This volume contains selected papers from a December 2006 Dumbarton Oaks symposium that complemented an exhibition of early Bible manuscripts at the Freer Gallery and Sackler Gallery of Art titled "In the Beginning: Bibles before the Year 1000." Speakers were invited to examine the use of the Greek Old Testament as a text, social practice, and cultural experience in the Byzantine Empire. Not only are reminiscences of the Old Testament ubiquitous in Byzantine literature and art, but the Byzantine people also revered and identified with Old Testament role models. The Old Testament connected Byzantium not only with its Christian neighbors but with Jewish and Muslim peoples as well. This widespread phenomenon has never received systematic investigation. The Old Testament in Byzantium considers the manifestations of the holy books in Byzantine manuscript illustration, architecture, and government, as well as in Jewish Bible translations and the construction of Muhammad's character.
About the Author
Robert S. Nelson is Robert Lehman Professor of History of Art, Yale University.
Elizabeth Jeffreys is Emerita Bywater and Sotheby Professor of Byzantine and Modern Greek Language and Literature at the University of Oxford, and Emerita Fellow of Exeter College, Oxford.
Derek Krueger is Joe Rosenthal Excellence Professor of Religious Studies and Women’s and Gender Studies at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro.
Robert G. Ousterhout is Professor in the Department of the History of Art and Director of the Center for Ancient Studies at the University of Pennsylvania.
Table of Contents
1 Introduction Paul Magdalino Robert Nelson 1
2 The Greek Bible Translations of the Byzantine Jews Nicholas de Lange 39
3 The Prophetologion: The Old Testament of Byzantine Christianity? James Miller 55
4 Psalters and Personal Piety in Byzantium Georgi R. Parpulov 77
5 Illustrated Octateuch Manuscripts: A Byzantine Phenomenon John Lowden 107
6 Old Testament "History" and the Byzantine Chronicle Elizabeth Jeffreys 153
7 Old Testament Models for Emperors in Early Byzantium Claudia Rapp 175
8 The Old Testament and Monasticism Derek Krueger 199
9 New Temples and New Solomons: The Rhetoric of Byzantine Architecture Robert Ousterhout 223
10 Old Testament Models and the State in Early Medieval Bulgaria Ivan Biliarsky 255
11 Connecting Moses and Muhammad Jane Dammen McAuliffe 279
About the Authors 303