This is a study of faction, lynching, murder, terror and counter-terror during the French Revolution. It examines factionalism in small towns like Aubagne near Marseille, and how this produced the murders and prison massacres of 1795-8. Another major theme is the convergence of lynching from below with official Terror from above. Although the Terror may have been designed to solve a national emergency in the spring of 1793, in southern France it permitted one faction to continue a struggle against its enemies, a struggle that had begun earlier over local issues like taxation and governance. It uses the techniques of micro-history to tell the story of the small town of Aubagne. It then extends the scope to places nearby like Marseille, Arles, and Aix-en-Provence. Along the way, it illuminates familiar topics like the activity of Clubs and revolutionary tribunals and then explores largely unexamined areas like lynching, the sociology of faction, the emergence of theories of violent fraternal democracy, and the nature of the White Terror.
|Publisher:||Cambridge University Press|
|Product dimensions:||6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)|
About the Author
D. M. G. Sutherland received his M.A. from the University of Sussex and his Ph.D. from the University of London. He is currently Professor of History at the University of Maryland, College Park. He is the author of The Chouans. The Social Origins of Popular Counterrevolution in Upper Brittany, 1770–96 (1982), France, 1789–1815: Revolution and Counterrevolution (1985), and The French Revolution, 1770–1815. The Quest for a Civic Order (2003) as well as numerous scholarly articles.
Table of ContentsList of figures; Preface; Acknowledgments; Abbreviations; Aubagne: an introduction to the problem; 1. Structures and events; 2. The Olive Festival; 3. Aubagne's universe: Marseille, Aix, and Arles, 1789-92; 4. Murders in Provence; 5. Vigilantism and federalism; 6. Federalism; 7. Terror in a small town: Aubagne; 8. The revolution of the antiterrorists: vengeance, massacre, and justice; 9. The Bande d'Aubagne; Appendix; Sources and methods; Index.