening Facing Action 71

Opening Sitting Posture 71

Opening Sitting Salutation 71

Opening Return to Standing 74

Engagement Position 74

Center Performance 76

Sounds and Gestures 77

Adjusting the Judogi 77

Closing Disengagement 78

Closing Salutation Position 78

Closing Sitting Posture, Sitting Salutation, and Return to Standing 78

Closing Facing Action 78

Closing Standing Salutation 79

Chapter 6 Techinal Aspects of Nage No Rata 80

Theoretical Facets 80

The Categories of Throwing Techniques 80

Attack-Defense Theory 81

Practical Facets 89

Postures 89

Stepping Movements 94

Engagement Distance 96

Symmetry and Center Performance 98

Gripping 101

Uke's Striking Actions 102

Uke "Gives" His Body 105

The Closed-Gate Effect 106

Ukemi 108

Tori's Kake Balance 110

Mairi Signal 113

Rising and Facing Actions 113

The Rhythm of This Kata 117

Chapter 7 Technical Aspects of Katame No Kata 122

Theoretical Facets 122

The Categories of Grappling Techniques 122

Attack-Defense Theory 123

Practical Facets 126

The Far and Near Positrons 126

Postures 128

Stepping Movements 131

Uke's Lying-Ready and Sitting-Ready Positions 135

Opening Assumption of Kyoshi 139

Closing Procedures 140

Gripping 141

Uke "Gives" His Body 143

Tori's Attack Signal 145

Uke's Escape Patterns 145

Mairi Signal 146

Sounds and Gestures 147

Symmetry and Center Performance 147

The Rhythm of This Kata 148

Chapter 8 Nage No Kata 155

Opening 155

Te Waza 159

Uki-otoshi 159

Seoi-nage 166

Kata-guruma 173

Koshi Waza 180

Uki-goshi 180

Harai-gostu 189

Tsurikomi-goshi 197

Ashi Waza 206

Okuri-ashi-harai 206

Sasae-tsurikomi-ashi 213

Uchi-mata 220

Ma Sutemi Waza 228

Tomoe-nage 228

Ura-nage 237

Sumi-gaeshi 244

Yoko Sutemi Waza 254

Yoko-gake 254

Yoko-guruma 263

Uki-waza 271

Closing 279

Chapter 9 Katame Mo Kata 283

Opening 283

Osae-komi Waza 289

Kuzure Kesa-gatame 289

Kata-gatame 298

Kami-shiho-gatame 306

Yoko-shiho-gatame 315

Kuzure Kami-shiho-gatame 326

Shime Waza 336

Kata-juji-jime 336

Hadaka-jime 346

Okuri-eri-jime 355

Kataha-jime 362

Gyaku-juji-jime 369

Kansetsu Waza 380

Ude-garami 380

Ude Hishigi Juji-gatame 390

Ude Hishigi Ude-gatame 397

Ude Hishigi Hiza-gatame 405

Ashi-garami 414

Closing 422

Chapter 10 The Study and Practice of Kata 427

Consider Kata a Training Method 427

When to Begin Learning Kata 428

Flow Much Kata Training7 428

How to Begin Learning Kata 430

Which Kata to Practice 432

How to Practice Kata 432

The Beginning Role in Kata 442

Cautions in Practice 442

The Size of Kata Partners 444

The Repetition Method 445

The Self-Practice Method 446

The Form-Only Method 446

The One-Sided Method 446

Interpreted Patterns 447

Private Variation Patterns 448

Kata as Preparatory Exercise 448

Kata in Demonstrations 449

Katame Strength-Building Methods 450

Developing Muga-mushin 451

Kata Tips 452

Conclusion 455

Appendix: The Historical Significance of Seiza and Zarei 456

Glossary-Index 458

Nage no Kata Techniques 458

Katame no Kata Techniques 458

General 459

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