The Materials and Methods of Sculpture

The Materials and Methods of Sculpture

by Jack C. Rich

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Overview

"The authority and completeness of the work, the dozens of pertinent plates and textual drawings, add immeasurably to its worth." — Magazine of Art
Before the publication of this book there was a dearth of competent instructional books on the technical aspects of sculpture. Mr. Rich, a noted sculptor, remedied that need with this clear, comprehensive and precise guide to every aspect of sculpting in wax, plaster, metal, stone, wood, and other materials. Contending that "a knowledge of materials is the foundation upon which real achievement is based," Mr. Rich presents a comprehensive treatment of the origins, nature, properties, and characteristics of various sculpting materials and the methods employed in their use.
After an introductory chapter on the studio, technique, and the subject matter of sculpture, the author offers specific, detailed directions for sculpting with plastic earths, plastic wax, and plaster of paris. You'll also find expert chapters on casting, sculptural use of metals, surface treatment of metals, and sculpture in stone and wood as well as such exotic materials as amber, brick, coal, concrete—even butter! In the course of the book, Mr. Rich supplies many pertinent historical and other notes, and documents trends in contemporary sculpture.
The book's clear exposition is enhanced by over 275 illustrations, including step-by-step demonstrations of various techniques, and illustrations of works by such well-known sculptors as Brancusi, Paul Manship, Gaston Lachaise, Chaim Gross, Jacob Epstein, and other masters.
"A thorough survey of materials and methods that promises to become a standard reference book." — The Art Digest

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780486257426
Publisher: Dover Publications
Publication date: 10/01/1988
Series: Dover Art Instruction Series
Pages: 512
Sales rank: 650,093
Product dimensions: 6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

1. THE ANATOMY OF SCULPTURE
A Definition of Sculpture
Materials of Sculpture
Forms of Sculpture
The Subject Matter of Sculpture
Technique
The Studio
2. THE PLASTIC EARTHS
Terra Cotta
Preparation of Natural Earth-Clays
Modeling with the Plastic Earths
Casting with the Plastic Earths
Firing
Color in Ceramic Sculpture
3. PLASTIC WAX
Modeling Wax
Carving Wax
Composition Clay
4. PLASTER OF PARIS
Historical
Chemical and Physical Nature
Advantages and Disadvantages of Plaster of Paris
Mixing Plaster
Phenomenon of Setting
Hardening and Strengthening Plaster Casts
Porosity of Casts
Surface Treatment of Plaster
Coloring of Plaster
Soluble Plaster Negatives
Use as a Mold Material for the Castling of Nonferrous Metals
Tesso Duro
Carving Plaster
Modeling with Plaster
Storing Plaster
5. CASTING
Negative Molds
Agar
Gelatine or Glue Molds
Korogel
Plaster of Paris
Rubber Molds
Sulphur Negative Molds
Wax Molds
6. METAL
Sculptural Use of Metals
Physical Characteristics of Metal
Alloys
Alluminum
Antimony
Brass
Bronze
Copper
Gold
Iron
Lead
Nickel
Palladium
Pewter
Platinum
Silver
Steel
Tin
Wood's Metal
Zinc
7. SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALS
Bidri
Bronzing
Damascening
Electroplating
Etching
Inlaying
Niello
The Patination of Metals
Cleaning Bronze or Brass
Polishing Metal
Lacquering Metal
8. STONE
Origins
Granite
Limestone
Sandstone
Marble
Boulders
Miscellaneous Igneous
Miscellaneous Sedimentary
Miscellaneous Metamorphic
Miscellaneous Minerals
Porosity and Outdoor Exposure
The Weathering and Preservation of Stone
The Durability of Marble on Outdoor Exposure
The Durability of Igneous Stones on Outdoor Exposure
9. SCULPTURE IN STONE
Tools and Equipment
Methods of Approach to Stone Carving
The Carving and Treatment of Stone
10. WOOD
Nature of Wood
Varieties of Wood
Weight
Sculpture in Wood
Seasoning
Wood Shrinkage Factors
Preservation
Finishes
Staining
Imitation of Graining
11. OTHER SCULPTURAL MATERIALS
Amber
Brick
Butter
Coal
Concrete
Glass
Horn and Bone
Ice and Snow
Ivory
Lacquer
Lime Mortar
Oxychloride or Magnesite Cements
Oxysulphate Cements
Papier Mâché
Plastics
Soap
Terrazzo
APPENDIX
Scale of Hardness
Hydrometry
Melting Points of Metals and Alloys
Specific Gravity
Temperature Conversion Factors
Temperature Equivalents of Cones
Millimeters into Inches
Conversion of Specific Gravity into Ounces and Grams
BIBLIOGRAPHY
GLOSSARY
INDEX

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