Multicultural Dynamics and the Ends of History provides a strikingly original reading of key texts in the philosophy of history by Kant, Hegel, and Marx, as well as strong arguments for why these texts are still relevant to understanding history today. Réal Fillion offers a critical exposition of the theses of these three authors on the dynamics and the ends of history, in order to provide an answer to the question: "Where are we headed?" Grounding his answer in the twin observations that the world is becoming increasingly multicultural and increasingly unified, Fillion reasserts the task of the speculative philosophy of history as it had been understood by German philosophy: the articulation and understanding the historical process as a developmental whole. Fillion's interpretation engages many recent strands of social and political thought in order to provide a new understanding of current events, and possible futures, grounded in the understanding of the dynamics of the past and the present provided by Kant, Hegel, and Marx. The result is a rich and timely answer to the question of where our world is headed today.
About the Author
Réal Fillion is associate professor of Philosophy at the University of Sudbury.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Where Are We Headed? 1
Kant and the Cosmopolitan Point of View 21
Real Universality as a Challenge to the Cosmopolitan Ideal 39
The Dynamics of Recognition
Prologue: Hospitality-Conditional and Unconditional 61
Mutual Recognition and the Challenge of Unfamiliar Familiarities 69
Hegel, The Particularity of Conflicts, and the Spaces of "Reason-ability" 87
The Basic Struggle
Marx, Productive Forces, and History 107
The Biopolitical Production of the Common 125
Conclusion: The Dynamic Telos of History - A Shared Democratic World 143
Works Cited 151