Kinematic Systems in Geodesy, Surveying, and Remote Sensing provides a state-of-the-art discussion on the use of the Global Positioning System (GPS) in combination with Inertial Navigation Systems (INS) for detailed sensing of the Earth's surface. Divided into two parts, the book first discusses GPS/INS with respect to theory and modelling, equipment trends, estimation methods and quality control, algorithms, and software trends. It then describes the applications of these kinematic systems to positioning and navigation, modelling and measurement of gravity, gravity gradiometry, and altitude. This collection of 63 presentations documents the symposium of the same name held in Banff, Alberta, September 1990. It is the sixth volume of the International Association of Geodesy Symposia series published by Springer-Verlag New York.
Table of Contents
Session 1 Theory and Modelling.- Kinematic Modelling—Progress and Problems.- GPS Observables and Error Sources for Kinematic Positioning.- Modelling Inertial Positioning Problems in Covariant Formalism.- An Observability Analysis of a GPS-Aided Geodetic Inertial Strapdown Measurement Unit.- Mathematical Analysis of the Geodetic Space-Stabilized INS.- Session 2a Equipment Trends and Measurement Procedures.- Gyroscopes: Current and Emerging Technologies.- Accelerometers: Current and Emerging Technology.- ULISS 30: A New Generation Inertial Survey System Enhancing Flexibility and Security of Operation, Performance and Reliability.- Design for an Airborne GPS-Inertial Surveyor.- Basic Geometric Considerations for a Self-Calibration of Strapdown Inertial Sensor Blocks by Tumbles.- Session 2b Equipment Trends and Measurement Procedures.- Trends in INS DevelopmentA Mini-Panel Presentation and Discussion.- Strapdown Inertial Surveying for Internal Pipeline Surveys.- Geodetic Application of a Laser-Inertial Strapdown System.- Attitude Determination via GPS.- A Real-Time GPS-Based Differential Positioning System.- Session 3a Estimation Methods and Quality Control.- Some Aspects of Real-Time Model Validation Techniques for Use in Integrated Systems.- Fault Detection and Estimation in Dynamic Systems.- MDB: A Design Tool for Integrated Navigation Systems.- Use of Spectral Methods in Strapdown ISS Data Processing.- Wave Method in Processing Navigation Information in Survey Systems.- Session 3b Estimation Methods and Quality Control.- Detection and Modelling of Coloured Noise for Kalman Filter Applications.- Research on Closed-Loop Kalman Filter Technology of SINS/GPS for Surveying.- Reliability Analysis Applied to Kinematic GPS Position and Velocity Estimation.- On a Measure for the Discernibility Between Different Ambiguity Solutions in the Static-Kinematic GPS-Mode.- Session 4 Algorithms and Software Trends.- Instantaneous Ambiguity Resolution.- Inertially Aided Lane Recapture After GPS Carrier Lock Loss.- Centimeter Level Surveying in Real-Time.- Combining Pseudo-Range and Phase for Dynamic GPS.- Comparison of Heterogeneous Unsynchronised Data by Transforming Coordinate Independent Functionals.- Session 5a Positioning and Navigation Applications.- Experience with the ULISS-30 Inertial Survey System for Local Geodetic and Cadastral Network Control.- ULISS 30: Results from Interpolation and Extrapolation Measurements.- GPS/INS Trajectory Determination for Highway Surveying.- Kinematic GPS Surveying in Cyprus.- Geodine 30: A Real-Time Inertial Surveying System for Land Geophysical Surveys.- Session 5b Positioning and Navigation Applications.- Integrated System for Automatic Landing Using Differential GPS and Inertial Measurement Unit.- EUROFIX: A Synergism of Naystar/GPS and Loran-C.- Open Concept: Integrated Navigation for Airborne Remote Sensing Image Georeferencing.- A Discussion of GPS/INS Integration for Airborne Photogrammetric Applications.- Experimental Research on a Strapdown Inertial Navigation Device Working Underwater.- Session 6a Gravity and Attitude Applications.- The Role of GPS/INS in Mapping the Earth’s Gravity Field in the 1990’s.- An Integrated Precise Airborne Navigation and Gravity Recovery System.- GPS and Airborne Gravimetry: Recent Progress and Future Plans.- Accuracy of Gravity Vector Recovery with the LTN 90-100 RLG Strapdown System.- A Method to Determine Increments of Vertical Deflections.- Session 6b Gravity and Attitude Applications.- Gravity Field Modelling for INS.- Smoothing and Desmoothing in the Fourier Approach to Spherical Coefficient Determination.- Airborne Gravity Surveying: An Effective Exploration Tool.- An Evaluation of Alignment Procedures for Strapdown Inertial Systems.- Application of Strapdown Inertial Surveyor in Determination of Hoist Skip and Mine Shaft Trajectory.- Author Index.