Presents the methodology and applications of ODE and PDE models within biomedical science and engineering
With an emphasis on the method of lines (MOL) for partial differential equation (PDE) numerical integration, Method of Lines PDE Analysis in Biomedical Science and Engineering demonstrates the use of numerical methods for the computer solution of PDEs as applied to biomedical science and engineering (BMSE). Written by a well-known researcher in the field, the book provides an introduction to basic numerical methods for initial/boundary value PDEs before moving on to specific BMSE applications of PDEs.
Featuring a straightforward approach, the book’s chapters follow a consistent and comprehensive format. First, each chapter begins by presenting the model as an ordinary differential equation (ODE)/PDE system, including the initial and boundary conditions. Next, the programming of the model equations is introduced through a series of R routines that primarily implement MOL for PDEs. Subsequently, the resulting numerical and graphical solution is discussed and interpreted with respect to the model equations. Finally, each chapter concludes with a review of the numerical algorithm performance, general observations and results, and possible extensions of the model. Method of Lines PDE Analysis in Biomedical Science and Engineering also includes:
- Examples of MOL analysis of PDEs, including BMSE applications in wave front resolution in chromatography, VEGF angiogenesis, thermographic tumor location, blood-tissue transport, two fluid and membrane mass transfer, artificial liver support system, cross diffusion epidemiology, oncolytic virotherapy, tumor cell density in glioblastomas, and variable grids
- Discussions on the use of R software, which facilitates immediate solutions to differential equation problems without having to first learn the basic concepts of numerical analysis for PDEs and the programming of PDE algorithms
- A companion website that provides source code for the R routines
|Product dimensions:||6.20(w) x 9.50(h) x 1.10(d)|
About the Author
William E. Schiesser, PhD, ScD (hon.), is Emeritus McCann Professor of Biomolecular and Chemical Engineering and Professor of Mathematics at Lehigh University. His research interests include numerical software; ordinary, differential algebraic, and partial differential equations; and computational mathematics. Dr. Schiesser is the author or coauthor of fifteen books, including Differential Equation Analysis in Biomedical Science and Engineering: Ordinary Differential Equation Applications with R and Differential Equation Analysis in Biomedical Science and Engineering: Partial Differential Equation Applications with R, both published by Wiley.
Table of Contents
Preface xiAbout the Companion Website xiii1 An Introduction to MOL Analysis of PDEs: Wave Front Resolution in Chromatography 11.1 1D 2-PDE model, 21.2 MOL routines, 71.2.1 Main program, 71.2.2 MOL/ODE routine, 161.2.3 Subordinate routines, 201.3 Model output, single component chromatography, 211.3.1 FDs, step BC, 211.3.2 Flux limiters, step BC, 391.3.3 FDs, pulse BC, 481.3.4 Flux limiters, pulse BC, 501.4 Multi component model, 531.5 MOL routines, 541.5.1 Main program, 541.5.2 MOL/ODE routine, 621.6 Model output, multi component chromatography, 67References, 682 Wave Front Resolution in VEGF Angiogenesis 692.1 1D 2-PDE model, 702.2 MOL routines, 722.2.1 Main program, 722.2.2 MOL/ODE routine, 812.2.3 Subordinate routines, 852.3 Model output, 862.3.1 Comparison of numerical and analytical solutions, 862.3.2 Effect of diffusion on the traveling-wave solution, 882.4 Conclusions, 88References, 893 Thermographic Tumor Location 913.1 2D, 1-PDE model, 923.2 MOL analysis, 943.2.1 ODE routine, 943.2.2 Main program, 1003.3 Model output, 1053.4 Summary and conclusions, 110References, 1114 Blood-Tissue Transport 1134.1 1D 2-PDE model, 1144.2 MOL routines, 1154.2.1 MOL/ODE routine, 1154.2.2 Main program, 1194.2.3 Bessel function routine, 1284.3 Model output, 1294.4 Model extensions, 1334.5 Conclusions and summary, 142References, 1435 Two-Fluid/Membrane Model 1455.1 2D, 3-PDE model, 1465.2 MOL analysis, 1475.2.1 MOL/ODE routine, 1485.2.2 Main program, 1535.3 Model output, 1605.4 Summary and conclusions, 1626 Liver Support Systems 1656.1 2-ODE patient model, 1666.2 Patient ODE model routines, 1676.2.1 Main program, 1676.2.2 ODE routine, 1726.3 Model output, 1746.4 8-PDE ALSS model, 1766.4.1 Membrane unit MU1, 1776.4.2 Adsorption unit AU1, 1776.4.3 Adsorption unit AU2, 1786.4.4 Membrane unit MU2, 1796.5 Patient-ALSS ODE/PDE model routines, 1806.5.1 Main program, 1806.5.2 ODE routine, 1886.6 Model output, 1956.7 Summary and conclusions, 196Appendix - Derivation of PDEs for Membrane and Adsorption Units, 200A.1 PDEs for Membrane Units, 200A.2 PDEs for Adsorption Units, 202References, 2037 Cross Diffusion Epidemiology Model 2057.1 2-PDE model, 2057.2 Model routines, 2077.2.1 Main program, 2077.2.2 ODE routine, 2157.3 Model output, 2187.3.1 ncase = 1, time-invariant solution, 2187.3.2 ncase = 2, transient solution, no cross diffusion, 2207.3.3 ncase = 3, transient solution with cross diffusion, 2227.4 Summary and conclusions, 224Reference, 2258 Oncolytic Virotherapy 2278.1 1D 4-PDE model, 2288.2 MOL routines, 2298.2.1 Main program, 2308.2.2 MOL/ODE routine, 2408.2.3 Subordinate routine, 2458.3 Model output, 2468.4 Summary and conclusions, 273Reference, 2749 Tumor Cell Density in Glioblastomas 2759.1 1D PDE model, 2769.2 MOL routines, 2779.2.1 Main program, 2779.2.2 MOL/ODE routine, 2869.3 Model output, 2899.3.1 Output for ncase = 1, linear, 2909.3.2 Output for ncase = 2, logistic, 2959.3.3 Output for ncase = 3, Gompertz, 2969.4 p-refinement error analysis, 2999.5 Summary and conclusions, 301References, 30110 MOL Analysis with a Variable Grid: Antigen-Antibody Binding Kinetics 30310.1 ODE/PDE model, 30310.2 MOL routines, 30610.2.1 Main program, 30610.2.2 MOL/ODE routine, 31410.3 Model output, 31810.3.1 Uniform grid, 31810.3.2 Variable grid, 32110.4 Summary and conclusions, 325Appendix: Variable Grid Analysis, 327A.1 Derivation of numerical differentiators, 327A.2 Testing of numerical differentiators, 331A.2.1 Differentiation matrix, 331A.2.2 Test functions, 332References, 340AppendicesAppendix A Derivation of Convection-Diffusion-ReactionPartial Differential Equations 341Appendix B Functions dss012, dss004, dss020, vanl 345Index 351