Kolmogorov Complexity and Computational Complexity

Kolmogorov Complexity and Computational Complexity

by Osamu Watanabe (Editor)

Paperback(Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1992)

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The mathematical theory of computation has given rise to two important ap­ proaches to the informal notion of "complexity": Kolmogorov complexity, usu­ ally a complexity measure for a single object such as a string, a sequence etc., measures the amount of information necessary to describe the object. Compu­ tational complexity, usually a complexity measure for a set of objects, measures the compuational resources necessary to recognize or produce elements of the set. The relation between these two complexity measures has been considered for more than two decades, and may interesting and deep observations have been obtained. In March 1990, the Symposium on Theory and Application of Minimal­ Length Encoding was held at Stanford University as a part of the AAAI 1990 Spring Symposium Series. Some sessions of the symposium were dedicated to Kolmogorov complexity and its relations to the computational complexity the­ ory, and excellent expository talks were given there. Feeling that, due to the importance of the material, some way should be found to share these talks with researchers in the computer science community, I asked the speakers of those sessions to write survey papers based on their talks in the symposium. In response, five speakers from the sessions contributed the papers which appear in this book.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783642777370
Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication date: 12/21/2011
Series: Monographs in Theoretical Computer Science. An EATCS Series
Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1992
Pages: 105
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.01(d)

Table of Contents

Applications of Time-Bounded Kolmogorov Complexity in Complexity Theory.- On Sets with Small Information Content.- Kolmogorov Complexity, Complexity Cores, and the Distribution of Hardness.- Resource Bounded Kolmogorov Complexity and Statistical Tests.- Complexity and Entropy: An Introduction to the Theory of Kolmogorov Complexity.

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