Microwave Mixer Technology

Microwave Mixer Technology

by Bert Henderson

Hardcover

$208.00

Overview

Microwave mixers play a critical role in wireless communication and other micro-wave application employing frequency conversion circuits. Emphasizing practical applications, and based on a review of over one thousand patents on mixers and frequency conversion, this is a comprehensive book for mixer designer and users who want solid ideas for solving their own design challenges. Many of the important and most interesting patents and related circuits are discussed in the several application-oriented chapters. In addition, important contributions from the technical literature are included to provide a solid theoretical foundation. This book contains both introductory and advanced material about active and passive mixers that use bipolar transistor, FET, or diode switching devices. Theory and design details are presented for dozens of important mixer designs, with practical application information derived from the authors' decades of experience.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781608074891
Publisher: Artech House, Incorporated
Publication date: 07/28/2013
Pages: 880
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.70(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xi

Chapter 1 Origins of Electronic Mixers 1

1.1 History of Radio Development 1

1.2 Single Ended Circuits 18

1.3 Singly Balanced Mixers 23

1.4 Doubly Balanced Star Circuit 29

1.5 Special Receiver Architectures 30

1.6 Harmonic Mixers 42

1.7 Self-Oscillating Balanced Mixers 44

1.8 Distributed Mixers 45

1.9 Summary 46

Chapter 2 System Parameters and Performance 49

2.1 System Overview 49

2.2 Digital Modulation 54

2.3 Error Performance 64

2.4 Receiver Architectures 68

2.5 Mixer Linearity 74

2.6 Noise 76

2.7 Noise and Distortion in Communication Subsystems 93

2.8 Dynamic Range 102

2.9 Summary 103

Chapter 3 Semiconductor Modeling 105

3.1 Modeling Schottky Diodes 105

3.2 Modeling Bipolar Transistors 109

3.3 Modeling Field Effect Transistors 121

3.4 Summary 151

Chapter 4 Passive and Active Coupling Structures 155

4.1 Balun Structure 155

4.2 Marchand Balun 164

4.3 Microstrip Baluns 169

4.4 Lumped Elements 187

4.5 Slotline Type 191

4.6 Active Approach 194

4.7 180° Hybrid Couplers (Magic-T) 203

4.8 Quadrature Hybrids 221

4.9 Summary 225

Appendix 4A Guanella 4:1 Transformer 230

Appendix 4B Compensated Balun 232

Appendix 4C Active 180° FET Power Divider 235

Appendix 4D Alternative 180° FET Power Divider 237

Appendix 4E Active 180° FET Combiner 239

Chapter 5 Diode Mixer Theory 241

5.1 History of Linear and Nonlinear Analysis 242

5.2 Linear Mixer Analysis 243

5.3 Frequency Conversion Matrix 247

5.4 Computer Simulation Example 276

5.5 Large Signal Conversion Analysis 289

5.6 Subharmonic Mixer 300

5.7 Balanced Diode Circuits 313

5.8 Mixer Circuit Synthesis 323

5.9 Summary 326

Appendix 5A Parasitic Losses in Diode Mixers 329

Appendix 5B Conversion Matrix Including Parasitics 333

Appendix 5C Image Imp. and RF-Image Conversion 340

Appendix 5D Saleh Exp. Diode Mixer Performance 341

Chapter 6 Diode Applications 345

6.1 Single Ended 345

6.2 Singly Balanced 353

6.3 Doubly Balanced 384

6.4 Triply Balanced 400

6.5 Quadrature Mixers 413

6.6 Subharmonic Mixers 416

6.7 Summary 424

Chapter 7 BJT Mixer Theory 431

7.1 Low Frequency Mixer 433

7.2 Conversion Matrix 441

7.3 Mixer Properties 449

7.4 Design Study: CDMA Down-Converter 453

7.5 Cascode Approach 457

7.6 Singly Balanced Mixer 461

7.7 Singly Balanced Subharmonic 473

7.8 Doubly Balanced Mixer 475

7.9 Design Study: WiFi 2.45 GHz Gilbert Mixer 490

7.10 Differential Triple Level 495

7.11 Doubly Balanced Subharmonic 500

7.12 Subharmonic Triple Level 504

7.13 Summary 508

Appendix 7A 2SC5006 Gummel Poon Parameters 511

Appendix 7B AT305 Spice Parameters 512

Chapter 8 Bipolar Junction Transistor Applications 513

8.1 Single Ended 513

8.2 Parallel Combined Mixers 517

8.3 Integrated Circuit Topologies 531

8.4 Doubly Balanced 543

8.5 Image Reject 572

8.6 Subharmonic Topologies 580

8.7 Summary 585

Chapter 9 FET Mixer Theory 589

9.1 Gate LO Injection 591

9.2 Source LO Injection 614

9.3 Drain LO Injection 616

9.4 Resistive Approach 624

9.5 Cascode Mixer 637

9.6 Singly Balanced 642

9.7 Doubly Balanced 659

9.8 Subharmonic Mixing 665

9.9 Distributed Mixers 669

9.10 Summary 674

Appendix 9A NE67300 Parameters 679

Appendix 9B Transistor NMOS 0.13 μm Tech. 685

Chapter 10 Passive FET Applications 687

10.1 Single Ended 687

10.2 Floating Approach 697

10.3 Singly Balanced 707

10.4 Doubly Balanced 725

10.5 Distributed GaAs Applications 751

10.6 Summary 753

Chapter 11 Active FET Applications 757

11.1 Single Ended 757

11.2 Singly Balanced 775

11.3 Doubly Balanced 791

11.4 Subharmonic Approach 814

11.5 Self-Oscillating FET Mixer 820

11.6 Distributed Applications 826

11.7 Summary 838

Appendix: Sampling Mixers 843

About the Authors 857

Index 859

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Microwave Mixer Technology 5 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 1 reviews.
FRINGEINDEPENEDENTREVIEW More than 1 year ago
Are you a design- and professional engineer? If you are, then this book is for you. Authors Bert Henderson and Edmar Camargo, have done an outstanding job of writing a book that provides the new generation of design engineers with basic theory; a glimpse into the history of mixer technology development; and, to professional engineers, it offers a wealth of material on important publications and patents. Authors Henderson and Camargo, begin with an introduction to the origins of mixer technology, starting with the prevacuum tube era, up to its golden age in the late 1940s and early 1950s. Next, the authors discuss the application of mixers in systems, along with the parameters associated with mixers. Then, they discuss the modeling of diode, bipolar, and FET devices that apply particulary to use in frequency conversion circuits.  In addition, the authors describe the basic building blocks in mixers, with emphasis on balun theory, one of the most important components in a mixer. They also introduce the basic theory of diode mixers, including the conventional theory by Torrey and Whitmer in the 1940s, the work of Saleh in the 1970s, and the work of Maas in recent years. The authors continue with a summary of patents and major publications on the application of diodes to various topologies and classes of mixers. Next, they deal with the theory of bipolar transistor mixers; as well as, applications. Then, the authors detail the theory of FET mixers and the principles of operation of the FET family for active and passive approaches. In addition, they discuss the applications of passive FET mixers. Finally, the authors present the applications of active FET mixers.  This most excellent book improves the understanding of frequency conversion circuits and provides a platform for those who want to go further and extend the state of the art. Another aspect of this great book is its emphasis on practical applications, counterbalancing the available resources that tend to focus on theoretical aspects, more so than the basic concepts of how devices are used for mixing.