Must Know High School Biology

Must Know High School Biology

by Kellie Ploeger Cox
Must Know High School Biology

Must Know High School Biology

by Kellie Ploeger Cox


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You know that moment when you feel as though a lightning bolt has hit you because you finally get something? That’s how this book will make you react. (We hope!) Each chapter makes sure that what you really need to know is clear right off the bat and sees to it that you build on this knowledge.

Where other books ask you to memorize stuff, we’re going to show you the must know ideas that will guide you toward success in biology. You will start each chapter learning what the must know ideas behind a biology subject are, and these concepts will help you answer the biology questions that you find in your classwork and on exams.

Dive into this book and find:

• 250+ practice questions that mirror what you will find in your classwork and on exams
• A bonus app with 100+ flashcards that will reinforce what you’ve learned
• Extensive examples that drive home essential concepts
• An easy-access setup that allows you to jump in and out of subjects
• Biology topics aligned to national and state education standards
• Special help for more challenging biology subjects, including photosynthesis and cellular respiration

We’re confident that the must know ideas in this book will have you mastering biology concepts in no time—or at least in a reasonable amount of time!

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781260454345
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
Publication date: 06/21/2019
Pages: 496
Sales rank: 287,320
Product dimensions: 7.30(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)
Age Range: 13 - 17 Years

About the Author

Kellie Ploeger Cox teaches Introductory Biology and AP Biology at Hopkins School, in New Haven, Connecticut.

Table of Contents

Title Page
Copyright Page
The Flashcard App
Part One: Chemistry for Biology
1 Chemical Bonds and Reactions
Covalent, Ionic, and Intermolecular Bonds
Intermolecular Forces: van der Waals and Hydrogen Bonding
Energy Transformation (and How It Must Follow the Rules of the Universe)
Catabolic and Anabolic Reactions
Enzyme Function
Enzyme Inhibition
Allosteric Enzymes
Review Questions
2 Properties of Water
Unique Properties of Water
Review Questions
3 Macromolecules
Dehydration and Hydrolysis Reactions
Nucleic Acids
Review Questions
Part Two: Cells
4 Overview of the Cell
Cell Membranes
Cell Types
Review Questions
5 Eukaryotic Cells and Their Organelles
Plant versus Animal Cells
Review Questions
6 Cells and Energy Transformation
Cellular Respiration
Krebs Cycle
Electron Transport Chain
NADH versus FADH2—Why One Is Better Than the Other
The Role of Oxygen (and what to do if there isn’t any)
Photosynthesis: Light Reactions and the Calvin Cycle (AKA the dark reactions)
Review Questions
7 Cell Transport
Passive versus Active Transport
Osmosis and a Cell’s Surroundings
Living with Osmotic Challenges
Review Questions
8 Signal Transduction: Cell Communication
Step 1: Reception
Step 2: Transduction
Step 3: Response
Review Questions
Part Three: Genetics
9 DNA and RNA: Structure of Nucleic Acids
Structure of RNA
DNA Chromosome Structure
Review Questions
10 Replication of DNA
DNA Polymerase
Dehydration Reaction
Two Identical Chromosomes
Review Questions
11 Gene Expression and Differentiation
Cell Differentiation and Epigenetics
Operons: Regulation of Gene Expression in Prokaryotes
Review Questions
12 The Cell Cycle and Mitosis
The Cell Cycle
Review Questions
13 Meiosis
Meiosis Creates Cells with Half the DNA (only one set of chromosomes)
Meiosis Shuffles the Two Sets of Chromosomes Like a Deck of Cards
Review Questions
14 Mendelian Genetics
Sex Linkage
Review Questions
Part Four: Evolution
15 The Theory of Natural Selection
The Development of the Theory of Natural Selection
The Mechanism of Natural Selection
Review Questions
16 The Evidence for Evolution
Molecular Similarities
Anatomical Evidence
Geological and Fossil Evidence
Review Questions
17 Microevolution: Evolution of Populations
Genetic Variation in a Gene Pool
The Hardy-Weinberg Equations
How Populations Can Change
Review Questions
18 Macroevolution: Evolution of Species
Review Questions
19 Phylogeny and Vertebrate Evolution
Review Questions
Part Five: Forms of Life
20 Plant Structure and Transport
Review Questions
21 Plant Reproduction
Review Questions
22 Introduction to Animals
Review Questions
23 Animals Need Homeostasis
The Importance of Maintaining Homeostasis
Disruption of Homeostasis
Osmoregulation When You Live in the Water
Osmoregulation in Humans
Review Questions
24 Animal Digestion
The Steps of Digestion
Review Questions
25 Animal Circulation and Respiration
Circulatory System
Vertebrate Circulatory System
Review Questions
26 Animal Neurons and Signal Transduction
Action Potential
Neurotransmitters and Synapses
Review Questions
27 The Animal Immune System
First Line of Defense: Outer Barriers
Second Line of Defense: Phagocytes and Inflammation
Third Line of Defense: Adaptive Immunity
B Cells and the Humoral Response
T Cells and the Cell-Mediated Response
Active Immunity, Passive Immunity, and Vaccinations
Review Questions
Part Six: Ecology
28 Populations
Death Rate
Limiting Population Growth
Interspecies Interactions
Symbiotic Relationship: Parasitism
Symbiotic Relationship: Mutualism
Symbiotic Relationship: Commensalism
Symbiotic Relationship: It’s Complicated
Review Questions
29 Ecosystems and Their Interconnectivity
Matter and Energy Flow in Ecosystem
Carbon Cycle
Nitrogen Cycle
Review Questions
30 Human Impact on Ecosystems
Natural Disturbances and Ecological Succession
Human-Caused Disturbances
Review Questions
Answer Key
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