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MLA Handbook / Edition 8

MLA Handbook / Edition 8

by The Modern Language Association of America The Modern Language Association of America
Pub. Date:
The Modern Language Association of America, an imprint of Modern Language Association of America
MLA Handbook / Edition 8

MLA Handbook / Edition 8

by The Modern Language Association of America The Modern Language Association of America
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Relied on by generations of writers, the MLA Handbook is published by the Modern Language Association and is the only official, authorized book on MLA style. The new, ninth edition builds on the MLA's unique approach to documenting sources using a template of core elements—facts, common to most sources, like author, title, and publication date—that allows writers to cite any type of work, from books, e-books, and journal articles in databases to song lyrics, online images, social media posts, dissertations, and more. With this focus on source evaluation as the cornerstone of citation, MLA style promotes the skills of information and digital literacy so crucial today.

The many new and updated chapters make this edition the comprehensive, go-to resource for writers of research papers, and anyone citing sources, from business writers, technical writers, and freelance writers and editors to student writers and the teachers and librarians working with them. Intended for a variety of classroom contexts—middle school, high school, and college courses in composition, communication, literature, language arts, film, media studies, digital humanities, and related fields—the ninth edition of the MLA Handbook offers
•New chapters on grammar, punctuation, capitalization, spelling, numbers, italics, abbreviations, and principles of inclusive language
•Guidelines on setting up research papers in MLA format with updated advice on headings, lists, and title pages for group project
•Revised, comprehensive, step-by-step instructions for creating a list of works cited in MLA format that are easier to learn and use than ever before
•A new appendix with hundreds of example works-cited-list entries by publication format, including websites, YouTube videos, interviews, and more
•Detailed examples of how to find publication information for a variety of sources
•Newly revised explanations of in-text citations, including comprehensive advice on how to cite multiple authors of a single work
•Detailed guidance on footnotes and endnotes
•Instructions on quoting, paraphrasing, summarizing, and avoiding plagiarism
•A sample essay in MLA format
•Annotated bibliography examples
•Numbered sections throughout for quick navigation
•Advanced tips for professional writers and scholars

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 2901603292626
Publisher: The Modern Language Association of America, an imprint of Modern Language Association of America
Publication date: 04/01/2016
Series: Mla Handbook
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 160
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

About the Author

Founded in 1883, the Modern Language Association of America provides opportunities for its members to share their scholarly findings and teaching experiences with colleagues and to discuss trends in the academy. MLA members host an annual convention and other meetings, work with related organizations, and sustain one of the finest publishing programs in the humanities. For more than a century, members have worked to strengthen the study and teaching of language and literature.

Table of Contents

Foreword Rosemary G. Feal vii

Preface Kathleen Fitzpatrick ix

Part 1 Principles of MLA Style

Introduction 3

Why Document Sources? 5

Plagiarism and Academic Dishonesty 6

Think: Evaluating Your Sources 10

Select: Gathering Information about Your Sources 13

Organize: Creating Your Documentation 19

The List of Works Cited 20

The Core Elements 20

Author 21

Title of Source 25

Title of Container 30

Other Contributors 37

Version 38

Number 39

Publisher 40

Publication Date 42

Location 46

Optional Elements 50

In-Text Citations 54

Part 2 Details of MLA Style

Introduction 61

1 The Mechanics of Scholarly Prose 61

1.1 Names of Persons 61

1.1.1 First and Subsequent Uses of Names 61

1.1.2 Titles of Authors 62

1.1.3 Names of Authors and Fictional Characters 62

1.1.4 Names in Languages Other Than English 63

1.2 Titles of Sources 67

1.2.1 Capitalization and Punctuation 67

1.2.2 Italics and Quotation Marks 68

1.2.3 Shortened Titles 70

1.2.4 Titles within Titles 71

1.2.5 Titles of Sources in Languages Other Than English 72

1.3 Quotations 75

1.3.1 Use and Accuracy of Quotations 75

1.3.2 Prose 75

1.3.3 Poetry 77

1.3.4 Drama 80

1.3.5 Ellipsis 80

1.3.6 Other Alterations of Quotations 86

1.3.7 Punctuation with Quotations 87

1.3.8 Translations of Quotations 90

1.4 Numbers 92

1.4.1 Use of Numerals or Words 92

1.4.2 Commas in Numbers 92

1.4.3 Inclusive Numbers 93

1.4.4 Roman Numerals 93

1.5 Dates and Times 94

1.6 Abbreviations 95

1.6.1 Months 95

1.6.2 Common Academic Abbreviations 96

1.6.3 Publishers' Names 97

1.6.4 Titles of Works 97

2 Works Cited 102

2.1 Names of Authors 102

2.1.1 Variant Forms 102

2.1.2 Titles and Suffixes 103

2.1.3 Corporate Authors 104

2.2 Titles 105

2.2.1 Introduction, Preface, Foreword, or Afterword 106

2.2.2 Translations of Titles 106

2.3 Versions 107

2.4 Publisher 107

2.5 Locational Elements 110

2.5.1 Plus Sign with Page Number 110

2.5.2 URLs and DOIs 110

2.6 Punctuation in the Works-Cited List 110

2.6.1 Square Brackets 111

2.6.2 Forward Slash 111

2.7 Formatting and Ordering the Works-Cited List 111

2.7.1 Letter-by-Letter Alphabetization 112

2.7.2 Multiple Works by One Author 113

2.7.3 Multiple Works by Coauthors 114

2.7.4 Alphabetizing by Title 115

2.7.5 Cross-References 115

3 In-Text Citations 116

3.1 Author 116

3.1.1 Coauthors 116

3.1.2 Corporate Author 117

3.2 Title 117

3.2.1 Abbreviating Titles of Sources 117

3.2.2 Descriptive Terms in Place of Titles 118

3.3 Numbers in In-Text Citations 119

3.3.1 Style of Numerals 119

3.3.2 Numbers in Works Available in Multiple Editions 120

3.3.3 Other Citations Not Involving Page Numbers 123

3.4 Indirect Sources 124

3.5 Repeated Use of Sources 124

3.6 Punctuation in the In-Text Citation 126

4 Citations in Forms Other Than Print 127

Practice Template 129

Index 131

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